Yetiv

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Yetiv
יְ֚תִיב ֚ ק֚וֹל
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnachta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tifcha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

Yetiv (יְ֚תִיב) is a cantillation mark found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. It is found in the Katon group in some occurrences in lieu of the more common Mahpach-Pashta clause, generally on one- or two-syllable words.

The Yetiv uses the same < symbol as the Mahpach, but when it is present, the < comes at the beginning of the word, unlike in a Mahpach, it is placed under the letter of the first syllable that is stressed. It is found to the right of the vowel. There is also no Pashta.[1] In print, the Yetiv will sometimes be distinguished from the Mahapach by being more acutely angled, but in the identical position.

Yetiv occurs in the Torah 356 times.[2]

The Hebrew word יְ֚תִיב translates into English as sitting.

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Number of appearances
Torah 356[2]
   Genesis 79[2]
   Exodus 90[2]
   Leviticus 50[2]
   Numbers 72[2]
   Deuteronomy 65[2]
Nevi'im 368[3]
Ketuvim 179[3]

Melody[edit]

The Yetiv starts off with a very high note, then drops low very suddenly. Yetiv.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chanting the Hebrew Bible By Joshua R. Jacobson, page 100
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  3. ^ a b Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5