Sargodha

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Sargodha
City of Eagles
Metropolitan City
Mainentry Sargodha public school.jpg
Nickname(s): California of Pakistan,City of Eagles
Sargodha is located in Pakistan
Sargodha
Sargodha
Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Sargodha
Established 1903
Government
 • Type City District
Area
 • Total 5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Elevation 102 m (501 ft)
Population (14th August 2014)[1]
 • Total 4,557,514
 • Rank 8th,Pakistan
 • Density 1,555/km2 (4,030/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 048
Number of towns 59
Number of union councils 22

Sargodha (Punjabi, Urdu: سرگودها‎) is a city and the administrative centre of the Sargodha Division located in the Punjab province, Pakistan.Sargodha is 8th largest city of Pakistan with the population of 4.557 million and is located in the north-east of the country.

History[edit]

The origins of this city are quite old but the proper town was established by the British in 1903.[2] Although it was a small town in the beginning, the British Royal Air Force built an airport here due to its strategic location.[3]

Geography[edit]

Sargodha is located 172 kilometres west of Lahore, in the Sargodha District. Sargodha is located roughly 94 km northwest of Faisalabad. Sargodha consists of flat plains although there are few small hills on the Sargodha-Faisalabad Road.[citation needed]Sargodha is located 1272 km north of Karachi and 273 south of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.

Climate[edit]

The city has a climate of extreme heat in the summers and moderate cold in the winters. The maximum temperature reaches 50 °C (122 °F) in the summer while the minimum temperature recorded is as low as freezing point in the winter.

Climate data for Sargodha (1960–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
26
(79)
32
(90)
38
(100)
39
(102)
38
(100)
37
(99)
36
(97)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22
(72)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
15.5
(59.9)
19
(66)
25
(77)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
18.8
(65.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
36
(1.42)
24
(0.94)
13
(0.51)
17
(0.67)
48
(1.89)
82
(3.23)
87
(3.43)
43
(1.69)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
12
(0.47)
400
(15.74)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 4 5 4 3 3 7 7 4 1 1 1 45
Source: Weather2,[4]

Demographics[edit]

Total population of the city was 957,514[1] according to the 1998 census but now the population of Sargodha have risen to 4.557 million,47% of which is based on urban areas. Sargodha is one of cities which have heaviest pressure of population.

Administration[edit]

Sargodha is the capital of Sargodha Tehsil. As of October 2012, the division system in Punjab Province has been restored and Sargodha became the divisional headquarters of districts Sargodha, Khushab, Mianwali and Bhakkar. The city of Sargodha is administratively subdivided into 22 union councils.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Sargodha lies about 30 miles from the M-2 motorway which connects Lahore and Islamabad. It is also connected to Faisalabad by a highway. Daewoo Bus Service drives regular routes from Sargodha to the rest of the country.[citation needed] Sargodha is also connected by the rest of the country through the rail. Sargodha Junction railway station is located on Shorkot-Lala Musa branch railway line which is one of Pakistan largest railway station where a train left after every 3 hrs.Skyways Express,Niazi Express,Al-Sahabaz,Buraq Tours,Shalimar and other transportation companies also help the people of city to travel to the whole country.


Colleges and Universities[edit]

Universities[edit]

Colleges[edit]

  • Sargodha Medical College
  • Greenfield College
  • ACME College
  • Quaid-e-Azam Law College
  • Multan Law College
  • Toppers Law Institute
  • ILM College
  • Punjab College of Commerce
  • Iqra Girls College
  • Ambala College
  • Superior College
  • ITM College

Sports[edit]

Sargodha is home to the Sargodha National Cricket Stadium whose capacity is 15,000 and hosted its first match(PAK vs SRI) in 1992.

Mushaf Air Base[edit]

Pakistan's largest airbase, PAF Base Mushaf (formerly PAF Base Sargodha), is situated in Sargodha and hosts the headquarters of the Pakistan Air Force's Central Air Command. The airbase is also home to the Combat Commanders School (CCS), formerly the Fighter Leader's School.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]