Royal Birkdale Golf Club
Clubhouse in 2005
|Location||Southport, Merseyside, England|
|Tournaments hosted||The Open Championship,
Senior British Open
Women's British Open
|Designed by||Frederick G. Hawtree
|Length||6,817 yards (6,233 m)|
Royal Birkdale Golf Club is a golf course in the town of Southport, England, and is one of the clubs in the Open Championship rotation for both men and women. It has hosted the men's championship nine times, first in 1954 and most recently in July 2008. Previous winners of the Open at Royal Birkdale are Pádraig Harrington, Mark O'Meara, Ian Baker-Finch, Tom Watson, Johnny Miller, Lee Trevino, Arnold Palmer and Peter Thomson (twice). It is scheduled to host the women's tournament for a sixth time in 2014, and was the site of the Senior Open Championship in 2013.
Founded as Birkdale Golf Club in 1889, the club was awarded "Royal" status in 1951. Birkdale Golf Club moved to a new site in Birkdale Hills in 1894 and built a new distinctive art deco clubhouse in 1935. In 1946, the club hosted its first big championship in The Amateur Championship, won by Irishman James Bruen. During the immediate post-war era, the club also hosted the 1948 Curtis Cup and the 1951 Walker Cup, both won by the United States. With these successful stagings of important events, Royal Birkdale was felt to be ready for its first Open Championship in 1954 and the club has been on the Open rota ever since.
Three generations of the Hawtree family of golf course architects have worked on the course. Frederick G. Hawtree and champion golfer J.H. Taylor are the two people most responsible for the current routing, following the valleys between the very large dunes which dominate the property. The arrangement makes for excellent spectator conditions during major events. Frederick W. Hawtree, the son of Frederick G, performed some modifications in the 1960s and in 1993 Martin Hawtree, son of Frederick W., improved and modernised the layout further, with all 18 of the club's greens being completely rebuilt, to improve turf and drainage following the 1991 Open Championship. Only relatively minor tweaking, such as the addition of a few new bunkers and back tees, has been deemed necessary in advance of the last two Open Championships. The course was ranked as the 18th best in the world outside the United States, in the 2007 rankings by Golf Digest magazine.
During the 1960s, the club played host to two Ryder Cups, in 1965 and in 1969. The United States took the Cup in 1965 by the score of 19½–12½, but in 1969 the competition ended in a 16–16 tie when Jack Nicklaus generously conceded a short putt to Tony Jacklin to halve their match. As defending champions, the U.S. retained the trophy, not relinquished until 1985.
The Open Championship
|1954||Peter Thomson 1st||73||72||71||69||71||283 (–9)||750|
|1961||Arnold Palmer 1st||72||70||73||69||72||284 (–4)||1,400|
|1965||Peter Thomson 5th||73||74||68||72||71||285 (–7)||1,750|
|1971||Lee Trevino 1st||73||69||70||69||70||278 (–14)||5,500|
|1976||Johnny Miller||72||72||68||73||66||279 (–9)||7,500|
|1983||Tom Watson 5th||71||67||68||70||70||275 (–9)||40,000|
|1991||Ian Baker-Finch||70||71||71||64||66||272 (–8)||90,000|
|1998||Mark O'Meara||70||72||68||72||68||280 (E)PO||300,000|
|2008||Pádraig Harrington 2nd||70||74||68||72||69||283 (+3)||750,000|
- Note: For multiple winners of The Open Championship, superscript ordinal identifies which in their respective careers.
The Women’s British Open
Winners of the Women's British Open at Royal Birkdale.
|1982||Marta Figueras-Dotti (a)|
- Note: For multiple winners of the Women's British Open, superscript ordinal identifies which in their respective careers.
- Years in bold signify editions that were recognised as majors by the LPGA Tour (2001–present).
Since its inception in 1979, the Ladies European Tour (LET) has recognised the Women's British Open as a major.
Lengths of the course for previous Opens:
- "Royal Birkdale Golf Club - Club History". Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Hawtree Limited - Projects: Royal Birkdale Golf Course". Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Hawtree Limited - Royal Birkdale Golf Course". Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- British Open Preview 2008, by Ronald Whitten, Golf Digest magazine, July 2008.
- Golf Digest magazine, May 2007.
- "Scorecard". Royal Birkdale Golf Club. Retrieved July 17, 2012.
- "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. p. 203. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- "Palmer takes British crown". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. 16 July 1961. p. 1B.
- "Peter Thomson wins British Open with 283". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. 10 July 1954. p. 11.