On the Town (film)
|On the Town|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Gene Kelly
|Produced by||Arthur Freed
|Screenplay by||Adolph Green
|Based on||On the Town
by Adolph Green and Betty Comden
|Music by||Leonard Bernstein
Conrad Salinger (Uncredited)
|Editing by||Ralph E. Winters|
|Running time||98 minutes|
|Box office||$2,900,000 (US rentals) |
On the Town is a 1949 musical film with music by Leonard Bernstein and Roger Edens and book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green. It is an adaptation of the Broadway stage musical of the same name produced in 1944, although many changes in script and score were made from the original stage version; for instance, most of Bernstein's music was dropped in favor of new songs by Edens, who disliked the majority of the Bernstein score, for being too complex and too operatic. This caused Bernstein to boycott the film.
The film was directed by Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, and stars Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Ann Miller, Betty Garrett, Jules Munshin, and Vera-Ellen. It also features Alice Pearce and in small, bit part, Bea Benaderet. It was a product of producer Arthur Freed's Unit at MGM, and is notable for its combination of studio and location filming, as a result of Gene Kelly's insistence that some scenes be shot in New York City itself, including at the American Museum of Natural History, the Brooklyn Bridge, and Rockefeller Center.
The film was an instant success and won the Academy Award for Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture, and was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Cinematography (Color). Screenwriters Comden and Green won the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Written American Musical.
As three sailors – Gabey, Chip, and Ozzie – begin their shore leave, Gabey falls in love with the picture of "Miss Turnstiles", who is actually Ivy Smith. The sailors race around New York attempting to find her in the brief period they have ("New York, New York").
They are assisted by, and become romantically involved with, two women, and pair up: Ozzie with Claire, an anthropologist; and Chip with Hildy Esterhazy, an aggressively amorous taxi driver; and eventually, Gabey with Ivy, an aspiring actress. Claire claims that she's found her passionate "Prehistoric Man" in Ozzie at the Museum of Anthropological History. Hildy invites Chip to "Come Up to My Place". Gabey takes Ivy on an imaginary date down "Mainstreet" in a studio in Symphonic Hall. Later, Chip sincerely falls for Hildy telling her "You're Awful" -- awful nice to be with. That evening, all the couples meet at the top of the Empire State Building to celebrate a night "On the Town".
But when Ivy must leave early to work as a cooch dancer, the friends tell a despondent Gabey, "You Can Count on Me", joined by Hildy's hilarious roommate, Lucy Schmeeler. They have a number of adventures reuniting with Ivy at Coney Island before their 24-hour leave ends and they must return to their ship to head off to sea. Although their future is uncertain, the boys and girls share one last kiss on the pier as a new crew of sailors heads out into the city for their leave ("New York, New York reprise").
- Gene Kelly as Gabey
- Frank Sinatra as Chip
- Ann Miller as Claire Huddesen
- Betty Garrett as Brunhilde "Hildy" Esterhazy
- Jules Munshin as Ozzie
- Vera-Ellen as Ivy Smith
- Florence Bates as Madame Dilyovska
- Alice Pearce as Lucy Schmeeler
- George Meader as Professor
- Hans Conried as François (head waiter)
- Cast notes
- Carol Haney, Gene Kelly's assistant, performed with Kelly in the Day in New York ballet sequence, but was not credited.
- Bea Benaderet has a small, uncredited role as a girl from Brooklyn on the subway.
- Bern Hoffman has an uncredited role as a shipyard singer.
- Alice Pearce was the only original member of the Broadway cast to reprise her role.
Musical numbers 
- "I Feel Like I'm Not Out of Bed Yet" —Shipyard builder
- "New York, New York" —Gabey, Chip, and Ozzie
- "Miss Turnstiles Ballet" (instrumental) —Ivy and ensemble
- "Prehistoric Man" —Claire, Ozzie, Gabey, Chip, and Hildy
- "Come Up to My Place" —Hildy and Chip
- "When You Walk Down Mainstreet with Me" —Gabey and Ivy
- "You're Awful" — Chip and Hildy
- "On the Town" —Gabey, Ivy, Chip, Hildy, Ozzie, Claire
- "Count on Me" —Chip, Ozzie, Hildy, Claire, and Lucy
- "A Day in New York" (instrumental) —Gabey, Ivy, and dream cast
- "New York, New York" (Reprise) —Shipyard builders, three new sailors, and chorus
- Academy Awards, Best Music, 1950 (won)
- BAFTA Awards, Best Film, 1951 (nominated)
- Golden Globes, Best Cinematography - Color, 1950 (nominated)
- Writers Guild of America, Best Written American Musical, 1950 (won)
See also 
- It appears that DD443, the ship in the background for the opening two numbers, is the USS Swanson
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: On the Town (film)|
- On the Town at the Internet Movie Database
- On the Town at the TCM Movie Database
- On the Town at AllRovi
- On the Town at Rotten Tomatoes