||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2010)|
Manzanera, in Sydney, Australia, February 2011
|Also known as||Phil Manzera|
31 January 1951 |
|Genres||Canterbury Scene, Art rock, glam rock, pop rock|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, songwriter, Producer|
|Associated acts||Quiet Sun, Roxy Music, 801, John Wetton, Andy Mackay, David Gilmour|
Phil Manzanera (born Philip Geoffrey Targett-Adams, 31 January 1951) is a British musician and record producer. He is the lead guitarist with Roxy Music. In 2006 Manzanera co-produced David Gilmour's album On an Island and played in Gilmour's band for tours in Europe and North America. He wrote and presented a series of 14 one-hour radio programmes for station Planet Rock entitled The A-Z of Great Guitarists and his instrumental album, Firebird V11, was released in 2008.
- 1 Early years (1951–1970)
- 2 Roxy Music (1971–1983)
- 3 Solo work and collaborations (1975–2001)
- 4 Roxy Music reunion and later work (2001–present)
- 5 Other efforts
- 6 Guitars and sound
- 7 Selected discography
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early years (1951–1970)
Manzanera was born in London to a Colombian mother and an English father, and spent most of his childhood in different parts of the Americas, including Hawaii, Venezuela, Colombia and Cuba. It was in Cuba that the young Manzanera, aged six, encountered his first guitar, a Spanish guitar owned by his mother. His earliest musical accomplishments were Cuban folk songs inspired by the Cuban Revolution.
In Venezuela the eight-year-old Manzanera started experimenting with the sounds of the electric guitar. During his teenage years he was absorbing the twin influences of 1960s rock and roll and Latin American rhythms of merengue music, cumbia, and particularly the boleros of the Mexican Armando Manzanero.
In his late teens Manzanera — then a boarder at Dulwich College in south east London, England — formed a series of school bands with his friends Bill MacCormick, later a member of Matching Mole and Random Hold, MacCormick's brother Ian (better known as music writer Ian MacDonald) and drummer Charles Hayward, later of This Heat. Among the younger students at the school who saw the older boys performing in these various bands were Simon Ainley (later in 801), David Ferguson and David Rhodes; Ainley was briefly the lead vocalist for 801 in 1977, and all three were members of the late-'70s progressive group Random Hold; Rhodes subsequently became a long-serving member of Peter Gabriel's backing band.
The final incarnation of Manzanera's Dulwich College bands - a psychedelic outfit dubbed Pooh & The Ostrich Feathers - evolved into the progressive rock quartet Quiet Sun with the addition of keyboard player Dave Jarrett. They wrote a number of original songs and instrumental pieces, none of which were recorded until years later, and the band broke up when McCormick joined Matching Mole, but Manzanera briefly revived the group in 1975 to record a full LP of their original music during the making of his first solo album Diamond Head; later he included two other previously unrecorded Quiet Sun tracks on his 2008 album Firebird VII, which also featured Charles Hayward.
Roxy Music (1971–1983)
Manzanera was determined to join a professional band, and in October 1971 he was one of about twenty players who auditioned as lead guitarist for the recently formed art rock band, Roxy Music. Manzanera displayed a wide-ranging interest in music. Influenced by his childhood sojourns in Latin America, and his stints at boarding school, he came to know several prominent musicians including Soft Machine's Robert Wyatt and Pink Floyd's David Gilmour, who was a friend of his older brother.
Although the group were impressed with his abilities, Manzanera lost out to David O'List, former guitarist with UK prog rock combo The Nice, although Roxy did offer him work as their roadie. However a few months later O'List quit the band abruptly after an onstage altercation with drummer Paul Thompson, during the band's audition for David Enthoven of EG Management. Manzanera was invited to the next rehearsal on the pretext of becoming their sound mixer but was asked to stand in on guitar. Unbeknownst to the rest of the group, he had secretly learned their entire repertoire and as a result he was immediately asked to become O'List's permanent replacement, joining on 14 February 1972.
His bandmates at this time were Bryan Ferry, Brian Eno, Paul Thompson, Andy Mackay and Graham Simpson. Roxy Music's rise was meteoric, with the band being hailed as a major stylistic influence of the early 1970s. During the next 12 years, until 1983 when the band members went on a "long break", Roxy Music released a series of internationally best-selling albums, achieving ten UK Top Ten albums and touring extensively throughout the world. Although Ferry had sole writing credit on the first two LPs, and his work writing dominated the group's output, Manzanera was credited as co-writer with Ferry on the following Roxy Music songs:
- "Amazona" (Stranded, 1973)
- "Out of the Blue" and "Prairie Rose" (Country Life, 1974)
- "Whirlwind" and Nightingale" (Siren, 1975),
- "Manifesto", "Still Falls The Rain", "Trash" and "My Little Girl" (Manifesto, 1979)
- "Oh Yeah", "No Strange Delight" and "Running Wild" (Flesh & Blood, 1980)
- "Take a Chance with Me" (Avalon, 1982)
In parallel with Roxy Music, Manzanera has always pursued solo projects, both recording his own albums and producing for others. His first major credit as producer was in 1975; after spotting the New Zealand group Split Enz, who had supported Roxy on their 1974 Australian tour, Manzanera produced the group's second LP, which was recorded in London.
All his previous solo albums have been digitally remastered and re-released with new artwork on his own label, Expression Records.
Solo work and collaborations (1975–2001)
As a writer, producer and solo artist, Phil Manzanera has worked with many of the luminaries of modern music, such as Steve Winwood, David Gilmour, John Cale, Godley & Creme, Nico and John Wetton. He has co-written material with many artists, including Brian Eno, Tim Finn, Robert Wyatt and Gilmour. Manzanera co-wrote Pink Floyd's single "One Slip" from their 1987 A Momentary Lapse of Reason album.
Manzanera's first solo album Diamond Head (1975) featured an all-star lineup of session contributors, including most of the former and current members of Roxy Music, except Bryan Ferry. Brian Eno co-wrote and sang on two tracks ("Big Day" and "Miss Shapiro"), Paul Thompson, Eddie Jobson and Andy Mackay all contributed, and Roxy's occasional tour bassist John Wetton (ex Family, and then a member of King Crimson) played bass and duetted on vocals (with Doreen Chanter on "Same Time Next Week"). Robert Wyatt co-wrote and sang (in Spanish) on "Frontera", and the members of Manzanera's pre-Roxy group Quiet Sun featured on the instrumental tracks. Concurrent with the recording of Diamond Head, Manzanera reunited Quiet Sun (who had not been able to make any professional recordings) and used the studio time to quickly record a full LP of Quiet Sun material, released by EG Records under the title Mainstream.
Reworked versions of two tracks from Mainstream featured on Manzanera's next major collaboration, the critically acclaimed concert recording 801 Live, which was recorded at a 1976 London show performed by the "special occasion" band 801. The group comprised Manzanera, with Eno on vocals, synth and treatments, Quiet Sun bassist Bill McCormick, Curved Air keyboardist Francis Monkman, 19-year-old drumming prodigy Simon Phillips, and slide guitarist Lloyd Watson, who had previously performed as a solo support act for Roxy Music. The LP featured an eclectic mix of Manzanera, Quiet Sun and Eno originals, alongside distinctive cover versions of two well-known tracks, The Beatles' "Tomorrow Never Knows" and The Kinks' "You Really Got Me". The album also broke new ground in live concert recording, being one of the first live LPs to use the "direct injection" (DI) method of recording, in which the signals from the various electric instruments were fed directly into the recording console, enabling a dramatic improvement in fidelity over the earlier method of placing microphones near the various instrument amplifiers.
The success of the live album led to the creation of a more permanent incarnation of 801, without Lloyd Watson. Manzanera's old schoomate Simon Ainley (who was later a member of Random Hold with Bill McCormick) took over from Eno as lead vocalist, who only provided treatments and textures. Francis Monkman, Bill and Ian McCormick and Simon Phillips became part of an all-star session group that also included Tim Finn and Eddie Rayner of Split Enz (who had by then relocated to the UK), former 10cc members Kevin Godley and Lol Creme, saxophonist Mel Collins, Roxy Music's Eddie Jobson and drummer Dave Mattacks. The 'new' 801 recorded the studio album Listen Now, was released in November 1976, although according to Ainley the initial recordings had begun in December 1975, well before the original concert lineup of 801 was put together. The studio LP was not a commercial success and the group disbanded after a short UK tour. A live performance at Manchester University in Nov. 1977, with Ainley on vocals and guitar, and appearances by special guests Andy McKay, Kevin Godley and Lol Creme, was recorded on 24-track tape, but the recording remained unreleased until 1997.
Manzanera's second solo album K-Scope (1978) was originally intended to be the second 801 studio album, and indeed it featured many of the same personnel from Listen Now, including Ainley, Bill and Ian McCormick, John Wetton, Simon Phillips, Mel Collins, Tim and Neil Finn, Eddie Rayner, Godley and Creme, and keyboard player Dave Skinner. According to Ainley, he was slated to perform the lead vocal tracks, and he contributed to the composition of the track "Slow Motion TV", but by his own account he had a severe cold the day he began recording his vocals and couldn't hit the notes; as a result Manzanera replaced him with Tim Finn, and Ainley contributed only rhythm guitar to a couple of tracks. The LP was eventually released under Manzanera's name, but shortly after it was released Roxy Music reformed, and Manzanera's solo projects were put on hold until the group disbanded again in 1982.
His third solo album Primitive Guitars (1982) marked his tenth anniversary as a professional musician. It was intended as a retrospective of his musical influences and stylistic growth, interpreted through a series of solo pieces that represent various stages in his life - childhood in South America, adolescence in London, his work in Roxy Music and 801, and other projects. Manzanera plays all the instruments, backed only by a drum machine, except for one track that features John Wetton on bass. In between tracks, Manzanera inserted snatches of dialogue recorded at various rehearsals.
In the 1990s Manzanera performed in concerts all over the world, including at Guitar Legends, the five-day guitar festival in Seville, where he was musical director for the event as well as playing with Bob Dylan, Keith Richards, Jack Bruce, Vicente Amigo, Dave Edmunds, Joe Satriani, Steve Cropper, Aterciopelados, Robert Cray and Richard Thompson. He has also played in Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Cuba, Spain, France, Italy and the UK, including a ten-date European tour with the Cuban band Grupo Moncada. He played at WOMAD festivals in South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Manzanera ended the 20th Century by appearing with Bryan Ferry at the British Gas Millennium Concert at Greenwich, the first time they had performed together in 18 years. Manzanera produced in 1993 the highly acclaimed album Severino from the Brazilian rock band Os Paralamas do Sucesso, which included a participation by Brian May.
Firebird VII (2008) was another all-instrumental album, recorded with a 3-piece backing group that included his old Quiet Sun bandmate Charles Hayward on drums, Polish jazz pianist Lezek Mozdzer and bassist Yaron Stavi from the Gilad Atzmon band. It includes two original Quiet Sun tracks, written in 1970, which had never been previously recorded. As the title indicates, the album is a tribute to, and feature for, Manzanera's signature guitar, the red-and-black Gibson Firebird VII guitar which he has played throughout his career - he can be seen holding the guitar in the "centrefold" photograph on Roxy Music's second album For Your Pleasure in 1972, and a photographically distorted image of it was used on the cover of Primitive Guitars.
Roxy Music reunion and later work (2001–present)
The Roxy Music "long break" came to an end in 2001 with a critically acclaimed, sold-out, 52-date world tour. In the summer of 2003 Roxy played 10 dates in the US, followed by 13 European gigs in 2004, including performing at Live 8 in Berlin.
Manzanera has a state-of-the-art studio, Gallery Studios, in West London. The first recording was Robert Wyatt's album Cuckooland, and the client list also includes Brian Eno, David Gilmour, Annie Lennox, Kevin Ayers, and Chrissie Hynde. Wyatt's critically acclaimed album, Comicopera, was recorded at Gallery in 2007.
Manzanera began singing on his own albums with Vozero in 2001, followed by 6pm in 2004 and 50 Minutes Later in 2005. He appeared at The Strat Pack celebration concert at Wembley Arena in 2005, alongside other musicians such as Hank Marvin, Ronnie Wood and David Gilmour.
Between 2003 and 2008 he collaborated with Colombian artist/sculptor Lucho Brieva on the Corroncho project. The project sprang from a Spanish version of the track Complicada, written by Brieva's wife Chrissie Hynde. The resulting album comprises a set of songs about two corroncho characters (corroncho being the pejorative name given by people from Bogota to fellow Colombians from the Caribbean Coast, particularly Barranquilla. The album includes the musical styles of salsa, cumbia, pop music, ballads and chillout and has guest appearances from Robert Wyatt, Paul Thompson, Enrique Bunbury, Chrissie Hynde, Annie Lennox, Quimi Portet, Gilad Atzmon, and one of Cuba’s top pianists Aldo Lopez Gavilan.
- Phil Manzanera co-produced David Gilmour's album On An Island. Manzanera also played rhythm guitar on Gilmour's world tour to support the album in 2006 and appears in Gilmour's concert films Remember That Night and Live in Gdańsk.
- Manzanera appears briefly playing a guitar solo in Red Dwarf series 6 episode "Psirens". Only his hands appeared playing the guitar, and his credit on the Internet Movie Database lists his role as "Hands of Psiren Lister". On screen he is credited as "the hands of Phil Manzanera".
Guitars and sound
Manzanera has played a variety of instruments throughout his career, but he is best known for his "signature" guitar, a 1964 'Cardinal Red' Gibson Firebird VII, with gold-plated pickups and tuners. This guitar became widely known to fans after Manzanera posed with it during the photo session that produced the inner gatefold photo for Roxy Music's second album For Your Pleasure in 1972, and he has used it regularly throughout his career. Manzanera also frequently uses two custom-made Gibson Les Paul guitars, one of which (picture above) features a mother of pearl inlay in the shape of an iguana. On tour and in the studio, Manzanera also regularly plays Fender Stratocasters, a Fender Telecaster, and Blade guitars. On the evidence of the cover photographs for the 801 Live album, he also played a Yamaha SG-2000 guitar (as used by Carlos Santana) during the 801 period.
Beginning in the early days of Roxy Music, Manzanera's guitar sound was often heavily treated using various electronic devices and techniques, including processing the output of his guitar through Eno's synthesizers, both in the studio and on stage. This allowed him to create a wide range of sounds and textures, many of which are not immediately identifiable as having been produced by an electric guitar. On his solo album Primitive Guitar, all the sounds on the album except the drum machine and the bass on John Wetton (on one track) were produced by Manzanera's guitars.
- Diamond Head (1975)
- K-Scope (1978)
- Primitive Guitars (1982)
- Southern Cross (1990)
- Vozero (1999)
- 6PM (2004)
- 50 minutes later (2005)
- Firebird V11 (2008)
- Mainstream (with Quiet Sun) (1975)
- Listen Now (with 801) (1976)
- Live at Manchester University (with 801) (1977)
- Freeze Frame (with Godley & Creme) (1979)
- The Explorers (with Andy Mackay) (1985)
- Wetton Manzanera (with John Wetton) (1986)
- The Wasted Lands (with Nowomowa) (1988)
- Crack The Whip (with Andy Mackay) (1988)
- Up In Smoke (with Andy Mackay)) (1989)
- Mato Grosso (with Sergio Dias) (1990)
- Boleros Hoy (with Tania Libertad) (1991)
- Live at the Karl Marx, Havana (with Moncada) (1992)
- Live at the Palace (with Andy Mackay) (1997)
- 801 Latino (2001)
- 801 Live (with 801) (1976)
- Live at Hull 1977 (with 801) (2001)
- Corroncho (with Lucho Brieva) (2010)
- Men Singing (with Henry Fool) (2013)
- Half Life (with The Eden House) (2013)
- Guitarissimo 75-82 (1986)
- Rare One (rarities 1975-1991) (2000)
- Manzanera & Mackay (1991)
- John Cale: Fear (1974)
- Split Enz: Second Thoughts (1976)
- Heroes del Silencio: "Senderos de Traición" (1990)
- Tania Libertad: "Boleros Hoy" (1991)
- Nina Hagen: Revolution Ballroom (1993)
- Heroes del Silencio: "El Espíritu del Vino" (1993)
- Os Paralamas do Sucesso: Severino (1994)
- Fito Páez: Circo Beat (1994)
- Aterciopelados: La Pipa de la Paz (1996)
- Robi Draco Rosa: "Vagabundo" (1996)
- Enrique Bunbury: "Radical Sonora" (1997)
- David Gilmour: On an Island (2006)
- Enrique Bunbury: "Hellville deluxe" (2008)
- The Hall Effect: The Hall Effect (2010)
- Pink Floyd: The Endless River (2014)
- Phil Manzanera at Allmusic
- Roxy Music biography at Allmusic
- Phil Manzanera discography[dead link] at Rolling Stone
- Phil Manzanera at the Internet Movie Database
- "Random Hold Archive - Simon Ainley interview". Archived from the original on 2012-07-31.[dead link]
- [Ted Mills - album notes for Primitive Guitars, CD Universe]
- "Phil Manzanera - Firebird VII CD Album". Cduniverse.com. 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- Corroncho at expressionrecords.com
- "Phil Manzanera". IMDb. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- Roxy Music 2001 tour - equipment
- manzanera.com: Phil Manzanera's home page, Expression Records and the Roxy Music Archive
- Viva Roxy Music Site about Manzanera's work with Roxy Music and his solo work, collaborations and sessions