1925 cover illustration by John R. Neill
|First appearance||The Wizard of Oz (1902) (non-continuity)
The Marvelous Land of Oz (1904) (mentioned)
|Created by||L. Frank Baum|
|Nickname(s)||The Lost King of Oz|
|Family||previous King Oz (father)|
|Children||Princess Ozma (daughter)|
King Pastoria is a fictional character mentioned in the Oz books by L. Frank Baum. He was the rightful King of the Land of Oz, but was removed by an evil witch named Mombi, and his throne was taken by the Wizard of Oz. Eventually, Pastoria's daughter Ozma became the Queen of Oz.
Original Appearance 
Baum actually created the character of Pastoria for the 1902 stage musical, The Wizard of Oz, freely adapted from his book. At the start of that play, King Pastoria II has been banished from Oz and is working as a street car conductor in America, with a waitress girlfriend named Trixie Tryfle. By the second act, Pastoria is restored to his Emerald City throne and orders all who allied with the Wizard (including the four classic protagonists) to be executed for treason. Of course the four characters and the Wizard each escape. Nothing of the stage character but his name made it into Baum's books.
The Classic Books by L. Frank Baum 
He is mentioned as "dead and gone" by the Scarecrow in The Marvelous Land of Oz, though there is no narrational confirmation. This novel, which was the sequel to Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz also describes Princess Ozma as "the only child of the former Ruler of Oz, and was entitled to rule in his place."
L. Frank Baum's fourth Oz book, Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, chronicles that Pastoria's father (Ozma's grandfather) ruled Oz before the wicked witches conquered the land and divided it among themselves, but makes it unclear as to whether Pastoria himself ruled Oz. Ozma explains in this book that all Ozian rulers were named "Oz" if male and "Ozma" if female; the fact that her father had a personal name makes it questionable as to whether he had the chance to actually rule as King, before being captured by Mombi. In any event, both Pastoria and his father became slaves of Mombi, the erstwhile Wicked Witch of the North.
Later books 
In The Lost King of Oz (1925), Ruth Plumly Thompson built her plot around a quest for Pastoria. Mombi had enchanted him in the form of Tora the Tired Tailor with no memory of his true identity and with ears that can fly off his face often coming together like a butterfly. This book mentions that Pastoria had a hunting lodge in a town in the Quadling Country called Morrow. At the end of the story, he returns to the Emerald City and Mombi is forced to disenchant him. Pastoria is happy to let Ozma keep ruling and opens a tailor shop called The Tired Tailor of Oz under his own name. Before he steps down as King, Pastoria's last act was to have Mombi executed by water. The character is hardly featured in Ruth Plumly Thompson's Oz books thereafter, limited to brief mentions in The Gnome King of Oz (conversing with Nick Chopper about the latter's crop of tin cans) and in The Yellow Knight of Oz (referred to only as the Lost King, playing checkers with the Soldier with the Green Whiskers).
Lin Carter wrote an unauthorized sequel, The Tired Tailor of Oz, that focused on the character. It was published posthumously in 2001. Normally, with The Lost King of Oz still protected by copyright, stories involving Pastoria-as-tailor are unpublishable, but Carter had the clout and funds to do so that most contemporary Oz writers do not have.
Recent Works 
In Gregory Maguire's revisionist Oz novels Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West and Son of a Witch, "Pastorius" was the widower of Ozma the Bilious, who died from an apparently accidental poisoning, and father to Ozma Tippetarius, who was approximately the same age as Elphaba. As Ozma Tippetarius was too young to take the throne when her mother died, Pastorius ruled as Ozma Regent until the monarchy was overthrown by the Wizard. Pastorius died during his subsequent imprisonment.
Thomas W. Olson's book of the musical, The Marvelous Land of Oz demonstrates the playwright's knowledge of L. Frank Baum's original stage musical, by having Glinda respond "That is the popular belief" to the Scarecrow's "Isn't Pastoria dead and gone?" (which was not phrased as a question in the novel).
King Oz, number unknown
|Monarch of Oz||Succeeded by
The Wizard of Oz