Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge

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Mes-e28.png

E28 Expressway
[contradiction]
Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge
(Penang Second Bridge)
Route information
Maintained by Jambatan Kedua Sdn Bhd (JKSB)
Length: 24 km (15 mi)
Existed: 2006 – present
History: Construction works started November 2008; originally set for completion in May 2012, official completion is currently February 2014.[1]
Opening ceremony on March 2014 at 20:30 MST.[2]
Opened to traffic on 2 March 2014 at 00:01 MST.[3]
Major junctions
East end: Bandar Cassia (Batu Kawan),
Seberang Perai
  E1 AH2 North–South Expressway Northern Route
Lebuhraya Bandar Cassia
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Batu Maung
3113 Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway
West end: Batu Maung, Penang Island
Location
Primary
destinations:
George Town, Bukit Tambun, Bandar Cassia, Batu Kawan, Simpang Ampat, Juru, Bayan Lepas, Bayan Baru, Batu Maung, Teluk Tempoyak, Permatang Laut, Serdang, Selama, Jelapang[disambiguation needed], Ipoh
Highway system
Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge
(Penang Second Bridge)

Jambatan Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah
(Jambatan Kedua Pulau Pinang)
Official name Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge
Carries Motor vehicles
Crosses South Channel, Malaysia
Locale E28 Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge
Maintained by Jambatan Kedua Sdn Bhd (JKSB)
Designer Primary
Government of Malaysia
Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM)

Secondary
Package 1
China China Harbour Engineering Co Ltd (CHEC)
Package 2
UEM Builders Berhad
Design cable stayed bridge
box girder bridge
Total length 24 km
Width --
Longest span 250 m
Constructed by Primary

Package 1
China China Harbour Engineering Co Ltd (CHEC)

Package 2
UEM Builders Berhad

Package 3A
Cergas Murni Sdn Bhd

Package 3B
IJM Construction Sdn Bhd

Package 3C
HRA Teguh Sdn Bhd

Package 3D
SU Citra Bina Sdn Bhd


Secondary
Minconsult Sdn Bhd (C&S Consultant) (Consultanting Engineer)
Opened 2 March 2014 at 00:01 MST[4]
Inaugurated 1 March 2014 at 20:30 MST[5]

The Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge or Penang Second Bridge (Malay: Jambatan Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah or Jambatan Kedua Pulau Pinang) E28 is a dual carriageway toll bridge in Penang, Malaysia. It connects Bandar Cassia (Batu Kawan) in Seberang Perai on mainland Peninsular Malaysia with Batu Maung on Penang Island. It is the second bridge to link the island to the mainland after the first Penang Bridge. The total length of the bridge is 24 km (15 mi) with length over water at 16.9 km (10.5 mi), making it the longest bridge in Malaysia and the longest in Southeast Asia. China Harbour Engineering Co Ltd (CHEC), a main contractor for the second bridge was expected to start work on the second Penang bridge in November 2007 and complete the project in 2011, but the completion date was then postponed to May 2012, and later to February 2014.[6] Construction actually started in November 2008. To reduce the cost of construction, its design was then modified to resemble the first cable stayed Penang Bridge. The bridge has been built with a large loan from the People's Republic of China to continue and maintain the economic relationship between China and Malaysia.[7] The bridge was officially opened on 1 March 2014 at 20:30 MST and was named after the fourteen Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah of Kedah and was assigned with the route number E28.

Overview[edit]

The Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge is a High Impact Project (HIP) launched under the Ninth Malaysia Plan. Being a High Impact Project, it is seen as a key catalyst in the socio-economic development of the Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER) of Malaysia. The project is being delivered by a special purpose Concession Company formed by the Government of Malaysia, Jambatan Kedua Sdn Bhd (JKSB). The bridge measuring a total of 24 km in length is being constructed by UEM Builders Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of the UEM Group Malaysia, as well as China Harbour Engineering Company (CHEC), a subsidiary of the China Construction & Communications Group (CCCG). Construction of the bridge, linking Batu Kawan on the mainland and Batu Maung on Penang Island, began in November 2008 and is currently projected completed on February 2014. The bridge was opened to traffic on 2 March 2014.[8]

Route background[edit]

Routes across Selatan Strait (Penang Strait) as of 2014.

The Kilometre Zero of the expressway starts at Batu Kawan Interchange, at its interchange with the North-South Expressway Northern Route E1, the main expressway of the central of Peninsular Malaysia.

History[edit]

Planning[edit]

In the year 1995, the idea to build a second bridge linking Seberang Perai to Penang Island was suggested by the 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Dr Mahathir Mohammad and the 3rd Chief Minister of Penang's Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon. In August 2006, the Malaysian federal government unveiled a plan to build the Penang Second Bridge in the Ninth Malaysia Plan. On 12 November 2006, the groundbreaking ceremony for the new Penang Second Bridge was performed by the 5th Malaysian Prime Minister, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.

Construction[edit]

After months of soil survey work and test piling work, CHEC and UEM announced that the project was on track for completion in 2011. Construction work was expected to begin in January 2008.[9]

On April 2008, the government announced that the project was to be delayed by 9 months due to land acquisition, design issues, and also the rising costs of building materials.[10] Newly elected Penang Chief Minister, Lim Guan Eng proposed a toll discount for any delays on the project[11] and also expressed disappointment regarding the construction delay.[12]

On July 2008, Jelutong MP Jeff Ooi reported that the loan for the bridge risked being withdrawn if the shareholder agreement between UEM Builders Berhad and its joint-venture partner CHEC was not inked by August 2008. It was reported that there were disagreements between the two parties on the apportionment of the cost of building the bridge although the issue was expected to be resolved quickly due to UEM having a variation on the price on its portion.[13]

On 8 November 2008, the construction of the Penang Second Bridge by CHEC finally commenced.[14]

On 3 October 2012, media reports indicated that the bridge was 84% complete, and that the bridge was due to be completed approximately two months ahead of the deadline of September 2013.[15]

On 20 April 2013, the final closure of the cable stayed bridge at the main navigational span of the Penang Second Bridge was completed and thus signified the completion of the construction of the bridge and physically connecting Batu Maung on the Island and Batu Kawan on the Mainland.

On 30 April 2013, the sixth Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak became the country’s first leader to use the 24 km Penang Second Bridge to cross from the island to the mainland to attend a function in Kepala Batas, Seberang Perai.

The bridge was originally planned for completion on 8 November 2013 and to be opened to the public by the end of November.[16] However, the opening day of 8 November 2013 was postponed and the bridge would be opened to traffic on 1 March 2014.[17][18]

Opening[edit]

The opening ceremony of the Penang Second Bridge was held at 20:30 MST at Saturday night on 1 March 2014 and was officially opened by the Malaysian Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak.[19] The bridge was official named as Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge after the fourteen Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah of Kedah.[20][21][22] At Sunday midnight on 2 March 2014, the bridge was opened to traffic at 00:01 MST after the official opening ceremony.

Incidents[edit]

Penang Second Bridge ramp at Batu Maung interchange collapse[edit]

On 6 June 2013, a ramp leading to the still under construction Penang Second Bridge at Batu Maung interchange collapsed at around 7:00 pm, burying a car and two motorcycles under the debris. One person was killed in the incident. The ramp which is part of the Package 3A of the bridge project was built by the contractor Cergas Murni Sdn Bhd and not UEM Builders Berhad.

Design specifications[edit]

Bridge[edit]

The Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge is designed based on the double "S" curvy concept due to the geological reasons. The numerous "S"-like curves along the 24 km stretch are a requirement under the Road Safety Audit. It was to help motorists keep their attention on the road while driving.

The Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge is the longest bridge in the world installed with High Damping Natural Rubber (HDNR) Bearing, an effective seismic isolation system that enables the bridge to withstand far field earthquake with a magnatude of 7.5 on the Richter scale. The bridge is the first in Malaysia to be installed with seismic expansion joints, which will allow movements during an earthquake.

Bridge specifications[edit]

  • Overall length: 24 km (15 mi)
  • Length over water: 16.9 km (10.5 mi)
  • Main span: Length - 250 m
  • Height clearance (above water): 30 m
  • Number of vehicle lanes: 2 + 1 for motorcycles (each direction)
  • Targeted date to be opened to the public: 2 March 2014
  • Overall cost: RM 4.5 Billion
  • Average time taken to drive from Batu Kawan to Batu Maung: 20 mins
  • Proposed speed limit on bridge: 80 km/h (50 mph)
  • Percentage of local contents to be used: 60%

Land expressway[edit]

The land expressway, Batu Kawan Expressway is the first Malaysia to be designed based on an upgraded secondary consolidation creterion of 50mm settlement in the next 20 years.

Tolls[edit]

Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza
Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza
(Gateway Arch Toll Plaza)
Plaza Tol Bersepadu Jambatan Kedua Pulau Pinang
Plaza Tol PLUS Bandar Cassia
(Plaza Tol Pintu Gerbang)
General information
Architectural style Structural expressionism
Location E28 Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge (Penang Second Bridge),
Penang, Malaysia
Construction started 2011
Completed February 2014
Opening 2 March 2014 at 00:01 MST
Technical details
Floor count 28 booths

Overview[edit]

The tolls will be collected by a private concession company, Jambatan Kedua Sdn Bhd (JKSB), which is similar to the toll scheme for the Penang Bridge. Fees are charged one way when crossing the bridge from the mainland to Penang Island. There is no toll imposed for mainland-bound motorists coming from the island. The Bandar Cassia-JKSB Toll Plaza will only be charged on motorist coming from EXIT 2801 Bandar Cassia-JKPP Interchange of the Persiaran Bandar Cassia. Motorist coming from EXIT 2800 Bandar Cassia-NSE Interchange of the North-South Expressway Northern Route will be charged at the Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza.[23] During opening month of March from 2 March until 31 March 2014, there was a toll free for a month and on 1 April 2014, the toll collection for the bridge has now begun.

Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza / Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza (Gateway Arch Toll Plaza)[edit]

The Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza or Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza or also known as Gateway Arch Toll Plaza is a main toll plaza for Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge in Bandar Cassia, Penang, Malaysia. Upon completion in February 2014, Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza would be the largest toll plaza in Malaysia, with the Sungai Besi Toll Plaza being the second.[24] The Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza is Malaysia's longest non-vehicular span steel arch structure shape to celebrate this gateway concept and become an iconic feature of the design and it is similar to Gateway Arch in St Louis, Missouri, United States.[25] Its toll complexes are the first in Malaysia to be awarded with a Platinum rating in the Green Building Index (GBI).

Toll rates[edit]

(Starting 1 April 2014)

Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza or Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza (Gateway Arch Toll Plaza) (For Bandar Cassia-NSE Interchange (North-South Expressway Northern Route) - Penang Second Bridge bound only)[edit]

Toll for the NSE-Penang Second Bridge bound, the Batu Kawan Expressway will be collected from users exiting from North-South Expressway Northern Route (PLUS Expressways) at Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza going to Penang Island via the Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah Bridge or to Bandar Cassia and users entering the North-South Expressway Northern Route (PLUS Expressways) at Bandar Cassia Toll Plaza.

Class Type of vehicles Rate
(in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
0 Motorcycles
(Vehicles with two axles and two wheels)
NIL
1 Private Cars
(Vehicles with two axles and three or four wheels (excluding taxi and bus))
RM 0.60
2 Vans and other small good vehicles
(Vehicles with two axles and six wheels (excluding bus))
RM 0.90
3 Large Trucks
(Vehicles with three or more axles (excluding bus))
RM 1.20
4 Taxis RM 0.30
5 Buses RM 0.50

Penang Second Bridge Toll Plaza or Bandar Cassia-JKSB Toll Plaza (For Bandar Cassia Interchange - Penang Second Bridge bound only)[edit]

Users from the Mainland (Batu Kawan) going to the Penang Island (Batu Maung) via the Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge, the toll will be collected at Bandar Cassia-JKSB Toll Plaza and Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza (one way).

Class Type of vehicles Rate
(in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
0 Motorcycles
(Vehicles with two axles and two wheels)
RM 1.70
1 Private Cars
(Vehicles with two axles and three or four wheels (excluding taxi and bus))
RM 8.50
2 Vans and other small good vehicles
(Vehicles with two axles and six wheels (excluding bus))
RM 30.50
3 Large Trucks
(Vehicles with three or more axles (excluding bus))
RM 70.10
4 Taxis RM 8.50
5 Buses RM 26.20
Note: Touch 'n Go is also available for light vehicles and motorcycles. The Smart TAG lane is for light vehicles only.

Facilities[edit]

JKSB Ronda[edit]

JKSB Ronda is the highway patrol unit to patrol along the Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge and land expressways and also to provide assistance to commuters on the bridge. The current highway patrol vehicles are the Japanese made Toyota Hilux and the Mitsubishi i-MiEV, the four-seater electric vehicle, with similar dimensions of a Perodua Viva, is able to travel 150 km after an eight-hour full charge. Seven charging stations were also set up at the toll plaza on the mainland, two of them being rapid chargers which are able to give a 80 per cent charge in 30 minutes.[26]

Inventory[edit]

Vehicle Origin Type In service Notes
Mitsubishi i-MiEV  Japan Highway patrol vehicles 2014–present First highway patrol electric vehicles in Malaysia.
Toyota Hilux  Japan Highway patrol vehicles and tow truck 2014–present

Rest and Service Areas (R&R)[edit]

The future two Rest and Service Areas (R&R) is located at Batu Kawan on the mainland. It will be build in six months' time. Previously, the original planned was the floating rest and service area on the middle of the bridge. However, the original planned was scrapped due to high cost.

List of Interchanges[edit]

Legend:


State District km Exit Name Destinations Notes
Penang Seberang Perai Selatan 0.0 2800 Bandar Cassia-NSE I/C E1 AH2 North-South Expressway Northern Route – Alor Setar, Gerik, Butterworth, Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh, Jawi
0.2 BR Canal bridge
0.3 BR Sungai Tengah bridge
0.5 2801 Bandar Cassia collector-express system Westbound only
Eastern terminus of collector-express lane system
0.7 T/P Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza
Bandar Cassia-PLUS Toll Plaza
(Gateway Arch Toll Plaza)
NSE-Penang Second Bridge bound - PLUSTransit PLUSTransit TnG TnG TAG TAG TAG TAG TnG TnG RM (Cash) RM (Cash)
NSE-Bandar Cassia bound - TAG TAG TnG TnG RM (Cash) RM (Cash)
Closed-system toll payment for westbound express lanes may include Second Penang Bridge toll collection
1.0 2801 Bandar Cassia-JKPP I/C Lebuhraya Bandar Cassia (Bandar Cassia Avenue) – Batu Kawan, Bandar Cassia, Bukit Tambun, Simpang Ampat, Batu Kawan Industrial Park, Changkat, Nibong Tebal Access by westbound direction only possible via collector lanes
1.5 T/P Penang Second Bridge Toll Plaza
Bandar Cassia-JKSB Toll Plaza
TAG TAG TnG TnG RM (Cash) RM (Cash) Collector lanes only with separate toll payment for Second Penang Bridge
2801 Bandar Cassia collector-express system Westbound only
Western terminus of collector-express lane system
RSA Second Penang Bridge RSA R&R Second Penang Bridge RSA - Parking (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Wakaf.jpg Petrol station (malaysia).jpg Eastbound, planned
RSA Second Penang Bridge RSA R&R Second Penang Bridge RSA - Parking (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Wakaf.jpg Petrol station (malaysia).jpg Westbound, planned
BR Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge
(Second Penang Bridge)
Length over water: 16.9 km
Main span: 240 m
Pulau Pinang Barat Daya
24.0 2802 Batu Maung-JKSB I/C 3113 Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway – Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone, George Town, Penang Hospital Hospital (malaysia).jpg Northern terminus of concurrency with 3113
Medan Bayan Lepas Medan Bayan Lepas Northbound only
BR Sungai Nipah bridge
Solok Bayan Lepas Solok Bayan Lepas Northbound only
Penang Aquarium
2804 Batu Maung I/S Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Pekan Batu Maung – Batu Maung town centre, MAS Complex, Cargo Terminal
P220
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Permatang Damar Laut – Permatang Damar Laut, Penang War Museum
Signalised at-grade intersection
Southern terminus of concurrency with 3113
Through to Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Batu Maung

Major events[edit]

Penang Bridge International Marathon[edit]

Interesting facts[edit]

  • Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge become the longest bridge in Malaysia and Southeast Asia. It was listed into the Malaysian Book of Records.
  • Penang Second Bridge Integrated Toll Plaza or Gateway Arch Toll Plaza is the largest toll plaza in Malaysia. It was listed into the Malaysian Book of Records.
Aerial panorama of Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge (Penang Second Bridge)

Bridge in popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Second Penang Bridge set to open in February 2014". 
  2. ^ Second Penang Bridge set to open in February 2014
  3. ^ Second Penang Bridge set to open in February 2014
  4. ^ Second Penang Bridge set to open in February 2014
  5. ^ Second Penang Bridge set to open in February 2014
  6. ^ "Second Penang Bridge set to open in February 2014". 
  7. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20070715133801/http://www.forbes.com/business/feeds/afx/2007/07/13/afx3910526.html Newspaper article regarding Chinese loan
  8. ^ "Penang Second Bridge to open March 1". 
  9. ^ Work on second Penang bridge begins
  10. ^ "Construction of Second Penang Bridge delayed". New Straits Times. 
  11. ^ CHRISTINA CHIN and TAN SIN CHOW. "Discount 'punishment' for Second Penang Bridge delay". The Star. 
  12. ^ ANDREA FILMER. "Penang CM disappointed over bridge delay". The Star. 
  13. ^ Pauline Puah (2008-07-09). "Second Penang Bridge loan risks being withdrawn". The Edge. Archived from the original on 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-08-11. 
  14. ^ "D- Day for Second Bridge". 
  15. ^ "Penang Second Bridge 84% complete". 
  16. ^ "All abuzz over Penang's new bridge". 
  17. ^ "Second Penang Bridge set to open on February 2014". 
  18. ^ "Penang Second Bridge to open March 1". 
  19. ^ "PM to open 2nd Penang Bridge". 
  20. ^ "http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2014/03/01/penang-second-bridge-named/ Penang's second link named Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Bridge". 
  21. ^ "Second Penang Bridge set to open on February 2014". 
  22. ^ "Second Penang bridge opens to fanfare". 
  23. ^ http://www.starproperty.my/index.php/articles/property-news/second-penang-bridge-expected-to-open-in-february/
  24. ^ http://www.starproperty.my/index.php/articles/property-news/second-penang-bridge-expected-to-open-in-february/ Second Penang bridge expected to open in February
  25. ^ http://www.jambatankedua.com.my/webv1/images/stories/tollplaza2/2.0%20overall%20plus%20toll%20plaza%20perspective.jpg Batu Kawan toll plaza (Gateway Arch toll plaza)
  26. ^ "Electric vehicles to patrol new bridge - General - New Straits Times". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 5°14′59″N 100°21′05″E / 5.24972°N 100.35139°E / 5.24972; 100.35139