Chaves County, New Mexico

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Chaves County, New Mexico
Chaves County New Mexico Court House west side.jpg
Seal of Chaves County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Chaves County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded February 25, 1889
Named for José Francisco Chaves
Seat Roswell
Largest city Roswell
Area
 • Total 6,075 sq mi (15,734 km2)
 • Land 6,071 sq mi (15,724 km2)
 • Water 4 sq mi (10 km2), 0.07%
Population
 • (2010) 65,645
 • Density 11/sq mi (4.17/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website co.chaves.nm.us

Chaves County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,645.[1] Its county seat is Roswell.[2] Chaves County was named for Colonel Jose Francisco Chaves, a military leader here during the U.S. Civil War and later in Navajo campaigns. Created by Territorial Legislature, Feb. 25, 1889, out of land from the county of Lincoln. The county's area comprises 6,071 sq mi, making it the fourth-largest county in the state.

Chaves County comprises the Roswell, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,075 square miles (15,734 km2), of which 6,065 square miles (15,708 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (0.07%) is water.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 16,850
1920 12,075 −28.3%
1930 19,549 61.9%
1940 23,980 22.7%
1950 40,605 69.3%
1960 57,649 42.0%
1970 43,335 −24.8%
1980 51,103 17.9%
1990 57,849 13.2%
2000 61,382 6.1%
2010 65,645 6.9%
Est. 2012 65,784 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[1]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 61,382 people, 22,561 households, and 16,085 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 25,647 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.95% White, 1.97% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 21.25% from other races, and 3.12% from two or more races. 43.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,561 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,513, and the median income for a family was $32,532. Males had a median income of $26,896 versus $21,205 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,990. About 17.60% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Localities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Other localities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Chaves County is a Republican stronghold. No Democratic candidate has won office in Chaves County since Lyndon Johnson's landslide victory of 1964. Even in that election, Johnson took Chaves County by only 1.3 percent.[5]

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2008 61.7% 37.1% 1.2%
2004 68.1% 31.0% 0.9%
2000 62.7% 34.9% 1.7%
1996 53.9% 37.9% 6.9%
1992 46.9% 33.7% 19.0%
1988 65.8% 33.1% 1.0%
1984 73.4% 25.7% 1.0%
1980 67.2% 28.8% 1.1%
1976 59.3% 39.8% 0.9%
1972 70.9% 26.5% 2.6%
1968 63.6% 25.9% 0.3%
1964 49.2% 50.5% 0.3%
1960 59.1% 40.4% 0.6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/index.html

Coordinates: 33°22′N 104°28′W / 33.36°N 104.47°W / 33.36; -104.47