|Jmol-3D images||Image 1
|Molar mass||276.29 g mol−1|
|Related alkanoic acids|
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Saccharopine is an intermediate in the metabolism of amino acid lysine. It is a precursor of lysine in the alpha-aminoadipate pathway which occurs in a few lower fungi, the higher fungi, and euglenids. In mammals and higher plants saccharopine is an intermediate in the degradation of lysine, formed by condensation of lysine and alpha-ketoglutarate.
The reactions involved, catalysed by saccharopine dehydrogenases, are:
- lysine + alpha-ketoglutarate ⇌ saccharopine ⇌ glutamate + 2-aminoadipate 6-semialdehyde
Saccharopinuria (high amounts of saccharopine in the urine) and saccharopinemia (an excess of saccharopine in the blood) are conditions present in some inherited disorders of lysine degradation.
- "N-(5-AMINO-5-CARBOXYPENTYL)GLUTAMIC ACID - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 23 June 2005. Identification. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- Darling, S., and Larsen, P. O., Saccharopine, a new amino acid in Baker's and Brewer's yeast: I. Isolation and properties. Acta Chem. Scand., 15, 743 (1961).