Talk:Taiwan

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Former good article Taiwan was one of the Geography and places good articles, but it has been removed from the list. There are suggestions below for improving the article to meet the good article criteria. Once these issues have been addressed, the article can be renominated. Editors may also seek a reassessment of the decision if they believe there was a mistake.
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Stock post message.svg Taiwan Article Guidelines


The following guidelines have been established by consensus and convention:

  1. Simplified Chinese shall remain in the linguistics infobox per Wikipedia:Manual of Style (use of Chinese language)#Simplified and Traditional
  2. Please do not add Simplified characters and tongyong pinyin to the country infobox.
  3. Please refrain from adding "(Taiwan)" all over the article as this article includes substantial information about the Republic of China prior to the Republic of China on Taiwan/Taiwan post-war era.
edit·history·watch·refresh Stock post message.svg To-do list for Taiwan:
  • Improve article based on feature article review
  • Add a short section about the culture and the geography of the ROC territories (with links to the main articles)
  • Review alt text of images
  • Should the role and influence of Sun Yat-sen be introduced in the History section?

Partially-recognised in first sentence?[edit]

I disagree the fact that Taiwan has only partial international recognition should be mentioned in the first sentence. On the other hand, an alternative I would be okay with is a neutrally written sentence briefly noting its complex political status at the end of the first paragraph, before we dive into the history and only address the issue in the third paragraph. Thoughts? wctaiwan (talk) 15:42, 20 September 2013 (UTC)

I don't think we can say without qualification that it is a sovereign state, when that is such a highly disputed claim. WP:NPOV demands that we give WP:DUE weight to both POVs. Whether that means we say "disputed state", "partially recognized state" or something else, I'm open to discuss. But claiming that it is a sovereign state without explaining that their independence is disputed by most of the world doesn't seem to be a NPOV way of presenting the facts. TDL (talk) 15:49, 20 September 2013 (UTC)
To be clear, the current state of affairs is [[sovereign state|state]]. The main issue I have with some of the wordings, especially ones like "disputed", is that they often present a misleading picture of Taiwan--China is politically powerful, so Taiwan has very little official recognition as a state, but in every other manner it functions like one, with an elected government and its own quasi-embassies. Last time this debate took place, some people didn't like the usage of the word "sovereign", others didn't like "disputed" or "de-facto independent", so a compromised was reached to just use "state". wctaiwan (talk) 15:56, 20 September 2013 (UTC)
Right, but if we link to sovereign state then we are claiming that it is a sovereign state. In fact, that link violates WP:EGG so we need to either stop hiding the "sovereign" or change the link to State (polity).
The reason why the ROC is disputed is of secondary importance. Our job is to report facts as they are, not as they could be if China wasn't so powerful. Everyone, including both the PRC and ROC, agree that there is a dispute so I don't see how this is misleading. All of your arguments could be applied to say Republic of Kosovo (which is recognized by 5x as many states), but that article uses " partially recognised state". Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic has similar wording. TDL (talk) 16:51, 20 September 2013 (UTC)
This source says of states such as Taiwan: "'partially recognized' states would therefore be a more accurate description of these entities than 'de facto state' or 'unrecognized state'. But 'contested state' is an even better term inasmuch as it neatly captures the full political and legal problems faced by these territories." Any of these terms (de facto, partially recognized, disputed, contested) works for me, but again, asserting as a fact that it is a sovereign state without any explanation that this claim is widely disputed by other states is very misleading and does not give WP:DUE weight to both POVs. Any willingness to compromise here, or do I need to seek WP:DR? TDL (talk) 02:02, 4 October 2013 (UTC)
I'm willing to accept either or both of the following: 1. de-linking "state" to avoid any appearance of weaselling (though really, the limited recognition doesn't really change the fact that in practice, the ROC has full sovereignty over its actual territory), 2. as I proposed above, adding a neutrally worded sentence at the end of the first paragraph to give greater prominence (but still not first-sentence, most-important-thing-about-the-subject kind of prominence) to the issue. Alternatively, if you could get clear consensus among at least a few other long-term editors for your proposal, I'm certainly not going to try to block it single-handedly. wctaiwan (talk) 04:43, 4 October 2013 (UTC)

It isn't broke. Why change it? We've had discussions in the past about the wording within the lead paragraph, and the current state is a compromise between a bunch of differing viewpoints. --benlisquareTCE 06:17, 4 October 2013 (UTC)

  • (Note: Now that I realise, a few months down the track and the above comment can be misinterpreted. Back in September, I was in support of User:Wctaiwan's points, after another user attempted to make various changes to the lead paragraph.) --benlisquareTCE 10:26, 11 November 2013 (UTC)
  • I agree that the current wording is problematic. The claim that Taiwan is a state is a "seriously contested assertion", in the words of WP:NPOV, and therefore we cannot assert it. I would suggest instead the wording "de facto independent country". We could then say in the second sentence that its de jure status is disputed. Neljack (talk) 10:08, 11 November 2013 (UTC)
  • It was a compromise made some time ago within a heavy contested topic, between two sides with strongly differing opinions. One side preferred to state that Taiwan was "an independent country", whilst the other side preferred "a largely unrecognised, disputed political entity", with strong emphasis on the adjectives used by both sides. Though, I do have to say that consensus isn't permanent, and can change, and so if people think that the status quo needs to be changed, another WP:RFC can be started. --benlisquareTCE 10:26, 11 November 2013 (UTC)
I disagree with the removal of "partially recognised". It is such an important fact that it ought to have been left in. The "Republic of China" does not exist from the perspective of countries representing over 99% of the world's population. That is a fundamental fact and the first sentence shouldn't mask the complexity. Frenchmalawi (talk) 15:07, 14 December 2013 (UTC)
If "partially recognised" is going to be put in for Republic of China, it needs to also be put in for People's Republic of China. The latter has no diplomatic recognition with over 20 countries which is still about 10% of the commonly recognized nations. That's as much of a fundamental fact as what you state. States with limited recognition article includes PRC as well as ROC, among others. Furthermore, a large number of the countries officially recognizing PRC have relations with ROC in all but name, whereas there is very little unofficial contact of that sort with PRC for countries that recognize ROC.
The current form of simply "state" is what I find most neutral, as after all, people from diverse ethnic and national backgrounds (meaning, different official stances on ROC) read this article. Abstractematics (talk) 07:25, 2 January 2014 (UTC)
Don't be ridiculous. There is a huge difference between an entity that is recognised by 90% of its peers, and one that is recognised by 10% of its peers. The current form of "state", especially linking to "sovereign state", is not at all neutral, and while may be the case de facto, is definitely not the case de jure to the vast majority of the world. The opening paragraph needs to recognise this distinction, and unequivocally qualify that Taiwan is not recognised officially as a sovereign state by the vast majority of sovereign states and other international bodies. Alkenrinnstet (talk) 06:58, 1 April 2014 (UTC)
That's already stated in the description of the opening and the body. Link to political status of Taiwan is littered throughout Taiwan-related articles. You don't need to shove it into the definition. That's POV, one against those nations that do recognize ROC - and in fact do not recognize PRC. Abstractematics (talk) 05:44, 29 May 2014 (UTC)

Agree with User talk:Alkenrinnstet; the ROC is recognised by states whose population make up less than 1% if the world's population. Frenchmalawi (talk) 03:45, 18 April 2014 (UTC)

Using the same approach we should also write in the lead that the State of Israel is partially recognised. No way...
The current wording for this article is appropriate. However the condition of being sovereign is only partially linked to recognition. A country could be theoretically recognised by all UN members minus one country, the one occupying it. In this case would be not sovereign. On the other hand, a country with very limited official recognition can be sovereign and this is the case of the ROC.--Silvio1973 (talk) 23:36, 3 May 2014 (UTC)
I think what first comes to mind would be Cambodia, which for many years had the ousted government recognised by the UN and majority of countries, and the occupying regime unrecognised. --benlisquareTCE 02:49, 4 May 2014 (UTC)
Thank you for the comment. Indeed, it was recognised but not sovereign. In the case of the ROC it's exactly the opposite. Silvio1973 (talk) 11:54, 4 May 2014 (UTC)

Frenchmalawi, please don't equate states with their population. "A group of countries that make up 99% of the world's population" does not mean 99% of the world's population actually agrees with it. Plenty of people in those countries dissent; it's entirely possible for a government of a country to say one thing and the majority of the population to say another. I live in the United States, which reluctantly recognizes People's Republic of China, but I do not agree at all. Furthermore, we're talking about international relations. In international relations we go by state-per-state count, not population. We do not think less of smaller countries just because they have smaller population. We treat them as equals. Abstractematics (talk) 05:44, 29 May 2014 (UTC)

I can't think of many policies that 99 per cent of the world's population would agree on. One China included. I've never equated populations and governments in that way. It is simply a remarkable objective fact that Governments representing over 99 percent of the world's population, indeed nearly 90 per cent of its states, don't recognise the ROC. International relations are between States, agreed. And it is a fact that only a small minority of the World's states, all small and usually hoping to benefit from handouts, recognise the ROC. This all makes the partially recognised tag very appropriate here. Comparisons with Israel are pretty silly. Israel is recognised by the vast majority of countries and all the leading powers. Similarly, the PRC's recognition is overwhelming too. The ROC is in a different league...If it partially recognised, that is putting it at its best. Largely unrecognised, would probably be more accurate and plain. I suppose politics is probably the root of this discussion. Frenchmalawi (talk) 15:43, 31 May 2014 (UTC)
One more thing, my views aren't about thinking less of any one or any state; just that Wikipedia should be accurate and unbiased. Frenchmalawi (talk) 15:53, 31 May 2014 (UTC)
It may be true that the current administrations of a group of countries officially recognize PRC and they happen to have 99% of the population, emphases intended. Whether that statistic is relevant to this discussion is another matter. It's just like with General Assembly Resolution 68/262. Populations should be left out unless sources make actual use of them (or argue against doing so). To use the population count as an argument is an OR synthesis, as are words like "handouts".
And I want to say that "largely unrecognised" phrasing is too biased in favor of the majority. If 20 countries recognize ROC then it's a recognized country; someone sovereign recognizes it. "Unrecognised" should only be used when actually unrecognised. On the flip side, it would be fair to apply similar treatment to Israel because vast majority is still partial. Basically, we shouldn't assign binary qualities solely based on size of quantities.
To further underscore my point, NGOs and other groups such as Freedom House and Economist Intelligence Unit treat Taiwan much like any other country, sometimes more so than other states with limited recognition. Also, when a host country or organization invites ROC as the sole China, the PRC-recognizing states abide by that. For instance, the funeral held at Vatican City. These are global meetings, not just meetings among those 20 countries recognizing ROC.
And I think that's the real accurate and unbiased approach. Instead of a simple binary stance on who is recognized or not, we should be more focused on the fact that a contention does exist. It's enough that any political article on Taiwan inevitably leads to its political status. It would not be fair to treat PRC as having perfectly fine diplomacy when the contention is still there for its own status.Abstractematics (talk) 20:21, 31 May 2014 (UTC)

Obviously, we disagree on basics. If about 90% of the world's states don't recognise a polity as a state but about 10% do, I think, in a case like that, it's appropriate to classify the polity as what it is: "partially recognised". You don't. By the way, we were only discussing that wording: "partially recognised". Above you got into a discussion of "largely unrecognised". No one has proposed that description. Frenchmalawi (talk) 23:10, 15 June 2014 (UTC)

I replied to you about that because you brought it up first.
Anyway, my original argument was that while ROC is partially recognized, so is PRC. Yet PRC is labeled "sovereign state" with no apparent signs of contested diplomacy. I mean, how big does a minority of countries have to be before you see it as relevant? 22? 32? 109? It's arbitrary, so it's best to go with the consensus. And the consensus, as Alkenrinnstet already stated, is to just call it a state or country without POV-leaning qualifiers, and proceed to talk about its international status in the description. Abstractematics (talk) 05:51, 24 June 2014 (UTC)
User talk:Abstractematics - For clarity, are you against the words "partially recognised" as a description for any place that claims to be a sovereign state including Abkhazia, Turkish North Cyprus, South Ossetia, Transnestria and Nagorno-Karabakh etc.? Frenchmalawi (talk) 01:48, 5 July 2014 (UTC)
There are three options when it comes to this: all, none, or consensus. As I mentioned, the consensus here seems to be to leave the opening statement simple and defer the explanation of the status to the rest of the paragraph.
Personally I don't think the qualifier is necessary in the opening sentence if both the lead and politics/foreign relations sections & articles adequately explain the international standing. (And it's the same reason why I think the article should remain as "Taiwan".)Abstractematics (talk) 04:05, 6 July 2014 (UTC)

Naming issues[edit]

John Smith's mentioned about the name and referred to Myanmar. JS seemed to think Burma is better known than Myanmar and so the former should be used. I disagree. This is a quasi encyclopedia. It's about sharing knowledge, not misinformation. We know what that country's name is. We should use it. There is no Burma any more. There is still a Republic of China and my point about the ridiculousness of discussing a Taiwan army during WW2 hasn't been addressed. Instead some one said that they went to the lengths of creating a separate article for the ROC for an earlier period....Now that isn't logical. We don't do that for other countries. Frenchmalawi (talk) 14:49, 21 June 2014 (UTC)

Please, have consideration for the productivity of this. The only concern of many of these people here is to blindly follow the press and what they deem to be reliable sources. Until the press changes its habits or reunification rightfully occurs, no discussion on the naming of this page will lead anywhere. Enough is enough."My master, Annatar the Great, bids thee welcome!" 17:31, 21 June 2014 (UTC)
It was a process of discussion and deliberation that led to the recent change to rename this article "Taiwan" from ROC where it had been for years. So we can talk about "Taiwan during WW2" etc. (clarity there etc?). So yes, I have consideration for the productivity of this sort of discussion. It produced a major change recently. No good reason a similar discussion couldn't result with a change back. Any way, final thought: "productivity" evokes thoughts of something like a factory. Frenchmalawi (talk) 01:53, 5 July 2014 (UTC)

Martial Arts[edit]

A subsection about the indigenous martial arts of Taiwan would be nice, but it is beyond my competence. In cases like the Internal arts, such as Xing Yi and Ba Gua Chang, they need to be treated as part of the Taoist tradition, which could complicate matters. But this is best addressed by others. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Msml (talkcontribs) 00:46, 22 June 2014 (UTC)

Semi-protected edit request on 3 July 2014[edit]

is December 7 

The government of the Republic of China moves from Nanking to Taipei, Taiwan. 190.193.132.122 (talk) 19:10, 3 July 2014 (UTC)

  • Red question icon with gradient background.svg Not done: it's not clear what changes you want to be made. Please mention the specific changes in a "change X to Y" format. TLA 3x ♭ 21:15, 3 July 2014 (UTC)
Question, if moving the article to "Taiwan" was such a good idea......why can't we say: "1949: The government of Taiwan moves from Nanking to Taipei, Taiwan?". Frenchmalawi (talk) 01:58, 5 July 2014 (UTC)
The infobox on the right hand side of the article contains such an information:

The ROC government retreated to Taipei due to Chinese Civil War. 1 October 1949/December 10, 1949

Vanjagenije (talk) 13:28, 10 July 2014 (UTC)

Name of Taiwan[edit]

Taiwan was named by Portuguese as Illa Formosa and this has not been added to the article. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 114.42.79.6 (talk) 05:39, 5 July 2014 (UTC)

Yes, it is in the article, namely in the "Names" section. Vanjagenije (talk) 13:29, 10 July 2014 (UTC)