The song received generally positive reviews by critics, most of which favored Minaj's contribution to the song over the others. "Roger That" debuted and peaked at 56 on Billboard Hot 100, 15 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and 6 on the Billboard Rap Songs.
Nicki Minaj stated on her Twitter that all three rappers featured on the song never actually met the songs producer, Phenom. Minaj stated the beat was sent to her by Gmail who sent it to Lil Wayne which later led to the song being released on the We Are Young Money LP with all three rappers adding verses.
In the 2010 Sucker Free Summit, Lil Wayne's verse in the song was nominated for the Verse of the Year award along with label-mate Nicki Minaj for her verse in "My Chick Bad".
The single garnered generally positive reviews most of which complimented Nicki Minaj's assistance on the single. XXL gave Minaj a positive review on the song stating, "On “Roger That,” for instance, YM’s female MC Nicki Minaj steals the spotlight".HipHopDX also favored Minaj's verse but stated the track would be better without Wayne stating, "Nicki Minaj owns most of the tracks she’s present on including 'Roger That' and 'Fuck da Bullshit', two more songs that could’ve done without Wayne."Planet Ill gave the song a negative review stating " 'Roger That' is the final breath for an album that’s lifeless by its end." Nathan S. of DJ Booth gave the song a mixed review commenting on Minaj as part of the whole album but predictable in "Roger That" stating, "Nicki Minaj can’t be ignored, although over the course of an album her wild style can become oddly predictable (especially on 'Roger That', where she sounds almost bored)."
The music video was released on March 1, 2010, the day before Lil Wayne was supposed to be sentenced to jail after the second postponing and same day as the premiere of Lil Twist's & Lil Chuckee's "Girl I Got You". The video was shot entirely with a green-screen and pays homage to Sin City and bases a more adult story of Who Framed Roger Rabbit. The video features Lil Wayne, Tyga & Nicki Minaj and also featured the others artists in Young Money at the time except for Drake, T-Streets.