Peneleos

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This article is about the Greek hero. For the asteroid named after Peneleos, see 13181 Peneleos.

In Greek mythology, Peneleos[pronunciation?] (Ancient Greek: Πηνελέως, Pēneléōs) or, less commonly, Peneleus (Πηνέλεος, Pēnéleos), son of Hippalcimus and Asterope,[1][2] was an Achaean soldier in the Trojan War.

Before the war began, he was said to have sailed with the Argonauts;[3] he also was one of the suitors of Helen, which obliged him to join in the campaign against Troy.[4] He came from Boeotia and commanded 12 ships.[5][2] It is also said that Peneleos was chosen to command the Boeotian troops because Tisamenus, son and successor of Thersander, was still too young.[6]

Peneleos killed two Trojans,[7] Ilioneus[8] and Lycon,[9] was wounded by Polydamas[10] and was killed by Eurypylus (son of Telephus).[6][11] He left a son Opheltes, whose own son (Peneleos' grandson) Damasichthon succeeded Autesion, son of Tisamenus, as the ruler over Thebes.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 67. 7
  2. ^ a b Hyginus, Fabulae, 97
  3. ^ Bibliotheca 1. 9. 16
  4. ^ Bibliotheca 3. 10. 8
  5. ^ Homer, Iliad, 2. 494
  6. ^ a b Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 5. 15
  7. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 114.
  8. ^ Homer, Iliad, 14. 489
  9. ^ Homer, Iliad, 16. 340
  10. ^ Homer, Iliad, 17. 597 - 600
  11. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 4. 17
  12. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 5. 16