Pritzker Architecture Prize

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Pritzker Architecture Prize
Medal of Pritzker Architecture Prize (front).gif
Medal of the Pritzker Architecture Prize
Awarded for A career of achievement in the art of architecture.
Sponsor Hyatt Foundation
Reward US $ 100,000
First awarded 1979
Last awarded 2014
Official website www.pritzkerprize.com

The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually "To honor a living architect or architects whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built environment through the art of architecture."[1] Founded in 1979 by Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy, the award is funded by the Pritzker family and sponsored by the Hyatt Foundation and is considered to be one of the world's premier architecture prizes;[2] it is often referred to as the Nobel Prize of architecture.[3][4][5] The prize is said to be awarded "irrespective of nationality, race, creed, or ideology."[6] The recipients receive US$100,000, a citation certificate, and since 1987, a bronze medallion.[7] The designs on the medal are inspired by the work of architect Louis Sullivan, while the Latin inspired inscription on the reverse of the medallion—firmitas, utilitas, venustas (English: firmness, commodity and delight)—is from Ancient Roman architect Vitruvius.[8] Before 1987, a limited edition Henry Moore sculpture accompanied the monetary prize.[7]

The Executive Director of the prize, as of 2009, Martha Thorne,[9] solicits nominations from a range of people, including past Laureates, academics, critics and others "with expertise and interest in the field of architecture".[6] Any licensed architect can also make a personal application for the prize before 1 November every year. In 1988 Gordon Bunshaft nominated himself for the award and eventually won it.[10] The jury, each year consisting of five to nine "experts ... recognized professionals in their own fields of architecture, business, education, publishing, and culture", deliberate early the following year before announcing the winner in spring.[6] As of 2005, the prize Chair is Peter Palumbo; earlier chairs were J. Carter Brown (1979–2002), and Lord Rothschild (2003–04).

Controversy[edit]

In 2013, "Women In Design", a student organization at the Harvard Graduate School of Design started a petition on behalf of Denise Scott Brown to receive joint recognition with her partner, past prize winner Robert Venturi, furthering a debate about sexism in architecture. The petition, according to The New York Times has "reignited long-simmering tensions in the architectural world over whether women have been consistently denied the standing they deserve in a field whose most prestigious award was not given to a woman until 2004, when Zaha Hadid won."[11] Although the petition received international support of several past recipients, the jury said that it cannot revisit the work of past juries, in order to acknowledge the work of Scott Brown and Lu Wenyu, both women and equal partners to their spouses Venturi and Wang Shu, who won in 1991 and 2012 respectively.[12] Scott Brown told CNN that "as a woman, she had felt excluded by the elite of architecture throughout her career," and that "the Pritzker Prize was based on the fallacy that great architecture was the work of a 'single lone male genius' at the expense of collaborative work."[13]

Laureates[edit]

Inaugural winner Philip Johnson was cited "for 50 years of imagination and vitality embodied in a myriad of museums, theaters, libraries, houses, gardens and corporate structures".[14] The 2004 laureate Zaha Hadid was the first female prize winner.[15] Ryue Nishizawa became the youngest winner in 2010 at age 44.[16] The 34th prize winners, Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa, were cited for "architecture that is simultaneously delicate and powerful, precise and fluid, ingenious but not overly or overtly clever".[17] The most recent winner, in 2014, is Japanese architect Shigeru Ban.[18]

Year Laureate Nationality Photo Example work (year completed) Ceremony location Ref.
1979 Johnson, PhilipPhilip Johnson  United States The inaugural laureate Philip Johnson behind an architectural model Glass House 2006.jpg Glass House (1949) Dumbarton Oaks, Washington DC [19]
1980 Barragán, LuisLuis Barragán  Mexico Luis Barragán.jpg Torres satelite.jpg Torres de Satélite (1957) Dumbarton Oaks, Washington DC [5]
1981 Stirling, Sir JamesSir James Stirling  United Kingdom Christian von Holst mit Peter Beye und James Stirling, Foto Staatsgalerie Stuttgart.jpg History Faculty University of Cambridge.jpg Seeley Historical Library (1968) National Building Museum, Washington DC [20]
1982 Roche, KevinKevin Roche  United States Knights of Columbus headquarters.jpg Knights of Columbus Building (1969) Art Institute of Chicago [3][A]
1983 Pei, Ieoh MingIeoh Ming Pei  United States I.M. Pei.JPG National gallery of art usa2.jpg National Gallery of Art, East Building (1978) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City [21][B]
1984 Meier, RichardRichard Meier  United States Richard Meier at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg 10 The High.jpg High Museum of Art (1983) National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [3]
1985 Hollein, HansHans Hollein  Austria Hans Hollein, Architect, Designer.jpg Mönchengladbach museum mit skulpturengarten.jpg Abteiberg Museum (1982) The Huntington Library, San Marino, California [3]
1986 Böhm, GottfriedGottfried Böhm  West Germany Böhm-2.jpg Koeln christi auferstehung boehm.jpg Christi Auferstehung, Cologne (1968) Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, London [3]
1987 Tange, KenzōKenzō Tange  Japan Kenzo Tange 1981.jpg 20030702 2 July 2003 Tokyo Cathedorale 1 Tange Kenzou Sekiguchi Tokyo Japan.jpg St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo (1964) Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas [22]
1988 Bunshaft, GordonGordon Bunshaft  United States Yale-beinecke-library.jpg Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (1963) Art Institute of Chicago [3]
1988 Niemeyer, OscarOscar Niemeyer  Brazil Oscarniemeyer.jpg Cathedral Brasilia Niemeyer.JPG Cathedral of Brasília (1958) Art Institute of Chicago [3]
1989 Gehry, FrankFrank Gehry  Canada
 United States
Turner 07 FGLecture.JPG Image-Disney Concert Hall by Carol Highsmith edit.jpg Walt Disney Concert Hall (1999–2003) Tōdai-ji, Nara, Japan [21][C]
1990 Rossi, AldoAldo Rossi  Italy Aldo Rossi 1986-87.jpg Bonnefantenmuseum.jpg Bonnefanten Museum (1990) Palazzo Grassi, Venice [23]
1991 Venturi, RobertRobert Venturi  United States Robert Venturi 2008 Rome.jpg National Gallery London Sainsbury Wing 2006-04-17.jpg National Gallery (London), Sainsbury Wing (1991) Palace of Iturbide, Mexico City [24]
1992 Vieira, Álvaro SizaÁlvaro Siza Vieira  Portugal Siza Vieira.jpg Pavilhao Portugal 2.JPG Pavilion of Portugal in Expo'98 (1998) Harold Washington Library, Chicago [25]
1993 Maki, FumihikoFumihiko Maki  Japan Fumihiko Maki 2010.jpg Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium 2008.jpg Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium (1991) Prague Castle [22]
1994 de Portzamparc, ChristianChristian de Portzamparc  France Französische botschaft in berlin.JPG French Embassy, Berlin (2003) The Commons, Columbus, Indiana [26]
1995 Ando, TadaoTadao Ando  Japan Tadao Ando 2004.jpg Church of Light.JPG Church of the Light (1989) Palace of Versailles [27]
1996 Moneo, RafaelRafael Moneo  Spain Rafael Moneo.jpg San Sebastian Palacio Kursaal.JPG Kursaal Palace (1999) Getty Center, Los Angeles [21]
1997 Fehn, SverreSverre Fehn  Norway Sverre Fehn by Stina Glømmi.jpg Isbremuseet.jpg Norwegian Glacier Museum (1991) Guggenheim Museum Bilbao [28]
1998 Piano, RenzoRenzo Piano  Italy Renzo Piano cropped.jpg Kansai International Airport Boarding Lobby.jpg Kansai International Airport (1994) White House, Washington DC [29]
1999 Foster, NormanNorman Foster  United Kingdom 1999 winner Norman Foster, giving a speech behind a lecturn Mill.bridge.from.tate.modern.arp.jpg Millennium Bridge (London) (2000) Altes Museum, Berlin [21]
2000 Koolhaas, RemRem Koolhaas  Netherlands Rem Koolhaas.jpg CasadaMusica.jpg Casa da Música, Porto (2003) Jerusalem Archaeological Park [30]
2001 Herzog & de Meuron  Switzerland Tate modern london 2001 02.jpg Tate Modern (2000) Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia [31]
2002 Murcutt, GlennGlenn Murcutt  Australia 27-11-04 Murcutt y yo 022.jpg Berowra Waters Inn.jpg Berowra Waters Inn (1983) Campidoglio, Rome [32]
2003 Utzon, JørnJørn Utzon  Denmark Sydney opera house side view.jpg Sydney Opera House (1973) Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, Madrid [33]
2004 Hadid, ZahaZaha Hadid  Iraq
 United Kingdom
Zaha hadid - Flickr - Knight Foundation.jpg Pabellón-Puente Zaragoza.jpg Bridge Pavilion (2008) Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg [21][D]
2005 Mayne, ThomThom Mayne  United States San Francisco Federal Building.jpg San Francisco Federal Building (2007) Pritzker Pavilion, Chicago [34]
2006 da Rocha, Paulo MendesPaulo Mendes da Rocha  Brazil Paulo Mendes Da Rocha-Arquisur 2009.jpg Paulo mendes da rocha - capela de são pedro apóstolo - campos do jordão - são paulo - brasil.jpg Saint Peter Chapel, São Paulo (1987) Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul [35]
2007 Rogers, RichardRichard Rogers  United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II with Richard Rogers and Sue Essex.jpg Lloyds Building stair case.jpg Lloyd's building (1986) Banqueting House, Whitehall, London [36][E]
2008 Nouvel, JeanJean Nouvel  France Jean Nouvel 2009 Vienna.jpg Torre Agbar and Glories.jpg Torre Agbar (2005) Library of Congress, Washington DC [21][37]
2009 Zumthor, PeterPeter Zumthor  Switzerland Therme Vals wall structure, Vals, Graubünden, Switzerland - 20060811.jpg Therme Vals (1996) Legislative Palace of the City Council, Buenos Aires [21][38]
2010 Kazuyo Sejima and
Ryue Nishizawa (SANAA)
 Japan Kazuyo Sejima mg 4973-small.jpg Kanazawa21seikibijutsukan.jpg 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa (2003) Ellis Island, New York City [21]
2011 Eduardo Souto de Moura  Portugal Eduardo Souto de Moura.jpg Estadio Braga.JPG Estádio Municipal de Braga, Braga (2004) Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium, Washington DC [39]
2012 Wang Shu  China Wang-Shu Taipei.jpg North facet of NBM.JPG Ningbo Museum, Ningbo (2008) Great Hall of the People, Beijing [40]
2013 Toyo Ito  Japan Toyo Ito 2009.jpg Sendai Mediatheque 2009.jpg Sendai Mediatheque, Sendai (2001) John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston [41]
2014 Shigeru Ban  Japan Centre Pompidou-Metz - Pose de la première pierre -2.jpg Metz (F) - Centre Pompidou - Außenansicht.jpg Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz (2010) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam [18]

Table notes[edit]

A. a Roche was born in Ireland.[42]
B. b Pei was born in China.[43]
C. c Gehry was born in Canada.[44]
D. d Hadid was born in Iraq.[45]
E. e Rogers was born in Italy.[46]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General

  • "Past laureates". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved March 17, 2013. 

Specific

  1. ^ "The Purpose of the Pritzker Architecture Prize". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  2. ^ Pollard, Lawrence (April 13, 2009). "Swiss architect wins top honour". BBC News. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Goldberger, Paul (May 28, 1988). "Architecture View; What Pritzker Winners Tell Us About the Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  4. ^ McLean, Pauline (June 9, 2011). "Riverside Museum architect visits 'sophisticated shed'". BBC News. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Endicott, Katherine (October 14, 2006). "The Mexican garden revisited". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c "Nomination Process". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved July 3, 2009. 
  7. ^ a b "History". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Ceremony and Medal". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved June 29, 2009. 
  9. ^ "2009 Jury Members". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved July 3, 2009. 
  10. ^ How to win the Pritzker Architecture Prize: Practice, practice, practice (and don't be shy about nominating yourself)
  11. ^ "Partner Without the Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Pritzker Architecture Prize Committee Denies Honors for Denise Scott Brown". architectmagazine.com. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  13. ^ Catriona Davies (May 29, 2013). "Denise Scott Brown: Architecture favors 'lone male genius' over women". CNN. 
  14. ^ "Philip Johnson – 1979 Laureate – Jury Citation". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved June 30, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Hadid designs landmark building". BBC News. January 15, 2005. Retrieved June 29, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Pritzker Architecture Prize 1984 Announcement". The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Media Kit: Announcing the 2010 Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate". The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved March 29, 2010. 
  18. ^ a b Hawthorne, Christopher (March 24, 2014). "Architect Shigeru Ban, known for disaster relief, wins Pritzker Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 24, 2014. 
  19. ^ "People – In the News". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. May 23, 1979. p. 2. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  20. ^ Reynolds, Nigel (March 23, 2004). "Top prize for architect who is ignored by fellow British". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h Pilkington, Ed (April 14, 2009). "Swiss architect untouched by fad or fashion wins prized Pritzker award". The Guardian. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  22. ^ a b Muschamp, Herbert (April 26, 1993). "Pritzker Prize for Japanese Architect". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  23. ^ Iovine, Julie (September 5, 1997). "Aldo Rossi, Architect of Monumental Simplicity, Dies at 66". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  24. ^ Blau, Eleanor (April 8, 1991). "Robert Venturi Is to Receive Pritzker Architecture Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  25. ^ Ribeiro, Ana Maria (February 24, 2009). "Siza Vieira fala para casa cheia". Correio da Manhã (in Portuguese). Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  26. ^ Muschamp, Herbert (May 2, 1994). "Architect of Austere Works Receives the Pritzker Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  27. ^ Viladas, Pilar (August 19, 2001). "Fashion's New Religion". The New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  28. ^ Samaniego, Fernando (June 1, 1997). "El noruego Sverre Fehn recibe el Pritzker de Arquitectura en el museo Guggenheim Bilbao". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  29. ^ Muschamp, Herbert (April 20, 1998). "Renzo Piano Wins Architecture's Top Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  30. ^ "Koolhaas receives 'Nobel of architecture' in Jerusalem". CNN. May 29, 2000. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  31. ^ "Herzog & de Meuron Propose Castle in The Sky for Hamburg". Das Spiegel. June 14, 2005. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  32. ^ "Top honour for Australian architect". BBC News. April 16, 2002. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  33. ^ "Prize for Opera House designer". BBC News. April 7, 2003. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  34. ^ "Paris skyscraper to rival tower". BBC News. November 28, 2006. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  35. ^ Forgey, Benjamin (April 9, 2006). "Brazilian wins Pritzker Prize". Washington Post. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  36. ^ Glancey, Jonathan (March 29, 2007). "Rogers takes the 'Nobel for architecture'". The Guardian. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Nouvel wins top architect's prize". BBC News. March 31, 2008. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  38. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (April 12, 2009). "Pritzker Prize Goes to Peter Zumthor". The New York Times. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  39. ^ Taylor, Kate (March 28, 2011). "Souto de Moura Wins 2011 Pritzker Architecture Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2011. 
  40. ^ Basulto, David (February 2012). "2012 Pritzker Prize: Wang Shu". Arch Daily. Retrieved February 27, 2012. 
  41. ^ Hawthorne, Christopher (March 17, 2013). "Japanese architect Toyo Ito, 71, wins Pritzker Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 17, 2013. 
  42. ^ "Architecture Award to Kevin Roche". The New York Times. December 14, 1992. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  43. ^ Barboza, David (October 9, 2006). "I. M. Pei in China, Revisiting Roots". The New York Times. Retrieved June 30, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Frank O. Gehry. (American, born Canada 1929)". Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  45. ^ "Zaha Hadid. (British, born Iraq, 1950)". Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  46. ^ "Richard Rogers, Architect". The Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 

External links[edit]