Sargodha

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Sargodha
City
Mainentry Sargodha public school.jpg
Nickname(s): City of Eagles
Sargodha is located in Pakistan
Sargodha
Sargodha
Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Sargodha
Area
 • Total 5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population (1998)[1]
 • Total 458,440
 • Density 455/km2 (1,180/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 048
Number of towns 59
Number of union councils 22

Sargodha (Punjabi, Urdu: سرگودها‎) is a city and the administrative centre of Sargodha Division located in the Punjab province, Pakistan. Sargodha is the 14th most populated metropolitan area in Pakistan.

Sargodha is located in the north-east of Pakistan. It is known as Pakistan's best citrus-producing area[citation needed]. Sargodha is one of the few planned cities in Pakistan, the other being Gwadar, Jauharabad, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad and Islamabad[citation needed].

Pakistan's largest airbase, PAF Base Mushaf (formerly PAF Base Sargodha), is situated in Sargodha and hosts the headquarters of the Pakistan Air Force's Central Air Command.

History[edit]

The origins of this city are quite old but the proper town was established by the British in 1903.[2] Although it was a small town in the beginning, the British Royal Air Force built an airport here due to its strategic location.[3] It gained greater importance after the partition of Indian subcontinent as the newly formed Pakistan Air Force established one of its bases here.

During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, the city was a prime target for India, due to its close proximity to the border and the presence of an important air base here. In 1966, recognising the bravery of people of Sargodha, the Government of Pakistan awarded the city (along with Sialkot and Lahore) with Hilal-E-Istaqlal.

Geography[edit]

Sargodha is located 172 kilometres west of Lahore, in the Sargodha District. Sargodha is located roughly 94 km northwest of Faisalabad and connected by a road. Sargodha comprises flat plains although there are few small hills on the Sargodha-Faisalabad Road. The area is particularly fertile as it is located between rivers Jhelum and Chenab

Climate[edit]

The city has a climate of extreme heat in the summers and moderate cold in the winters. The maximum temperature reaches 50 °C (122 °F) in the summer while the minimum temperature recorded is as low as freezing point in the winter.

Climate data for Sargodha (1960–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
26
(79)
32
(90)
38
(100)
39
(102)
38
(100)
37
(99)
36
(97)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22
(72)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
15.5
(59.9)
19
(66)
25
(77)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
18.8
(65.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
36
(1.42)
24
(0.94)
13
(0.51)
17
(0.67)
48
(1.89)
82
(3.23)
87
(3.43)
43
(1.69)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
12
(0.47)
400
(15.74)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 4 5 4 3 3 7 7 4 1 1 1 45
Source: Weather2,[4]

Language[edit]

Majority of the people in the city speak Punjabi.[3] Urdu is the mother tongue of few people but being the national language of Pakistan, it is spoken and understood by most of the population. English is the official language and the sole medium of instruction from higher secondary level education.

Demographics[edit]

Total population of the city was 458,440[1] according to the 1998 census. Majority of the people are Muslims and of Punjabi ethnicity.

Administration[edit]

Sargodha is the capital of Sargodha Tehsil. As of October 2012, the division system in Punjab Province has been restored and Sargodha became the divisional headquarters of districts Sargodha, Khushab, Mianwali and Bhakkar. The city of Sargodha is administratively subdivided into 22 union councils.[5]

Economy[edit]

Sargodha is an agricultural as well as an industrial city. The vast and fertile fields in the region allow the farmers to cultivate a range of crops. Some of the main crops include wheat, rice, and sugar cane which are exported to the other cities as well as internationally. Citrus fruits, especially kinnows, and guavas are the main fruits grown in the region. Jamun, pear, dates, pomegranate, falsa and almonds are also cultivated here. Pakistan is the 6th largest producer of oranges in the world[citation needed]. Sargodha is famous for oranges which are exported around the world. Many different types of citrus fruits are cultivated here like Kinnow, Malta, Red Blood, Fruter and Mussami. Along with agriculture, the city has also seen development of many industries in the area including Sugar refineries and Textile mills.

Education[edit]

PAF Public School Sargodha Shahid

Sargodha is home to the University of Sargodha, University of Lahore (Sargodha Campus) and Allama Iqbal Open University,GOVT. COLLEGE OF COMMERCE SARGODHA which are offering a range of courses in multitude of fields. Sargodha Medical College is located just outside the city offering graduate as well as postgraduate education and training. A new 100 acre campus has been built recently to accommodate the increasing demand for medical education in the city. University College of Agriculture, a constituent college of University of Sargodha, is providing education and professional training in the field of Engineering, Agriculture and Animal Sciences.

Mushaf Air Base[edit]

Pakistan Air Force's PAF Base Mushaf is situated in Sargodha. The airbase is also home to the Combat Commanders School (CCS), formerly the Fighter Leader's School, an elite training facility for training Pakistan Air Force pilots in fighter tactics and weapons. Sargodha is also nicknamed the "City of Eagles" because of the air base located here.

Culture[edit]

Every year Mela Maweshian (a horse and cattle show) is held in the city. The festival also includes different sports like tent-peggind, volley ball and kabaddi.

Sports[edit]

Sargodha is home to the Sargodha Cricket Stadium.

Transportation[edit]

Sargodha lies about 30 miles from the M-2 motorway which connects Lahore and Islamabad. It is also connected to Faisalabad by a highway. Daewoo Bus Service drives regular routes from Sargodha to the rest of the country. Sargodha is also connected by the rest of the country through the rail. Sargodha Junction railway station is located on Shorkot-Lala Musa branch railway line.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]