South Korean presidential election, 2007

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Republic of Korea presidential election, 2007
South Korea
2002 ←
19 December 2007
→ 2012

  Sebastián Piñera - Lee Myung-bak (cropped).jpg Chungdongyoung1.jpg Lee Hoi-chang (2010).jpg
Nominee Lee Myung-bak Chung Dong-young Lee Hoi-chang
Party Grand National United New Democratic Independent
Popular vote 11,492,389 6,174,681 3,559,963
Percentage 48.7% 26.1% 15.1%

South Korean presidential election 2007.svg

provinces and cities majority won by

– Lee Myung-bak – Chung Dong-young – Lee Hoi-chang


President before election

Roh Moo-hyun
United New Democratic

Elected President

Lee Myung-bak
Grand National

Emblem of South Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea
Constitution

The 17th South Korean presidential election took place on 19 December 2007.[1] The election was won by Lee Myung-bak of the Grand National Party, returning conservatives to the Blue House for the first time in ten years. Lee defeated United New Democratic Party candidate Chung Dong-young and independent candidate Lee Hoi-chang by the largest margin since direct elections were reintroduced in 1987.[2] It also marked the first time a president-elect in Korea was under investigation by a prosecutor.[3] Voter turnout was 63.0%, an all-time low according to the National Election Commission.[4]

Official candidates[edit]

Candidate[5] Party Affiliated Notes
Chung Dong-young
(정동영)
United New Democratic Party 대통합민주신당
Lee Myung-bak
(이명박)
Grand National Party 한나라당
Kwon Young-ghil
(권영길)
Democratic Labour Party 민주노동당
Lee In-je
(이인제)
Democratic Party 민주당
Sim Dae-pyong
(심대평)
People First Party 국민중심당 withdrawal
Moon Kook-hyun
(문국현)
Creative Korea Party 창조한국당
Chung Kun-mo
(정근모)
True Owner Coalition 참주인 연합
Huh Kyung-young
(허경영)
Economic Republican Party 경제공화당
Chun Hwan
(전환)
New-era Elegant People's Union 새시대 참사람 연합
Geum Min
(금민)
Korea Socialist Party 한국사회당
Lee Soo-sung
(이수성)
People’s Coalition for Unity and Advance 화합과 도약을 위한 국민 연대 withdrawal
Lee Hoi-chang
(이회창)
Independent

Timeline[edit]

This list of dates are the major events managed by the NEC (National Election Commission).[6]

  • February 28, 2007 - The official census is published, for the purpose of finding eligible voters
  • April 23, 2007 - Beginning of pre registration of candidates.
  • November 21 to November 25, 2007 - The NEC compiles and publishes the electoral rolls.
  • November 25 and November 26, 2007 - Official period to register as a presidential candidate.
  • December 12 - Electoral rolls finalized
  • December 13 and December 14, 2007 - Absentee voting
  • December 19 (from 06:00-18:00 KST) - Polling held
  • December 20 - Votes are counted and results are announced

Liberal primaries[edit]

On this election, there were three liberal parties contested.

UNDP primary[edit]

Chung Dong-young was elected as the official candidate of the party on October 14, 2007.

Creative Korea Party primary[edit]

Democrats primary[edit]

  • Rule of presidential primary: the official result of this party's primary will combining the members' vote (50%), civil delegates (35%), and the result of opinion poll (15%) that conducted by phone on October 14, 2007.[7]
  • Candidates

Lee In-je was elected as the official presidential candidate of the party.

Conservative (GNP) primary[edit]

GNP primary consisted of opinion polling and popular vote (only party member could participate). The official result was announced on August 20, 2007, at 07:20 GMT, naming Lee Myung-bak the presidential candidate from the Hannara party.[8][9] Because Lee Myung-bak won the race with slight margin, there was controversy regarding the method primary election used(opinion poll). However, Park Geun-hye conceded her lost to Lee Myung-bak. Park Geun-hye declared her presidential candidacy in 2012 presidential election and won the primary.

Candidate Place Opinion Polling Result Electoral Vote Total Count
Lee Myung-bak Nominated 51.54%
(16,868)
49.06%
(64,216)
81,084
49.56%
Park Geun-hye 2nd 42.74%
(13,986)
49.39%
(64,648)
78,632
48.06%
Won Hee-ryong 3rd 3.30%
(1,079)
1.01%
(1,319)
2,398
1.47%
Hong Jun-pyo 4th 2.42%
(793)
0.54
(710)
1,503
0.92%
32,726 130,893 103,118

1997 and 2002 presidential candidate for GNP, Lee Hoi-chang had announced his candidacy on November 7, 2007 as an independent, not joining GNP primary.

Progressive (DLP) primary[edit]

Voting method[edit]

  • Online voting: All members of this party can log on to the official homepage to cast their vote. Confirmation process by cell phone is needed.
  • Off-line voting: There are 227 voting stations around the nation. Voters can cast their vote from 09:00 to 22:00 (Considering more than 70% of the members' convenience, which are regular salaried-class people).
  • Number of party members who can cast their vote: 50,117.[10]

Candidates[edit]

1st round[edit]

The official results of the first round, as announced on September 9, 2007, at 07:30 GMT, were:

No candidate received a majority of the votes, so a second round of the presidential primary was scheduled from September 10 to September 15.[11]

Final (2nd) round[edit]

As a result, the official presidential candidate of Democratic Labour Party: Kwon Young-ghil.

Exit polls[edit]

The Exit poll was announced at 18:00 on election day. (As voting time was over)
It expected Lee Myung-bak's absolute majority.[12]

Candidate Estimated Winner Estimated Percentage
Lee Myung-bak Certain 50.3%
Chung Dong-young 2nd 26.0%
Lee Hoi-chang 3rd 13.5%

Final result[edit]

e • d Summary of the 19 December 2007 South Korean presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Lee Myung-bak Grand National Party 11,492,389 48.7
 
Chung Dong-young United New Democratic Party 6,174,681 26.1
 
Lee Hoi-chang Independent 3,559,963 15.1
 
Moon Kook-hyun Creative Korea Party 1,375,498 5.8
 
Kwon Young-ghil Democratic Labor Party 712,121 3.0
 
Lee In-je Centrist Reformists Democratic Party 160,708 0.7
 
Huh Kyung-young Economic Republican Party 96,756 0.4
 
Geum Min Korea Socialist Party 18,223 0.1
 
Total (turnout 63.0%) 23,732,854 100.0
Source: NEC (National Election Commission)
regions · provinces · cities Sebastián Piñera - Lee Myung-bak (cropped).jpg Chungdongyoung1.jpg Lee Hoi-chang (2010).jpg
Lee Myung-bak
GNP
Chung Dong-young
UNDP
Lee Hoi-chang
Ind
Votes % Votes % Votes %
Sudogwon Seoul 2,689,162 (53.2%) 1,237,812 (24.5%) 596,226 (11.8%)
Incheon 593,283 (49.2%) 286,565 (23.8%) 183,057 (15.2%)
Gyeonggi 2,603,443 (51.9%) 1,181,936 (23.6%) 670,742 (13.4%)
Gangwon 376,004 (52.0%) 136,668 (18.9%) 127,102 (17.6%)
Chungcheong Daejeon 246,008 (36.3%) 159,700 (23.6%) 195,957 (28.9%)
Chungcheongbuk 289,499 (41.6%) 165,637 (23.8%) 162,750 (23.4%)
Chungcheongnam 313,693 (34.3%) 192,999 (21.1%) 304,259 (33.2%)
Honam
Jeolla
Gwangju 56,875 (8.6%) 527,588 (79.8%) 22,520 (3.4%)
Jeollabuk 86,149 (9.0%) 777,236 (81.6%) 34,630 (3.6%)
Jeollanam 88,834 (9.2%) 757,309 (78.7%) 34,790 (3.6%)
Yeongnam
Gyeongsang
Busan 1,018,715 (57.9%) 236,708 (13.5%) 346,319 (19.7%)
Ulsan 279,891 (54.0%) 70,736 (13.6%) 90,905 (17.5%)
Daegu 876,719 (69.4%) 75,932 (6.0%) 228,199 (18.1%)
Gyeongsangbuk 1,033,957 (72.6%) 96,822 (6.8%) 195,526 (13.7%)
Gyeongsangnam 843,662 (55.0%) 189,463 (12.4%) 329,486 (21.5%)
Jeju 96,495 (38.7%) 81,570 (32.7%) 37,495 (15.0%)

Other Information[edit]

On April 7, 2011, a National Intelligence Service agent was guilty of investigating Lee Myung-bak's secret real estate-related information before the election.[13]

According to Wikileaks, Yoo Chong-ha (유종하), the former co-chairman of Lee Myung-bak's presidential election campaign, requested to then American ambassador to South Korea, Alexander Vershbow, to delay the extraction of the main individual of the BBK embezzlement scandal, Christopher Kim (Kim Kyung-joon), to Korea on the request to prevent spreading controversies related to Lee Myung-bak's involvement in the BBK embezzlement scandal during the election season.[14][15][16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schedule of 17th presidential election (Hangul 2002 format)
  2. ^ Lee Myung-bak Elected President by a Landslide, The Chosun Ilbo, December 19, 2007. Retrieved on December 20, 2007.
  3. ^ President-Elect Faces Probe, The Korea Times, December 19, 2007. Retrieved December 20, 2007.
  4. ^ Kim, Ji-hyun (2007-12-19). "Lee Myung-bak cruises to landslide victory". The Korea Herald. 
  5. ^ List of Official Candidates
  6. ^ Timeline (detailed) of 2007 presidential election (Korean), the NEC, 2007
  7. ^ The method of 2007 presidential primary, the executives' committee of Democratic Party. Retrieved on August 29, 2007
  8. ^ "Lee Myeong-bak beats Park Geun-hye with a narrow margin". Joongang Daily (in Korean). August 20, 2007. .[dead link]
  9. ^ Kim Yeon-seok(김연석) (20 August 2007). "Lee Myung-bak wins GNP primary [이명박, 근소한 차 대선후보 확정]" (in Korean). Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  10. ^ First round of results from 3 division will be the dividing point (Korean), The Hankyoreh. Retrieved on August 22, 2007.
  11. ^ Kwon Young-ghil hasn't succeed to gain more than 50% of the vote (Korean), Ohmynews. Retrieved on September 9, 2007.
  12. ^ Lee Myung-bak cruises to landslide victory The Korea Herald, 17 December 2007
  13. ^ Im (임), Su-jeong (수정) (2011-04-07). "MB 부동산 소문 뒷조사 국정원 직원 징역형 (종합)". Yonhap News (in Korean). Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  14. ^ "07SEOUL3225, KIM KYUNG-JOON'S EXTRADITION CASE". Wikileaks. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  15. ^ "US embassy cable - 김경준 송환 사건" (in Korean). Wiki Leaks Korea. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  16. ^ Choi (최), Min-yeong (민영) (2011-09-03). ""BBK 김경준 송환 미뤄달라" 이명박 후보 측 미국에 요청". The Hankyoreh (in Korean). Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  17. ^ Mun (문), Yong-pil (용필) (2011-09-05). "위키리크스 MB실체 폭로…"사실상 매국" 경악". Newsface (in Korean). Retrieved 2011-12-17. 

External links[edit]