Royal Birkdale Golf Club

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Royal Birkdale Golf Club
Royal Birkdale Golf Club - geograph.org.uk - 81329.jpg
Clubhouse in 2005
Club information
Location Southport, Merseyside, England
Established 1889 (1894)
Type Private
Total holes 18
Tournaments hosted The Open Championship,
The Amateur,
Senior British Open
Women's British Open
Website royalbirkdale.com
Designed by Frederick G. Hawtree
J.H. Taylor
Par 72
Length 6,817 yards (6,233 m)
Royal Birkdale Golf Club is located in Merseyside
Royal Birkdale Golf Club
Royal Birkdale Golf Club in Southport, Merseyside,
north of Liverpool, England

Royal Birkdale Golf Club is a golf course in the town of Southport, England, and is one of the clubs in the Open Championship rotation for both men and women. It has hosted the men's championship nine times, first in 1954 and most recently in July 2008. Previous winners of the Open at Royal Birkdale are Pádraig Harrington, Mark O'Meara, Ian Baker-Finch, Tom Watson, Johnny Miller, Lee Trevino, Arnold Palmer and Peter Thomson (twice). It is scheduled to host the women's tournament for a sixth time in 2014, and was the site of the Senior Open Championship in 2013.

Royal Birkdale has also hosted the Ryder Cup (1965, 1969), the Walker Cup (1951), and the Curtis Cup (1948).

History[edit]

Founded as Birkdale Golf Club in 1889, the club was awarded "Royal" status in 1951.[1] Birkdale Golf Club moved to a new site in Birkdale Hills in 1894[1] and built a new distinctive art deco clubhouse in 1935.[1] In 1946, the club hosted its first big championship in The Amateur Championship, won by Irishman James Bruen. During the immediate post-war era, the club also hosted the 1948 Curtis Cup and the 1951 Walker Cup, both won by the United States. With these successful stagings of important events, Royal Birkdale was felt to be ready for its first Open Championship in 1954 and the club has been on the Open rota ever since.

Three generations of the Hawtree family of golf course architects have worked on the course.[2] Frederick G. Hawtree and champion golfer J.H. Taylor are the two people most responsible for the current routing,[2] following the valleys between the very large dunes which dominate the property. The arrangement makes for excellent spectator conditions during major events. Frederick W. Hawtree, the son of Frederick G, performed some modifications in the 1960s and in 1993 Martin Hawtree, son of Frederick W., improved and modernised the layout further, with all 18 of the club's greens being completely rebuilt, to improve turf and drainage following the 1991 Open Championship.[3] Only relatively minor tweaking, such as the addition of a few new bunkers and back tees, has been deemed necessary in advance of the last two Open Championships.[4] The course was ranked as the 18th best in the world outside the United States, in the 2007 rankings by Golf Digest magazine.[5]

During the 1960s, the club played host to two Ryder Cups, in 1965 and in 1969. The United States took the Cup in 1965 by the score of 19½–12½, but in 1969 the competition ended in a 16–16 tie when Jack Nicklaus generously conceded a short putt to Tony Jacklin to halve their match. As defending champions, the U.S. retained the trophy, not relinquished until 1985.

The Open Championship[edit]

The Open Championship was first held at Royal Birkdale in 1954 and has hosted nine times. It is scheduled to return in 2017.

Year Winner Par Score Winner's
share (£)
R1 R2 R3 R4 Total
1954 Australia Peter Thomson 1st 73 72 71 69 71 283 (–9) 750
1961 United States Arnold Palmer 1st 72 70 73 69 72 284 (–4) 1,400
1965 Australia Peter Thomson 5th 73 74 68 72 71 285 (–7) 1,750
1971 United States Lee Trevino 1st 73 69 70 69 70 278 (–14) 5,500
1976 United States Johnny Miller 72 72 68 73 66 279 (–9) 7,500
1983 United States Tom Watson 5th 71 67 68 70 70 275 (–9) 40,000
1991 Australia Ian Baker-Finch 70 71 71 64 66 272 (–8) 90,000
1998 United States Mark O'Meara 70 72 68 72 68 280 (E)PO 300,000
2008 Republic of Ireland Pádraig Harrington 2nd 70 74 68 72 69 283 (+3) 750,000
2017 20–23 July
  • Note: For multiple winners of The Open Championship, superscript ordinal identifies which in their respective careers.

The Women’s British Open[edit]

Winners of the Women's British Open at Royal Birkdale.

Year Winner
1982 Spain Marta Figueras-Dotti (a)
1986 England Laura Davies
2000 Sweden Sophie Gustafson
2005 South Korea Jeong Jang
2010 Taiwan Yani Tseng1st
2014 10–13 July
Notes
  • Note: For multiple winners of the Women's British Open, superscript ordinal identifies which in their respective careers.
  • Years in bold signify editions that were recognised as majors by the LPGA Tour (2001–present).
    Since its inception in 1979, the Ladies European Tour (LET) has recognised the Women's British Open as a major.

Scorecard[edit]

Royal Birkdale Golf Club [6]
Tee Rating/Slope 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Out 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 In Total
2008 Open Championship 450 421 451 201 346 499 178 457 414 3417 408 436 184 499 201 544 439 572 473 3756 7173
Par Championship 4 4 4 3 4 4 3 4 4 34 4 4 3 4 3 5 4 5 4 36 70
Par Men's 4 4 4 3 4 5 3 4 4 35 4 4 3 4 3 5 4 5 5 37 72
White 450 418 406 200 343 488 177 413 410 3305 408 378 181 433 199 544 370 527 472 3512 6817
Yellow 430 397 373 179 316 475 140 398 400 3105 355 352 159 422 157 499 358 509 465 3276 6355
Women's 418 391 327 164 304 440 114 356 358 2872 358 317 145 422 137 392 293 452 441 2957 5829
Par Women's 5 4 4 3 4 5 3 4 4 36 4 4 3 5 3 5 4 5 5 38 74


Lengths of the course for previous Opens:[7]

  • 2008: 7,173 yards (6,559 m), par 70
  • 1998: 7,018 yards (6,417 m), par 70
  • 1991: 6,940 yards (6,350 m), par 70
  • 1983: 6,968 yards (6,372 m), par 71
  • 1976: 7,001 yards (6,402 m), par 72
  • 1971: 7,080 yards (6,470 m), par 73
  • 1965: 7,037 yards (6,435 m), par 73
  • 1961: 6,844 yards (6,258 m), par 72 [8]
  • 1954: 6,867 yards (6,279 m), par 73 [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Royal Birkdale Golf Club - Club History". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Hawtree Limited - Projects: Royal Birkdale Golf Course". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Hawtree Limited - Royal Birkdale Golf Course". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  4. ^ British Open Preview 2008, by Ronald Whitten, Golf Digest magazine, July 2008.
  5. ^ Golf Digest magazine, May 2007.
  6. ^ "Scorecard". Royal Birkdale Golf Club. Retrieved July 17, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. p. 203. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Palmer takes British crown". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. 16 July 1961. p. 1B. 
  9. ^ "Peter Thomson wins British Open with 283". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. 10 July 1954. p. 11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°37′19″N 3°01′59″W / 53.622°N 3.033°W / 53.622; -3.033