Roswell International Air Center
|Roswell International Air Center|
|IATA: ROW – ICAO: KROW – FAA LID: ROW|
|Airport type||Public company|
|Owner||City of Roswell|
|Serves||Roswell, New Mexico|
|Elevation AMSL||3,671 ft / 1,118.9 m|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
Roswell International Air Center (RIAC) (IATA: ROW, ICAO: KROW, FAA LID: ROW), also known as Roswell Industrial Air Center, is a city-owned public-use airport located seven miles (11 km) south of the central business district of Roswell, a city in Chaves County, New Mexico, United States.
From 1941 to 1967, the facility was known as Roswell Army International Airfield during World War II, and Walker Air Force Base during the Cold War. At the time of its closure, it was the largest base of the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command. Roswell International Air Center was developed after the closure of Walker Air Force Base on June 30, 1967.
Walker AFB was named after General Kenneth Newton Walker, a native of Los Cerrillos, New Mexico. He was killed during a bombing mission over Rabaul, New Britain, Papua, New Guinea. on January 5, 1943. Though intercepted by enemy fighters, his group scored direct hits on nine Japanese ships. General Walker was last seen leaving the target area with one engine on fire and several fighters on his tail. For his actions, General Walker was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1943.
The base was renamed in his honor on January 13, 1948. Walker Hall, at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, home of the College of Aerospace Doctrine Research and Education, is also named after the general.
In 1966, the Air Force announced that Walker AFB would be closed. This was during a round of base closings and consolidations as the Defense Department struggled to pay the expenses of the Vietnam War within the budgetary limits set by Congress.
It is also known for the Roswell UFO incident, an event that supposedly happened on July 4, 1947. It is alleged that a "flying disk" crashed during a severe thunderstorm near RIAC at Corona, New Mexico.
The site was used for several years to launch stratospheric balloons for Air Force projects.
The site is the storage facility for many of American Airlines' retired Airbus A300-600R wide body jetliners.
On April 2, 2011, a Gulfstream G650 crashed shortly after takeoff from the airport during a test flight that was being conducted by the manufacturer of this large business jet, killing all four aboard.
Facilities and aircraft
- Runway 3/21: 13,001 × 150 ft. (3,963 × 46 m), Surface: asphalt/concrete
- Runway 17/35: 9,999 × 100 ft. (3,048 × 30 m), Surface: asphalt
For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2013, the airport had 53,030 aircraft operations, an average of 145 per day: 17% general aviation, 71% military, 11% air taxi and <1% scheduled commercial. At that time there were 34 aircraft based at this airport: 76% single-engine, 15% multi-engine, and 8% jet.
The data below lists annual total aircraft operations from 2009–2013 from the FAA's Air Traffic Activity System. The percent changes indicate an average of 5.11% in aircraft operations per year over the last 5 years.
|Calendar Year||Aircraft Operations||%|
Airline and destinations
|American Eagle||Dallas/Fort Worth|
Historically, Roswell was served by Trans-Texas Airways (TTa) which flew Douglas DC-9-10 jet service to Albuquerque, Dallas, Houston, Midland/Odessa and Santa Fe. TTa also operated Convair 600 turboprop flights from the airport to various destinations in New Mexico and Texas. TTa was then renamed Texas International Airlines which continued to serve Roswell with DC-9 jets and Convair 600 propjets. Texas International's DC-9 jet service from the airport included direct, no-change-of-plane flights to Dallas/Ft. Worth (DFW), Houston (IAH) and Los Angeles (LAX) as well as nonstop flights to Albuquerque (ABQ).
The RIAC is home to a plastic manufacturer; Novabus Inc. has a bus factory there; a candy manufacturer and the Roswell Municipal Airport. Eastern New Mexico University has a campus there, and aircraft repair and refurbishing companies have airliners stored onsite.
RIAC is the home of the New Mexico Rehabilitation Center.
The Boeing Company uses RIAC for braking performance testing of its aircraft, most recent was the testing of the BF Goodrich carbon brakes on the 737-900ER model. Also testing on brakes was performed on the new Boeing 787 Dreamliner.
- FAA Airport Master Record for ROW ( PDF), effective 2007-12-20
- "ASN Aircraft accident Gulfstream G650 N652GD Roswell International Air Center Airport, NM (ROW)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Watch Felix Baumgartner's Record-Setting Jump From 120,000 Feet Live Popular Science, 2012-10-14.
- "Air Traffic Activity System". Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- February 1, 1976 Official Airline Guide (OAG), North American edition
- Visit the official Walker Air Force Base Museum website.
- Roswell International Air Center at City of Roswell web site
- Historical record of stratospheric balloons launched there at StratoCat web site
- (PDF), effective November 13, 2014
- Resources for this airport: