Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport

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Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
DFWLOGOTAGLINE.svg
Dallas - Fort Worth International Airport.jpg
IATA: DFWICAO: KDFWFAA LID: DFW
WMO: 72259
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Dallas

City of Fort Worth

Operator DFW Airport Board
Serves Dallas–Fort Worth
Location Coppell, Euless, Grapevine, and Irving
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 607 ft / 185 m
Coordinates 32°53′49″N 097°02′17″W / 32.89694°N 97.03806°W / 32.89694; -97.03806Coordinates: 32°53′49″N 097°02′17″W / 32.89694°N 97.03806°W / 32.89694; -97.03806
Website www.dfwairport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
DFW is located in Texas
DFW
DFW
Location within Texas
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13L/31R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
13R/31L 9,301 2,834 Concrete
17C/35C 13,401 4,085 Concrete
17L/35R 8,500 2,590 Concrete
17R/35L 13,401 4,085 Concrete
18L/36R 13,400 4,085 Concrete
18R/36L 13,400 4,085 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 158 48 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 60,470,507 (9th) (+3.2)
Aircraft operations 678,059 (3rd) (+4.3)
Economic impact (2012) $16.8 billion[1]
Social impact (2012) 157 thousand[1]
Sources: Airports Council International[2]

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFWICAO: KDFWFAA LID: DFW) is the primary international airport serving the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the largest hub for American Airlines, which is headquartered near the airport.

DFW has a total area of 17,207 acres (69.63 km2),[3] making it the largest airport in Texas and the second largest in the United States (behind Denver International Airport). It is the third busiest airport in the world[2] by aircraft movements, and the ninth busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic.[4] It is the tenth busiest international gateway in the United States and second busiest in Texas (behind Houston Intercontinental).[5]

DFW is located in the cities of Irving, Euless, Grapevine, and Coppell, between the major cities of Dallas and Fort Worth.[4] It has its own post office ZIP code and United States Postal Service city designation ("DFW Airport, TX"), as well as its own police, fire protection, and emergency medical services.[6] The members of the airport's board of directors are appointed by the "owner cities" of Dallas and Fort Worth, with a non-voting member chosen from the airport's four neighboring cities on a rotating basis.

As of January 2014, DFW Airport had service to a total of 205 destinations, including 56 international and 148 U.S. domestic destinations.[7] With the addition of nonstop flights to Doha by Qatar Airways on July 1, 2014, DFW will serve 206 total destinations including 57 international destinations.[8] In surpassing 200 total destinations, DFW joined a select group of airports worldwide with that distinction, including Frankfurt, Amsterdam Schiphol, Paris Charles De Gaulle, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta, Chicago O'Hare, Munich, and Dubai.[9]

History

Planning

As early as 1927, before the area had an airport, Dallas proposed a joint airport with Fort Worth. Fort Worth declined the offer, and thus the two cities opened their own airports, Love Field and Meacham Field, which each had scheduled airline service.

In 1940 the Civil Aeronautics Administration earmarked $1.9 million for the construction of a Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport. American Airlines and Braniff Airways struck a deal with the city of Arlington to build an airport there, but the governments of Dallas and Fort Worth disagreed over its construction and the project was abandoned in 1942. After World War II, Fort Worth annexed the site and developed it into Amon Carter Field[10] with the help of American Airlines. In 1953 Fort Worth transferred its commercial flights from Meacham Field to the new airport, which was 12 miles (19 km) from Dallas Love Field. In 1960 Fort Worth purchased Amon Carter Field and renamed it Greater Southwest International Airport GSW in an attempt to compete with Dallas' airport, but GSW's traffic continued to decline relative to Dallas Love Field. By the mid-1960s Fort Worth was getting 1% of Texas air traffic while Dallas was getting 49%, which led to the virtual abandonment of GSW.

The joint airport proposal was revisited in 1961 after the FAA refused to invest more money in separate Dallas and Fort Worth airports. Although the Fort Worth airport was eventually abandoned, Dallas Love Field became congested and had no more room to expand. Following an order from the federal government in 1964 that they would unilaterally choose a site if both cities could not come to an agreement on a site, officials from the two cities finally agreed on a location for a new regional airport that was north of the abandoned GSW and almost equidistant from the two city centers. The land was purchased by both cities in 1966, and construction began in 1969.

Under the original 1967 airport design, DFW was to have pier-shaped terminals perpendicular to a central highway. In 1968, the design was revised to provide for semicircular terminals, which served to isolate loading and unloading areas from the central highway, and to provide additional room for parking in the middle of each semicircle.[11] There were a total of thirteen such terminals in the original airport plan, but only four were initially built.[12][13]

Opening and operations

DFW held an open house and dedication ceremony on September 20–22, 1973, which included the first landing of a supersonic Concorde in the United States, an Air France aircraft en route from Caracas to Paris.[11] The attendees at the airport's dedication included former Texas Governor John Connally, Transportation Secretary Claude Brinegar, U.S. Senator Lloyd Bentsen and Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe.[14] The airport opened for commercial service as Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport on January 13, 1974, at a cost of $700 million. The name change to Dallas/Fort Worth International did not occur until 1985.

At the time of its opening, DFW had four terminals, numbered 2W, 2E, 3E and 4E.[12] During its first year of operations, the airport was served by American Airlines, Braniff International Airways, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, Ozark Air Lines, Rio Airways and Texas International Airlines.[15] The Wright Amendment of 1979 banned long-distance flights from Love Field,[16] leaving Southwest Airlines as Love Field's only jet carrier.[17]

Braniff International Airways was a major operator at DFW in the airport's early years, operating a hub from Terminal 2W with international flights to South America and Mexico from 1974, London from 1978 and Europe and Asia from 1979, before ceasing all operations in 1982.[18] During the Braniff hub era, DFW was one of only four U.S. airports to have scheduled Concorde service; Braniff commenced scheduled Concorde service from Dallas to Washington from 1979 to 1980, using British Airways and Air France aircraft temporarily re-registered to Braniff while flying within the United States. British Airways later briefly flew Concorde to Dallas in 1988 as a substitute for its ordinarily scheduled DC-10 service.[11]

Following airline deregulation, American Airlines, which had already been one of the largest carriers serving the Dallas/Fort Worth area for many years, established its first hub at DFW on June 11, 1981.[19] American finished moving its headquarters from Grand Prairie, Texas to a building in Fort Worth located near DFW Airport on January 17, 1983; the airline began leasing the facility from the airport, which owns the facility.[20] By 1984, the American hub occupied most of Terminal 3E and part of Terminal 2E.[21] American's hub grew to fill all of Terminal 2E by 1991.[22] American also began long-haul international service from DFW, adding flights to London in 1982 and Tokyo in 1987.[23]

Delta Air Lines also built up a hub operation at DFW, which occupied most of Terminal 4E through the 1990s.[21][22] The Delta hub peaked around 1991, when Delta had a 35% market share at DFW; its share was halved by 2004, with many former mainline routes downgraded to more frequent regional jet service in 2003.[24] Delta finally closed its DFW hub in 2004 in a restructuring of the airline to avoid bankruptcy, cutting its DFW operation to only 21 flights a day from over 250, and redeploying aircraft to hubs in Cincinnati, Atlanta and Salt Lake City. Prior to the closure, Delta had a 17.3% market share at DFW.[25] After the closing of Delta's hub, DFW offered incentives to Southwest Airlines to relocate its service to DFW from Love Field, but Southwest, as in the past, chose to stay at Love Field.

Aerial view of DFW, prior to the construction of Terminal D

In 1989 the airport authority announced plans to rebuild the existing terminals and add two runways. After an environmental impact study was released the following year, the cities of Irving, Euless, and Grapevine sued the airport over its extension plans, a battle that was finally decided (in favor of the airport) by the US Supreme Court in 1994. The seventh runway opened in 1996. The 4 primary North-South runways (those closest to the terminals) were all lengthened from 11,388 feet (3,471 m) to their present length of 13,400 feet (4,084 m). The first, 17R/35L, was extended in 1996 (at the same time the new runway was constructed), and the other three (17C/35C, 18L/36R, and 18R/36L) were extended in 2005. DFW is now the only airport in the world with 4 serviceable paved runways longer than 4,000 metres (13,123 ft).

Terminal D, built for international flights, and Skylink, a modern bidirectional people mover system, opened in 2005.[26][27]

From 2004 to 2012, DFW was one of two US Army "Personnel Assistance Points" which received US troops returning from wars in Iraq and Afghanistan for rest and recuperation. This ended on March 14, 2012 and Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport became the sole Personnel Assistance Point.[28]

Terminals

A terminal map of Dallas/Fort Worth Airport
A passenger footbridge at terminal D.

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport has five terminals totaling 165 gates.[29] The airport is designed with expansion in mind, and can theoretically accommodate up to thirteen terminals totaling 260 gates, although this level of expansion is unlikely to be reached in the foreseeable future. The initial four terminals were designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum and Brodsky, Hopf & Adler.[30]

The terminals at DFW are semicircular (except for the newest terminal, Terminal D, which is a "square U" shape) and built around the airport's central north-south arterial road, Spur 97, also known as "International Parkway." Until the late 1990s, they were designated by a number (2 being northernmost, 4 being southernmost) and a letter suffix ("E" for East, "W" for West). This system was later scrapped, and the terminals are now lettered from A to E. Terminals A, C, and E (from north to south) are on the east side of the airport, while Terminals B and D (from north to south) are on the west side.

DFW's terminals are designed to minimize the distance between a passenger's car and airplane as well as reduce traffic around terminals. A consequence of this layout is that connecting passengers had to walk extremely long distances between gates (in order to walk from one end of the semicircular concourse to the other, one must walk the entire length; there were no shortcuts between the ends). The original people mover train (Airtrans APM, later the American Airlines TrAAin) which opened with the airport was notoriously slow (17 mph (27 km/h)), uni-directional (running only in a counter-clockwise direction), and was located outside the secured area (thus requiring travelers to go through the security process again). It was replaced by SkyLink in April 2005 after serving approximately 250 million passengers.[31] Skylink serves all five terminals at a considerably higher speed (up to 35 mph (56 km/h)), is bi-directional, and is located inside the secured area.[27]

DFW Airport is undergoing a $1.9 billion "Terminal Renewal and Improvement Program" (TRIP), which encompasses renovations of Terminals A, B, C and E. Work on the project began following the conclusion of Super Bowl XLV in February 2011. Terminal A was the first terminal to undergo these renovations. Gates A6-A16 were completed in April 2013, the whole terminal should be completed sometime in 2015, and the entire TRIP project should be complete by the end of 2017.[32]

On April 3, 2014 DFW Airport director Sean Donohue announced that Emirates Airlines would upgrade their service from the Boeing 777-200LR to the Airbus A380 from October 1, 2014.[33][34] On May 7, 2014 QANTAS announced an upgrade to A380 service beginning September 29, 2014.[35] The airport is making accommodations at D15 and D16.

Terminal A

Numerous American Airlines aircraft at the airport in 2005

American Airlines and its regional affiliate American Eagle have a large presence at Dallas/Fort Worth. The world's largest airline, as of December 9, 2013, operates its largest hub at DFW. The two airlines operate at four of the five terminals at the airport. Terminal A, previously called "Terminal 2E" when the airport was first opened, is fully occupied by American Airlines for domestic flights. Prior to the opening of Terminal D, Terminal A operated most of AA's international flights at the airport. During the late 1990s, many American Eagle flights began moving to Terminal B. Before Terminal D was opened, American Eagle flights also used a satellite terminal (named Satellite Terminal A2) near Terminal A due to gate restraints. Passengers were taken to the satellite via shuttle buses from gate A6. Satellite Terminal A2 (Gates A2A–A2N) was abandoned in 2005 when American Eagle moved all flights to Terminals B and D.

Terminal A and its parking garage has been undergoing renovation, in phases, with the first phase now complete.

An American Airlines Admirals Club is located at Gate A24.

Terminal A has 31 gates: A6–A26, A28–A29, A33–A39.

Terminal B

This terminal was originally called "Terminal 2W" when the airport first opened. It was formerly occupied by Braniff International Airways which was the largest carrier to open DFW in 1974. Braniff Airways was its main occupant until May 1982. An "Inter-Faith" Chapel near United's former gates commemorates the airline. American Eagle occupies all gates at Terminal B. AirTran Airways, Frontier Airlines, Midwest Airlines and US Airways (including the former America West Airlines) relocated to Terminal E in 2006. On December 13, 2009, United moved to Terminal E to join its new Alliance (and later Merger) partner – Continental. At that point American Eagle became the sole operator in Terminal B. Prior to the opening of Terminal D, all foreign flag carriers operated from this terminal.

Along with the TRIP improvements, a new 10-gate stinger concourse off of Terminal B was constructed between gates B28 and B33 to accommodate growth.[36]

An American Airlines Admirals Club is located at Gate B5.

Terminal B has 49 gates: B1-B3 (FIS optional), B4-B29, B30-B39 (North Stinger), B40-B49.

Terminal C

American Airlines operates all the gates at Terminal C, originally called "Terminal 3E," for only domestic flights. A Hyatt Regency hotel is directly adjacent to this terminal.[37] A twin hotel building formerly stood across International Parkway, but was demolished for the construction of Terminal D.[38]

An American Airlines Admirals Club is located at Gate C20.

Terminal C has 31 gates: C2–C4, C6–C8, C10–C12, C14–C17, C19–C22, C24–C33, C35–C37, and C39.

International Terminal D

International Terminal D and the Grand Hyatt DFW Hotel

International Terminal D is a 2,000,000 sq ft (186,000 m2) facility capable of handling 32,000 passengers daily or 11.7 million passengers annually. The terminal features 200 ticketing positions and a federal inspection facility capable of processing 2,800 passengers per hour. The concession areas consist of 100,000 sq ft (9,290 m2) of retail, including many dining and retail options. Stores include Mont Blanc, La Bodega Wines, Brookstone, L'Occitane and many others. The terminal was designed by HKS, HNTB and Corgan Associates, with Austin Commercial serving as Construction Manager at Risk, L.A. Fuess Partners, Campbell and Associates, and Walter P. Moore serving as structural engineers, and Friberg Associates, Inc., Carter/Burgess, LopezGarcia Group, and DFW Consulting Group serving as mechanical electrical and plumbing engineers.[39] It officially opened on July 23, 2005.[40]

The 298-room Grand Hyatt DFW Hotel is directly connected to the terminal. Under the Airport Access Authorization to Commercial Establishments Beyond the Screen Checkpoint (AAACE) program, overnight guests at the hotel who are not flying can obtain a pass to enter the concourses to visit shops and restaurants, subject to screening by a law enforcement officer and an identity check against the government's no-fly list. Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport is the only other airport participating in this program.[41]

The eight-level parking garage has over 8,100 parking spaces and uses a Smart Technology System that lets guests know which floors are full. Air-conditioned skybridges with moving walkways and elevators connect the garage to the terminal, and an arrivals canopy roof shields pedestrians from inclement weather as they enter and exit the terminal.

An American Airlines Admirals Club is located at Gate D24. A British Airways Lounge, a Korean Air Lounge, a Lufthansa Air Lounge, and a QANTAS Business Lounge is located at Gate D21. An American Express Centurion Lounge is located at D17.

Terminal D has 29 gates: D6–D8, D10–D12, D14–D18, D20–D25, D27–D31, D33–D34, D36–D40.

Terminal E

Terminal E, originally called Terminal 4E, was occupied primarily by Delta Air Lines until Delta closed its hub in 2005 and retained only flights to its other hubs. Delta branded the terminal "Easy Street" and marketed this term to passengers.[42] Today the terminal is used by all U.S.-based carriers at the airport other than American and Sun Country as well as Air Canada Express and Westjet Pre-Custom Clearance flights from Canada.

It had customs facilities that were used when Delta operated flights to Frankfurt in the early 1990s, and when Air France and Aeroméxico used to serve DFW before the International Terminal D was constructed. In the 2000s, SkyTeam partner airlines Continental and Northwest moved to gates adjacent to Delta.

Terminal E is distinctive in that it has a satellite terminal connected by an underground walkway. The satellite, previously used by Delta and later used by Delta Connection carriers, was closed when Delta closed their DFW hub in 2005. It was briefly used in 2009 to house federal workers who evacuated New Orleans International Airport during Hurricane Gustav, and was refurbished and reopened in 2013 to house US Airways and Spirit Airlines while Terminal E was renovated.[43][44] Terminal E is connected to the other terminals by SkyLink, but lacks a walkway to the other terminals.

A Delta SkyClub is located at Gate E10 and a United Club is located at Gate E7.

Terminal E has 35 gates: E2, E4-E18, E20-E21, E22-E30 (Satellite Terminal), E31-E38.

Terminal F (future)

SkyLink over Terminal E and future site of Terminal F.
Terminal D, occupied by a Lufthansa A330 and a Qantas Boeing 747-400.
Airport's Terminal D.
Airport's Terminal E.
Airport's Terminal E.
American Airlines MD80 at Terminal D.
Terminal D's inside.
Terminal D's inside.

A sixth terminal, to be known as Terminal F, would be located directly south of Terminal D and across International Parkway from Terminal E, in what is currently the Express South parking lot. Skylink was designed and built to accommodate the eventual Terminal F,[45] as the track follows a roughly semicircular path over the parking lot, similar to its path at the other terminals, instead of running in a straight line between Terminals D and E. DFW Airport CEO Sean Donohue has said that Terminal F "will likely be in our future," as the airport anticipates "serving almost 70 million customers annually by the end of the decade from the 60 million we serve today."[46] Donohue also stated that planning would begin in 2015.[47]

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroméxico Connect Mexico City D
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson E
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma E
American Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Birmingham (AL), Boston, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbus (OH), Corpus Christi, Dayton, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, Eagle/Vail, El Paso, Fayetteville (AR), Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Fresno, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kahului, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Lubbock, McAllen, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Palm Springs, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Richmond, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, Tucson, Tulsa, Washington-Dulles, Washington-National, West Palm Beach, Wichita
Seasonal: Anchorage, Gunnison/Crested Butte, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Houston-Hobby, Jackson Hole, Pensacola
A, C, D
American Airlines Belize City, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Calgary, Cancún, Cozumel, Edmonton, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hong Kong, León/Del Bajío, Liberia (CR), Lima, London–Heathrow, Madrid, Mexico City, Monterrey, Montréal-Trudeau, Montego Bay, Nassau, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Panama City, Puerto Vallarta, Rio de Janeiro-Galeao, Roatan, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Salvador, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Caracas, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Providenciales
D
American Eagle Abilene, Alexandria, Amarillo, Baton Rouge, Birmingham (AL), Bismarck (begins October 2, 2014), Bloomington/Normal, Brownsville, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (WV), Champaign/Urbana, Charleston (SC), Chattanooga, Cincinnati, Cleveland, College Station, Columbia (MO), Columbia (SC), Corpus Christi, Dayton, Des Moines, Durango (CO), Evansville, Fargo, Fayetteville (AR), Fort Smith, Fort Walton Beach, Fort Wayne, Garden City, Grand Island, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Gulfport/Biloxi, Houston-Hobby, Huntsville, Jackson (MS), Joplin, Killeen/Fort Hood, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Laredo, Lawton, Lexington, Little Rock, Longview, Louisville, Lubbock, Madison, Manhattan (KS), Midland-Odessa, Milwaukee, Mobile, Moline/Quad Cities, Monroe, Montgomery, Montrose/Telluride, Oklahoma City, Pensacola, Peoria, Rapid City, Roswell, San Angelo, Santa Fe, Savannah, Shreveport, Sioux Falls, Springfield (IL), Springfield/Branson, Tallahassee, Texarkana, Tulsa, Tyler, Valaparaiso, Waco, Wichita, Wichita Falls
Seasonal: Aspen, Montrose
B, D
American Eagle Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Guadalajara, León/Del Bajío, Mazatlán, Morelia, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosí, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Zacatecas D
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador D
Boutique Air Clovis (NM)[48] Corporate
Aviation
British Airways London–Heathrow D
Cayman Airways Seasonal: Grand Cayman D
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City E
Delta Connection Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Los Angeles (begins November 3, 2014), Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Salt Lake City E
Emirates Dubai-International D
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi (begins December 3, 2014)[49] D
Frontier Airlines Cleveland (begins August 15, 2014),[50] Denver E
JetBlue Airways Boston E
KLM Seasonal: Amsterdam D
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon D
Lufthansa Frankfurt D
Qantas Brisbane1 (ends September 29, 2014),[51] Sydney D
Qatar Airways Doha-Hamad D
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Kansas City (begins August 7, 2014),[52] Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Oakland, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Diego, Tampa
Seasonal: Boston, Fort Myers, Myrtle Beach, Portland (OR)
E
Spirit Airlines International Arrivals Cancun, San Jose Del Cabo D
Sun Country Airlines Cancún, Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Cozumel, Harlingen, Liberia (CR), Montego Bay, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana
D
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles E
United Express Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles E
US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix E
Virgin America Los Angeles, San Francisco (all ending October 12, 2014)[53][54] E
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary E
Note
  • ^1 Qantas from DFW to Sydney stops at Brisbane due to wind, fuel and range restrictions. The flight from Sydney to DFW is nonstop. Qantas will cease all Brisbane flights on September 29 after they switch to a longer range Airbus A380-800.

Statistics

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from DFW (May 2013 – May 2014)[55]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Los Angeles 1,143,000 American, Spirit, United, Virgin America
2 Chicago (ORD) 913,000 American, Spirit, United
3 Atlanta 880,000 American, Delta, Spirit
4 Denver 814,000 American, Frontier, Spirit, United
5 San Francisco 705,000 American, United, Virgin America
6 New York (LGA) 704,000 American, Delta, Spirit
7 Las Vegas 651,000 American, Spirit
8 Phoenix 639,000 American, Spirit, US Airways
9 Charlotte, NC 599,000 American, US Airways
10 Austin, Texas 582,000 American
Busiest international routes from DFW (January 2013 – December 2013)[56]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 London (Heathrow) 738,684 American, British Airways
2 Cancun 731,664 American, Sun Country
3 Mexico City 433,356 Aero Mexico, American
4 Tokyo (Narita) 326,364 American
5 Frankfurt, Germany 280,140 American, Lufthansa
6 Monterrey, Mexico 247,644 American
7 Los Cabos 235,920 American
8 Seoul, South Korea 222,930 American, Korean Air
9 Toronto 205,800 Air Canada, American
10 Sydney/Brisbane 195,396 QANTAS
11 Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 190,620 American
12 Vancouver 185,196 American
13 Dubai 179,832 Emirates
14 Paris (CDG) 132,290 American
15 Madrid, Spain 128,799 American

Cargo

With 578,906 tons of cargo handled in 2009, DFW was then the world's 29th busiest cargo airport.[57]

In 2010 DFW International Airport earned the distinction of "Best cargo airport in North America 2010" from Air Cargo World, the air freight's industry's leading publication.[58]

In 2013 Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport handled almost sixty-five percent of all aircraft cargo in Texas.[59] Asia accounts for half of all cargo and Europe accounts for 30% of the cargo at DFW.[59]

On May 15, 2014 Ameriflight announced it would relocate its headquarters from Bob Hope Burbank Airport to Dallas Fort Worth International Airport to better serve its customers in North and South America.[60]

Cargo carriers

List of Cargo Carriers serving DFW:

Ground transportation

Within airport

  • The current people mover system, named Skylink, opened on May 21, 2005 and is the world's largest high-speed airport train system. Totally automated, Skylink trains run every two minutes,[62] and travel at speeds up to 35 mph (56 km/h). Skylink is double-tracked, permitting bi-directional operations. The Skylink system was acquired from Bombardier Transportation and connects all terminals on the secure side.
Skylink replaced the original Airtrans system (part of which was later operated as American Airlines' TrAAin System), a state-of-the-art people mover at the time of the airport's opening. It served the airport for 31 years from 1974–2005 and transported a quarter of a billion passengers between DFW's four terminals and employee facilities, logging a total of 97,000,000 miles (156,000,000 km) on its fleet. Over time, its top speed of 17 mph (27 km/h) and uni-directional guideway made it impractical for connecting passenger transfers. The system was decommissioned soon after Skylink opened as a modern replacement; the old guideways were left in place throughout the airport.[31]
  • Terminal Link connects all terminals with a shuttle bus system on the non-secure side.[63]

To and from airport

Nearby highways

The DFW Airport Area is served by the International Parkway (partially State Highway 97 Spur), which runs through the center of the airport, connecting to the Airport Freeway (State Highway 183) on the southern side of the airport and the John W. Carpenter Freeway (State Highway 114). The International Parkway continues north of State Highway 114 carrying the State Highway 121 designation for a short while until its interchange with the Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway (I-635), where State Highway 121 continues north as the Sam Rayburn Tollway. IH 35 E is easily accessible by going north on the International Parkway.

Founders Plaza

DFW Founders Plaza
Type Observation Plaza
Location DFW Airport
Coordinates 32°55′07″N 97°03′32″W / 32.918705°N 97.05901°W / 32.918705; -97.05901 (DFW Founders Plaza)
Area 6 acres (2.4 ha)
Created 1995 (1995)
Operated by DFW Airport
Open All year
Website http://www.dfwairport.com/founders/index.php
DFW Founders Plaza Monument

In 1995 the airport opened Founders Plaza, an observation park dedicated to the founders of DFW Airport. The site offered a panoramic view on the south end of the airport and hosted several significant events including an employee memorial the day after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and the airport's 30th anniversary celebration in 2004.[67] As part of the perimeter taxiway project, Founders Plaza was closed in 2007 and moved to a new location surrounding a 50-foot (15 m)-tall beacon on the north side of the airport in 2008. The 6-acre (2.4 ha) plaza features a granite monument and sculpture, post-mounted binoculars, piped-in voices of air traffic controllers and shade pavilions. In 2010 a memorial honoring Delta Air Lines Flight 191 was dedicated at the plaza.[68]

Other facilities

The facility at 1639 West 23rd Street is located on the airport property and in the City of Grapevine.[69][70][71] Tenants include China Airlines,[72] Lufthansa Cargo,[73] and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[74]

The DFW Airport Department of Public Safety provides the airport with its own police, fire protection, and emergency medical services.[1]

Incidents and accidents

Airport operations

The following occurred at the airfield itself, immediately after takeoff, during the final landing approach, and/or during an attempted go-around:

  • On August 2, 1985, Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 on a Fort Lauderdale–Dallas/Fort Worth–Los Angeles route, crashed on the north end of runway 17R after encountering a severe microburst on final approach; the crash killed 8 of 11 crew members, 128 of 152 passengers on board, and one person on the ground.
  • March 24, 1987: The pilot of a Metroflight Convair CV-580, registration number N73107, operating for American Eagle Airlines on a commuter flight bound for Longview, Texas, lost directional control during a crosswind takeoff. The left-hand wing and propeller struck the runway and the nose landing gear collapsed as the craft slid off the runway and onto an adjacent taxiway; 8 passengers and 3 crew aboard the airliner suffered minor or no injuries. The crash was attributed to the pilot's decision to disregard wind information and take off in weather conditions that exceeded the rated capabilities of the aircraft; the pilot's "overconfidence in [his/her] personal ability" was cited as a contributing factor in the accident report.[75][76]
  • May 21, 1988: An American Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration number N136AA, operating as AA Flight 70 bound for Frankfurt, overran Runway 35L after automatic warning signals prompted the flight crew to attempt a rejected takeoff; the jetliner continued to accelerate for several seconds before slowing, and did not stop until it had run 1,100 feet (335 m) past the runway threshold, collapsing the nose landing gear. 2 crew were seriously injured and the remaining 12 crew and 240 passengers escaped safely; the aircraft was severely damaged and was written off. Investigators attributed the overrun to a shortcoming in the design standards that were used when the DC-10 was built; there had been no requirement to test whether partially worn (as opposed to brand-new) brake pads were capable of stopping the aircraft during a rejected takeoff, and 8 of the 10 worn pad sets on N136AA had failed.[77][78]
  • August 31, 1988: Delta Air Lines Flight 1141, a Boeing 727 bound to Salt Lake City International Airport in Salt Lake City, Utah, crashed after takeoff from Dallas/Fort Worth Airport, killing 2 of 7 crew members, and 12 of 101 passengers on board.
  • April 14, 1993: The pilot of American Airlines Flight 102, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration number N139AA, lost directional control during a crosswind landing in rainy conditions and caused the jetliner to slide off Runway 17L after arriving from Honolulu, Hawaii. The craft dug into deep mud alongside the runway, collapsing the nose landing gear and tearing off the left-hand engine and much of the left wing. A fire in the left-hand wheel well was rapidly extinguished by firefighters who arrived almost immediately from the nearby DFW/DPS Fire Station. 2 passengers suffered serious injuries while using the evacuation slides to escape from the steeply tilted fuselage; the remaining 187 passengers and all 13 crew evacuated in relative safety, but the aircraft was a total loss.[79][80][81]
  • May 23, 2001: The right main landing gear of an American Airlines Fokker 100, registration number N1419D, operating as AA Flight 1107, collapsed upon landing on Runway 17C after a scheduled flight from Charlotte/Douglas International Airport. The pilot was able to maintain directional control and bring the aircraft to a stop on the runway. The incident was attributed to metal fatigue caused by a manufacturing flaw in the right main gear's outer cylinder; there were no serious injuries to the 88 passengers or 4 crew, but the aircraft was written off.[82][83]

Flights departing from or bound for Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport

The following did not occur near the airfield itself but involved flights originating from or bound for DFW International Airport:

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External links