Pinehurst Resort

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Pinehurst Golf Resort
Pinehurst No. 2.JPG
Course No. 2 in 2009
Club information
Location Pinehurst, North Carolina
Established 1895
Type Private
Total holes 144
Website pinehurst.com
Course No. 1
Designed by Dr. Leroy Culver:
First Nine
John Dunn Tucker:
Second Nine
Par 70 (72W)
Length 6,089 yards (5,568 m)
Course rating 68.5
Slope rating 118
Course No. 2
Designed by Donald J. Ross
Par 70 (72)
Length 7,565 yards (6,917 m) [1]
Course rating 76.0
Slope rating 147 [2]
Course No. 3
Designed by Donald J. Ross
Par 70 (71W)
Length 5,678 yards (5,192 m)
Course rating 67.3
Slope rating 118
Course No. 4
Designed by Tom Fazio
Par 72
Length 7,117 yards (6,508 m)
Course rating 74.2
Slope rating 136
Course No. 5
Designed by Ellis Maples
Par 72
Length 6,848 yards (6,262 m)
Course rating 73.2
Slope rating 135
Course No. 6
Designed by George Fazio
Par 71
Length 6,990 yards (6,392 m)
Course rating 74.4
Slope rating 139
Course No. 7
Designed by Rees Jones
Par 72
Length 7,216 yards (6,598 m)
Course rating 75.5
Slope rating 143
Course No. 8
Designed by Tom Fazio
Par 72
Length 7,092 yards (6,485 m)
Course rating 74.1
Slope rating 138
Pinehurst Historic District
Photo of the Carolina Hotel, the largest and primary hotel on the Pinehurst Resort grounds
Location Pinehurst, North Carolina
Built 1895
Architect Olmsted, Frederick Law
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Queen Anne
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 73001361[3]
Added to NRHP August 14, 1973

Pinehurst Resort is a historic upmarket golf resort in the United States, located in Pinehurst, North Carolina. It has hosted a number of prestigious golf tournaments.

History[edit]

Pinehurst was founded by Boston soda fountain magnate James Walker Tufts. He purchased 5,500 acres (22 km2) for approximately $1.25 per acre in 1895, and opened the Holly Inn New Year's Eve of that year. The first golf course was laid out in 1897/98, and the first championship held at Pinehurst was the United North and South Amateur Championship of 1901. Pinehurst's best known course, "Pinehurst No. 2," was completed in 1907 to designs by Donald Ross, who became associated with Pinehurst for nearly half a century.

From 1902 to 1951, Pinehurst was the home of the North and South Open, which was one of the most prestigious golf tournaments in the United States at that time. Pinehurst is still home to the annual North and South Amateur Golf Championships, a series of tournaments which includes a Men's Championship inaugurated in 1901 and the Women's Championship that began two years later.

Pinehurst in 1901. The No. 1 course had square sand greens at that time. The No. 2 course converted from oiled sand greens to Bermuda turf in 1935.

The first PGA Tour major staged at Pinehurst was the PGA Championship in 1936, won by Denny Shute. In 1951, the resort hosted the Ryder Cup, and in 1991 and 1992 it was the venue for The Tour Championship. By 1996, Pinehurst was designated a National Historic Landmark by the U.S. Department of the Interior.

In 1999, Pinehurst staged its second major, the U.S. Open, won by Payne Stewart at the No. 2 course. The U.S. Open returned in 2005, won by New Zealand's Michael Campbell. In 2011, Pinehurst No. 2 completed a $2.5 million, year-long renovation led by Bill Coore and Ben Crenshaw. The goal was to revert the course back to the original Donald Ross design.[4]

In an unprecedented move, the USGA brought both the men's U.S. Open and the U.S. Women's Open to Pinehurst No. 2 in 2014. The U.S. Open was scheduled at its normal time, ending on the third Sunday in June (Father's Day), and the women played the following week.

The resort now has eight golf courses, three hotels, a spa and extensive sports and leisure facilities. It was ranked as the world's largest golf resort by the Guinness World Records before it was surpassed by Mission Hills Golf Club in China. The property’s old-growth longleaf pine trees are home to the federally endangered Red-cockaded Woodpecker.[5]

The No. 2 course is included in the Links and the Tiger Woods PGA Tour video game series; the No. 8 course is also available for the Links game.

Pinehurst was owned by the Tufts family until 1970, when it was sold to Malcom McLean. After the property was acquired by a set of banks in 1982, it was sold to Robert H. Dedman, Sr., founder of ClubCorp.[6] When the Dedman family sold ClubCorp, they retained Pinehurst.[7]

Major tournaments hosted[edit]

Year Tournament Winner Winner's
share ($)
1936 PGA Championship United States Denny Shute 1,000
1951 Ryder Cup  United States n/a
1999 U.S. Open United States Payne Stewart 625,000
2005 U.S. Open New Zealand Michael Campbell  1,170,000
2008 U.S. Amateur New Zealand Danny Lee n/a
2014 U.S. Open Germany Martin Kaymer 1,620,000
U.S. Women's Open United States Michelle Wie 720,000
  • All held at Course No. 2

Golf courses[edit]

Pinehurst Resort operates eight golf courses; the best known Course No. 2, opened in 1907. Designed by Donald Ross, it has hosted several major tournaments.

Pinehurst No. 2[edit]

Pinehurst No. 2 [1]
Tee Rating/Slope 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Out 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 In Total
U.S. Open 76.4 / 141 402 507 387 529 576 219 424 502 191 3737 617 483 484 382 473 202 528 205 451 3825 7562
Par U.S. Open 4 4 4 4 5 3 4 4 3 35 5 4 4 4 4 3 4 3 4 35 70
Blue 73.8 / 136 391 438 350 507 436 204 402 469 174 3371 580 453 418 375 438 183 511 186 415 3559 6930
White 70.7 / 130 376 411 330 471 425 178 385 440 148 3164 455 375 360 358 419 170 478 162 366 3143 6307
Green M:68.2/126 W:73.8/133 364 388 309 450 364 171 318 420 140 2924 436 355 334 327 347 153 436 153 357 2898 5822
Par Men's 4 4 4 5 4 3 4 5 3 36 5 4 4 4 4 3 5 3 4 36 72
Handicap 9 5 3 11 1 17 13 15 7 10 14 12 6 8 18 4 16 2
Red 70.2 / 129 338 340 283 434 274 117 311 400 124 2621 417 317 289 278 337 124 409 147 328 2646 5267

Championship croquet[edit]

Pinehurst is also the home of three championship croquet courts and a lawn bowling court. Players from around the country are attracted to this resort to play six wicket championship croquet. Mack Penwell is a US national champion, member of the United States Croquet Association hall of fame and, now retired, croquet professional at Pinehurst resort. Ron Lloyd took over as the croquet professional in 2004.

Controversy[edit]

In June 1999, National Public Radio reported that the Pinehurst Resort was using threats of trademark infringement lawsuits to prevent any businesses located in the area of Pinehurst village from using the term "Pinehurst" in their business names.[8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°11′22″N 79°28′04″W / 35.1895°N 79.4678°W / 35.1895; -79.4678