Elm Park tube station

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Elm Park
London Underground
Elm Park stn building.JPG
Entrance to The Broadway
Elm Park is located in Greater London
Elm Park
Elm Park
Location of Elm Park in Greater London
Location Elm Park
Local authority London Borough of Havering
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access [1]
Fare zone 6
London Underground annual entry and exit
2009 Decrease 2.390 million[2]
2010 Decrease 2.330 million[3]
2011 Increase 2.440 million[4]
2012 Increase 2.49 million[4]
Key dates
1935 Opened by London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1948 Ownership transferred to British Railways
1969 Ownership transferred to London Transport
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°32′59″N 0°11′52″E / 51.54972°N 0.19777°E / 51.54972; 0.19777

Elm Park tube station is a London Underground station on The Broadway in the Elm Park neighbourhood of the London Borough of Havering in northeast London, England. The station is on the District line and in London fare zone 6. The station was opened in 1935 by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway on the local electrified tracks between Upminster and Barking that were constructed in 1932. The station is of a similar design to those constructed at Dagenham Heathway and Upney and was the last station to be opened on the eastern extension. In 2011 the station had 2.4 million entries and exits.

History[edit]

The London, Tilbury and Southend Railway constructed a line from Barking to Pitsea through the Elm Park area in 1885, with stations at Dagenham and Hornchurch. The Whitechapel and Bow Railway opened in 1902 and allowed through services of the Metropolitan District Railway to operate to Upminster. The Metropolitan District converted to electric trains in 1905 and services were cut back to East Ham. Delayed by World War I,[5] electrified tracks were extended by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway to Upminster and through services resumed in 1932.[6][7] The Metropolitan District Railway was incorporated into London Transport in 1933, and became known as the District line.

The station was opened in 1935. It opened with a passimeter for quick sale of tickets and in the off peak collection of tickets from one side and sale from the other. A ticket collectors position was provided with stable door, now a bin store. A ticket office was also provided to deal with parcels and also had the electrical fuses and switches. Now a shop, switch room, and computer room. The station had central heating supplied by a coal boiler under the booking hall, a coal chute from a street manhole was used to supply coal. The boiler was later converted to gas, all removed when the new ticket office was built opposite for the Underground ticket system.

Design[edit]

The station is of similar design to Dagenham Heathway and Upney, but the station canopy is supported by one central pillar and the ramp to the ticket hall is much wider. The platforms are arranged on an island layout with station buildings typical of the 1930s. A long sloping walkway connects the platforms with the ticket hall which is on a road bridge over the line and above general street level.

Location[edit]

The station is named after the mid-1930s planned community of Elm Park, in which it is situated. It is located on The Broadway in the London Borough of Havering. The immediate area is a busy, compact shopping district surrounded by extensive residential development to the north and south. The station site is served by London bus routes 165, 252, 365 and 372; which provide connections to Collier Row, Hornchurch, Lakeside Shopping Centre, Orchard Village, Queen's Hospital, Rainham, Romford and South Hornchurch.[8]

Services[edit]

The station is in London fare zone 6. The typical off-peak service from the station is twelve District line trains per hour to Upminster and twelve to Earl's Court, of which six continue to Ealing Broadway and six continue to Richmond. At peak periods the number of trains per hour increases to fifteen and some trains continue from Earl's Court to Wimbledon. Services towards central London operate from approximately 05:00 to 23:45 and services to Upminster operate from approximately 06:00 to 01:30.[9] The journey time to Upminster is seven minutes; to Barking is approximately thirteen minutes, and to Tower Hill is approximately 38 minutes.[9] In 2011 the station had 2.4 million entries and exits, an increase on the previous two years and higher than adjacent stations on the line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 2014-01-26. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "London, Tilbury and Southend Railway", Local Studies Information Sheets (Barking and Dagenham London Borough Council), 2008, retrieved 8 February 2010 
  6. ^ Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground: A diagrammatic history (7 ed.). Douglas Rose. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  7. ^ Wolmar, Christian (2005). The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. p. 268. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 
  8. ^ http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/gettingaround/maps/buses/pdf/elmpark-2415.pdf
  9. ^ a b "District line". First and Last Trains. Transport for London. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
District line
towards Upminster