Tevir

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Tevir
תְּבִ֛יר ֛ וַיְכֻלּ֛וּ
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnahta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tipeha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

Tevir (Hebrew: תְּבִיר, with variant English spellings) is a cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other Hebrew biblical books. It can be found independently[1] or it can follow any number of other cantillation marks, very commonly a Mercha or Darga.[2]

The Hebrew word תְּבִ֛יר translates into English as broken.

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Number of appearances
Torah 2678[3]
   Genesis 623[3]
   Exodus 585[3]
   Leviticus 417[3]
   Numbers 576[3]
   Deuteronomy 477[3]
Nevi'im 1837[4]
Ketuvim 1329[4]

Melody[edit]

The Tevir is sung on a low tone, going downward at the beginning and upward at the end. Tevir.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Hebrew grammar: containing a copious and systematic development of the ... By Samuel Ransom, page 207
  2. ^ Chanting the Hebrew Bible By Joshua R. Jacobson, page 113
  3. ^ a b c d e f Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  4. ^ a b Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5