The Stawell Gift is Australia's oldest and richest short distance running race. It is run over every Easter weekend by the Stawell Athletic Club, with the main race finals on the holiday Monday, at Central Park, Stawell in the Grampian Mountains district of western Victoria.
The race is run on grass over 120 metres up a slight gradient. Competitors are handicapped according to their form, with each competitor 'marked' by between 0 m and 10 m to theoretically reach the finish line at the same time. This process is administered by the Victorian Athletic League (VAL). Due to the relatively short handicap limit, the class of runners that can potentially win the event is limited compared to other Gifts in Australia.
The winner is, hypothetically, the runner who can best 'rise to the occasion' and perform better than their previous form, although the key can often be to perform slightly below their best in lead-up events and thus receive a favourable handicap.
The first Stawell Gift was in 1878, as a fun race between miners at the end of the gold rush. It has been raced every year since, except for four years during the Second World War. Originally it was the townspeople putting together an entertainment package to happen over Easter, complete with 'special trains' to the event. Today it is the most prestigious footrace in Australia, with a $40,000AUD first prize. The event is sponsored by Australia Post and the finals are televised live around Australia.
The event was historically run over 130 yards (118.9 m). In 1973 the race converted to the metric system, and the distance was altered to 120 metres (131.2 yd), essentially an identical distance. Electronic timing was introduced in 1982 thus allowing higher precision in race results.
On Easter Saturday the heats are conducted, with the winner of each heat going through to the semi finals along with the next best fastest times. On Easter Monday the six semi finals are run approximately 2 hours before the final with semi final winners only advancing to the final. (Six semi finals were first run in 1988, before that there were only five semi finals.)
The Gift is run on a 120m grass track in front of the 100 year-old Stawell Grandstand, and the athletes run in lanes that are separated by lane ropes rather than painted lines.
The idea of the handicap system is that all runners would theoretically cross the line at the same time. The handicapper works out what mark or handicap the runner will have according to their previous performances in sprint events. Currently the most a runner may be handicapped is 10 metres, although this is occasionally increased to 11. Each metre in handicap denotes approximately a tenth of a second in time. Race winners are often those that are able to 'beat the handicapper', in that they need to perform well enough to qualify for the event and the finals, but below what they are truly capable of, so that they receive a handicap that gives them the best chance of a victory. The handicapping system often ends up pitting local runners against international professionals.
Winners of the Stawell Gift have been:
|Year||Runner||From||Handicap (yd/m)||Time (s)|
|1878||Millard, William J.||Condah, Victoria||3||12.75|
|1879||Grose, E.S.||Creswick, Victoria||6.5||13|
|1880||Witney, C.G.||Brighton, Victoria||7.5||12.7|
|1881||Rodgers, J.||Avoca, Victoria||9||12|
|1882||Parkinson, A.B.||Sale, Victoria||11||12.75|
|1883||Kinnear, R.||Dimboola, Victoria||14||12.5|
|1884||Smith, W.||Melbourne, Victoria||7.5||12|
|1885||Mummery, W.||Bowman's Forest, Victoria||10||12.25|
|1887||Brown, J.||Balmoral, Victoria||12||11.75|
|1888||Bingham, G.||Fitzroy, Victoria||10.5||11.75|
|1889||Skinner, E.S.||United States of America||9||12|
|1890||Midson, J.||Eaglehawk, Victoria||11||11.875|
|1891||Martin, H.||Maryborough, Victoria||13||11.75|
|1892||Heppner, A.||Port Melbourne, Victoria||12||12|
|1893||Hough, E.J.||Mudgee, New South Wales||12.5||11.5|
|1894||Breen, P.J.||Gippsland, Victoria||11||11.75|
|1895||Joy, W.E.||Dunolly, Victoria||5||12.25|
|1896||Nesbitt, R.G.||Adelaide, South Australia||11.5||12.5|
|1897||Stuckey, G.||North Melbourne, Victoria||12||12.2|
|1898||Lewis, J.S.||Euroa, Victoria||14||11.8|
|1899||Clarke, Norman C.||Roseberry, South Australia||14.5||11.8|
|1900||Strickland, D.||Menzies, Western Australia||10||12|
|1901||Kenny, E.T.||Woodend, Victoria||14||12|
|1902||Tredennick, A.E.||Malvern, Victoria||11.5||12.2|
|1903||Dew, H.||Adelaide, South Australia||12||12.2|
|1904||Flanagan, J.F.||East Melbourne, Victoria||12||12.2|
|1905||McKenzie, C.N.||Mount Gambier, South Australia||10.5||12|
|1906||Thompson, E.W.||Abbotsford, Victoria||10||12.2|
|1907||Knox, C.W.||Numurkah, Victoria||12.5||12.4|
|1908||King, Chris||Rutherglen, Victoria||12||11.8|
|1910||Tom Dancey||Toowoomba, Queensland||13||11.6|
|1911||Devine, D.H.||Stawell, Victoria||13||11.4|
|1912||Carter, E.E.||Kew, Victoria||11.5||12.2|
|1913||George, E.A.||North Melbourne, Victoria||12.5||12.2|
|1914||Robinson, W.||Maldon, Victoria||12||11.8|
|1915||Fleming, E.||Elphinstone, Victoria||10||11.4|
|1916||Cassidy, C.P.||South Melbourne, Victoria||13.25||12|
|1917||Swindells, F.C.||Moonee Ponds, Victoria||11.75||12.2|
|1918||Roach, A.||Melbourne, Victoria||14||12.6|
|1919||Evans, H.W.||Abbotsford, Victoria||10.5||12.2|
|1920||Cashmore, A.G.||Balliang, Victoria||7||12.4|
|1921||Jennings, L.J.||Parkville, Victoria||10.25||12.4|
|1922||Till, P.L.||Cobden, Victoria||10.5||11.7|
|1923||Curran, J.E.||Stawell, Victoria||9||12|
|1924||Twomey, Sr., William P.||Stawell, Victoria||8.5||12.1|
|1925||Banner, T.||Carthcart, Victoria||5||12.15625|
|1926||Allen, W.G.||Coburg, Victoria||9.5||12 4/16|
|1927||Miles, T.J.||Bundaberg, Queensland||10||12.0625|
|1928||Cooper, L.||Jeparit, Victoria||8||11.9375|
|1929||Hearne, C.H.||Tocumwal, New South Wales||10||11.9375|
|1930||Hodge, R.K.||Lakes Entrance, Victoria||11.75||11.8125|
|1931||Ralph, F.J.||Richmond, South Australia||9.5||11 14/16|
|1932||Barker, R.L.||Essendon, Victoria||11.75||12 2/16|
|1933||Heath, C.G.||Baileston East, Victoria||11||11 10/16|
|1934||Roberts, T.L.||Mulwala, New South Wales||9.75||11 9/16|
|1935||Bishop, M.M.||Port Pirie, South Australia||7.5||12|
|1936||McCann, R.C.||Castlemaine, Victoria||6.5||12 4/6|
|1937||Bradley, F.A.||Coolamon, New South Wales||10||12|
|1938||Grant, Jack W.||Geelong, Victoria||11.5||11 11/16|
|1939||Sprague, L.W.||Ballarat, Victoria||9.5||11 14/16|
|1940||Reid, A.J.||Port Augusta, South Australia||8.5||12 3/16|
|1941||Hutton, W.K.||Devonport, Tasmania||7.25||12 6/16|
|1942 - 1945||No race (WWII)|
|1946||Deane, T.V. (Tommy)||Wahring, Victoria||7||11 14/16|
|1947||Martin, Arthur C||Ballarat, Victoria||4.5||11 14/16|
|1948||Brudenall, T.F. (Tom)||Ballarat, Victoria||8||12 3/16|
|1949||Cann, J.E.||Broken Hill, New South Wales||8.25||11 15/16|
|1950||Trewick, W.K. (Ken)||Brisbane, Queensland||10||11 15/16|
|1951||Hutchinson, Gerald R.||Brighton, Victoria||8||11 13/16|
|1952||Mann, Lance G.||Albury, New South Wales||7.25||11 14/16|
|1953||Hart, Roy J.||Chelsea, Victoria||5.75||12|
|1954||Hayes, John K.||Rutherglen, Victoria||9||11 8/10|
|1955||O'Donnell, John D.||Preston, Victoria||8.75||12|
|1956||Williams, W.R. (Bill)||Altona, Victoria||12||11 8/10|
|1957||Carr, J.R. (Jack)||Bacchus Marsh, Victoria||10.5||11 8/10|
|1958||Durant, Malcolm||Ascot Vale, Victoria||8.5||11 8/10|
|1959||Treacey, George||Northcote, Victoria||11.25||11 8/10|
|1960||McCann, W.J. (Bill)||Dimboola, Victoria||6.75||11 8/10|
|1961||Savage, Colin||Nunawading, Victoria||6.25||12 2/10|
|1962||Beachley, L.N. (Noel)||Rosanna, Victoria||8.25||12 1/10|
|1963||Bell, A.J. (John).||Moonee Ponds, Victoria||12||12|
|1964||Hussey, Noel||Echuca, Victoria||8.5||12.1|
|1965||Cox, Bruce||Brighton, Victoria||7.5||12|
|1966||Howard, William G.||Wodonga, Victoria||8.75||11.9|
|1967||Howard, William G.||Wodonga, Victoria||5.75||11.6|
|1968||Miller, Ian||Surrey Hills, Victoria||9.75||11.6|
|1969||McLeod, Barry||Braybrook, Victoria||7.75||12|
|1970||Foley, Barry||Ascot Vale, Victoria||11||11.8|
|1971||McGregor, Treva||Templestowe, Victoria||7.25||11.7|
|1972||Foley, Barry||Ascot Vale, Victoria||7.5||11.8|
|1973#||Moss, Bernie||Croydon, Victoria||10.75||12.1|
|1974||Durham, Peter||Ripponlea, Victoria||7.25||12.0|
|1976||Pollock, Allen||Heidelberg, Victoria||8.5||12.1|
|1977||Edmonson, Warren||United States of America||1.25||12.0|
|1978||Proudlock, Steve||Gunnedah, New South Wales||8||11.9|
|1979||McMahon, Noel||Ivanhoe, Victoria||8.25||12.0|
|1980||Dinan, John||Viewbank, Victoria||5.5||12.3|
|1982*||Perry, Chris||Malvern, Victoria||7||12.19|
|1983||O'Brien, Dallas||Bentleigh, Victoria||6||12.22|
|1984||Singleton, Paul||Jilliby, New South Wales||5||11.95|
|1985||Young, Paul||Essendon, Victoria||10.75||12.07|
|1986||Chapman, Glen||Albury, New South Wales||7||12.01|
|1987||Elliott, Russell||Preston, Victoria||8.25||12.13|
|1988||Antonitch, Scott||Roselands, New South Wales||6||12.28|
|1989||McIntyre, Simon||Wagga Wagga, New South Wales||6||12.14|
|1990||Capobianco, Dean||Kalamunda, Western Australia||2.25||12.29|
|1991||Brimacombe, Steve||Eltham, Victoria||6.75||11.93|
|1992||McManus, Andrew||Essendon, Victoria||7||12.03|
|1993||Richardson, Jason A.||Caulfield South, Victoria||7.5||11.94|
|1994||Lewis, Rod||Ringwood, Victoria||7.5||12.05|
|1995||Crawford, Glenn||Katamatite, Victoria||6.5||11.79|
|1996||Hutton, Steve||Alberton, South Australia||6||12.26|
|1997||Millard, Daniel||Mount Gambier, South Australia||10.75||11.98|
|1998||Seers, Dale||Edithvale, Victoria||7.75||12.04|
|1999||Matthews, Rodney||Buninyong, Victoria||9.5||11.91|
|2000||Pearce, Jarram||Wodonga, Victoria||8||12.01|
|2001||Pym, Andrew||South Riverview, New South Wales||7.75||11.97|
|2002||Uhlmann, Stuart||Cedar Grove, Queensland||6.75||11.98|
|2003||Ross, Joshua||North Lambton, New South Wales||7||11.92|
|2005||Ross, Joshua||Gillieston, New South Wales||Scratch||12.36|
|2006||Mott, Adrian||Essendon, Victoria||7.25||11.98|
|2007||Allen, Nathan||Toowoomba, Queensland||5.25||12.35|
|2008||Jamieson, Sam||Williamstown, Victoria||6.00||12.09|
|2009||Stubbs, Aaron||Lismore, New South Wales||7.25||11.87|
|2010||Burbidge, Tom||Canberra, Australian Capital Territory||8.75||12.01|
|2011||Williams, Mitchell||Currumbin, Queensland||6.50||12.18|
|2012||Wiltshire, Matthew||Ballarat, Victoria||8.00||12.22|
|2013||Robinson, Andrew||Launceston, Tasmania||7.25||12.01|
The first winner 1878
Winners from scratch
Only two people have ever won the men's race running from scratch (0 m handicap):
- Multiple time Malagasy Olympian Jean-Louis Ravelomanantsoa in 1975, who also technically holds the fastest ever time of 12.0 s due to winning from scratch
- Athens 2004 Olympian and multiple Australian 100m champion Joshua Ross in 2005
Three sprinters have won the race more than once:
- Bill Howard (1966, 1967) (the only back-to-back winner);
- Barry Foley (1970, 1972);
- Joshua Ross (2003, 2005).
Stawell Gift Olympians
Four Australian Olympians have won the Stawell Gift:
- Dean Capobianco (1990) – 1992 Olympics, Barcelona & 1996 Olympics, Atlanta
- Steve Brimacombe (1991) – 1996 Olympics, Atlanta
- Andrew McManus (1992) – 2004 Olympics, Athens
- Joshua Ross (2003, 2005) – 2004 Olympics, Athens
The following Gift winners also played senior VFL football:
- 1897: George Stuckey, Essendon; won in 12.2 seconds, running off a handicap of 12 yards, and was also captain of Essendon's 1897 premiership team.
- 1899: Norman Clark, Carlton; won in 11.8 seconds, running off a handicap of 14 ½ yards.
- 1900: Dave Strickland, St Kilda, father of Shirley Strickland; won in 12 seconds, running off a handicap of 10 yards.
- 1902: Alf Tredinnick, Melbourne; won in 12.2 seconds, running off 11½ yards.
- 1909: Harry Rigby, Carlton; won in 11.8 seconds, running off 11½ yards.
- 1914: Billy Robinson, Carlton; won in 11.8 seconds, running off 12 yards.
- 1924: Bill Twomey, Sr., Collingwood and Hawthorn, father of Bill Twomey Jr, Pat Twomey, and Mick Twomey, and grandfather of David Twomey; won in 12.1 seconds, running off a handicap of 8 ½ yards.
- 1929: Clarrie Hearn, Essendon; won in 11 and fifteen sixteenths of a second, running off a handicap of 10 yards.
- 1936: Ron McCann, Collingwood; won in 12 and 4 sixths of a second, running off a handicap of 6½ yards.
- 1938: Jack Grant, Geelong and Fitzroy; won in 11 and eleven-sixteenths seconds, running off a handicap of 11 ½ yards.
- 1952: Lance Mann, Essendon; won in 11 and fourteen-sixteenths seconds, running off a handicap of 7 ¼ yards.
- 1956: William (Bill) Williams, Richmond;
- 1971: Trevor McGregor, Fitzroy; won in 11.7 seconds, running off a handicap of 7 ¼ yards.
Given the nature of the modern game, it is highly unlikely that any further AFL players would win a Stawell Gift.
On a number of occasions there has been discussions about relocating the Stawell Gift for economic reasons.
On 14 February 2001, after much discussion about moving the event to Docklands Stadium in Melbourne, Premier Steve Bracks announced on ABC Local Radio that the Gift would be staying in Stawell and the State Government's $40,000 contribution would continue.
On 14 July 2009, it was announced that Ballarat had offered the Stawell Athletic Club more than $1 million in cash and incentives, including a $20,000 grant to the Stawell Gift Hall of Fame, to relocate the Gift from Central Park in Stawell to Ballarat City Oval for five years. The Club released a statement through Secretary Ian Lawrie stating they were considering the offer but the "decision is, without question, the most difficult ever undertaken by the Committee of the Stawell Athletic Club". He said the Club would investigate and exhaust all other options to ensure the survival of Australia’s most famous footrace.
- "Stawell Gift: Top Ten Trivia". Official Website. Stawell Gift 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
- "Bill Howard's Stawell Gift, 1966". theage.com.au. The Age Company Ltd. 15 April 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
- "Stawell Gift Results". Official Website. Stawell Athletic Club. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- Stawell Gift website. "History". Retrieved 2008-10-17
- AFL Tables: George Stuckey
- AFL Tables: Norman Clark
- AFL Tables: Dave Strickland
- Athletics, Kalgoorlie Western Argus, (Tuesday, 15 April 1902), p.38; AFL Tables: Alf Tredinnick.
- Athletics, The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times, (Tuesday, 13 April 1909), p.3; AFL Tables: Harry Rigby.
- Stawell Easter Gift, (Broken Hill) Barrier Miner, (Thursday, 16 April 1914), p.2; AFL Tables: Billy Robinson.
- AFL Tables: Bill Twomey, Sr.
- AFL Tables: Clarrie Hearn
- AFL Tables: Ron McCann
- AFL Tables: Jack Grant
- AFL Tables: Lance Mann
- AFL Tables: Trevor McGregor
- ABC The World Today. "The World Today Archive: Stawell Gift to stay put". Retrieved 2009-07-14
- ABC Sport. "Ballarat looks to poach Stawell Gift". Retrieved 2009-07-14
- Premier announces funding for Stawell Gift. "Premier announces funding for Stawell Gift". Retrieved 2009-09-16
- Pandora Internet Archive of the Stawell Gift
- The Sports Factor Transcript Sport and Religion over Easter, 10 April 1998
- Paul Daffey, "The ten best footballers at the Stawell Gift" (The Sunday Age, 27 March 2005)
- ABC Asia-Pacific Nexus 6 September 2005 Transcript
- Esthonian Enters for Stawell Gift., The Argus (Australia), Saturday 24 February 1934, Page 18