Silvology (Latin, silva or sylva, "forests and woods"; and Ancient Greek: -λογία, -logia, "science of or study of") is the study of forests and woods, incorporating both the understanding of natural forest ecosystems and the design of silvicultural systems.
Silvology is seen as a single science for forestry and was first used by Roeloff Oldeman. It integrates the study of forests and forest ecology, dealing with single tree autecology and natural forest ecology.
Relationship with dendrology and other terms 
- Arboriculture is the management of individual trees.
- Dendrology is the study of woody plants, a branch of botany.
- Forestry is the management of forests and woods.
- Horticulture is the culture of plants.
- Silviculture concerns the culture of forests and woods.