Rivia

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Rivia
רְבִיעַ ֗ וְהָאָ֗רֶץ
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnachta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tifcha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

This article is about the Torah trope. For the fictional setting, see The Witcher.

The Rivia (Hebrew: רְבִיעַ, also sometimes called Rivi'i, with other variant English spellings) is a cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other biblical texts.

Rivia is considered to have medium strength. It is stronger than a Pashta or Tevir, but weaker than a Zakef or Tipcha.[1]

The Rivia can occur either by itself, or following one or two Munachs. When there are two Munachs prior to a Rivia, the first Munach has a long melody, and the second one is short. When there is one Munach, it is short.

The Hebrew word רְבִ֗יע means fourth. It is therefore represented by a diamond-shaped mark.[2]

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Number of appearances
Torah 2430[3]
   Genesis 610[3]
   Exodus 504[3]
   Leviticus 312[3]
   Numbers 497[3]
   Deuteronomy 507[3]
Nevi'im 2239[4]
Ketuvim 1672[4]

Melody[edit]

The Rivia is read in a slow, downward tone, with a pause in the middle breaking upward. Rivia.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chanting the Hebrew Bible By Joshua R. Jacobson, page 102
  2. ^ The Art of Cantillation, Volume 2: A Step-By-Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot ... By Marshall Portnoy, Josée Wolff, page 43
  3. ^ a b c d e f Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  4. ^ a b Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5