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A teaching hospital is a hospital that provides clinical education and training to future and current physicians, nurses, and other health professionals, in addition to delivering medical care to patients. They are generally affiliated with medical schools or universities (hence the alternative term university hospital or clinical school), and may be owned by a university or may form part of a wider regional or national health system.
Some teaching hospitals also have a commitment to research and are centers for experimental, innovative and technically sophisticated services.
Although institutions for caring for the sick are known to have existed much earlier in history, the first teaching hospital, where students were authorized to methodically practice on patients under the supervision of physicians as part of their education, was reportedly the Academy of Gundishapur in the Persian Empire during the Sassanid era.
St. Elsewhere that takes place in the fictional St. Eligius Hospital (located in the South End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts)
Chicago Hope that takes place in the fictional Chicago Hope Hospital (located in Chicago, Illinois)
ER that takes place in the fictional County General Hospital (located in Chicago, Illinois)
Scrubs that takes place in the fictional Sacred Heart Hospital (located in the state of California)
House that takes place in the fictional Princeton-Plainsboro Hospital (located in the state of New Jersey)
Grey's Anatomy that takes place in the fictional Seattle Grace Hospital, renamed Grey Sloan Memorial Hospital (located in Seattle, Washington)
Emily Owens M.D. that takes place in the fictional Denver Memorial Hospital (located in Denver, Colorado)
In the United Kingdom, the 1980s television documentary series Jimmy's was set in St James's University Hospital, Leeds (nicknamed Jimmy's), which formerly claimed to be the largest teaching hospital in Europe.
Paris is famous for many renowned teaching hospitals: Pitié-Salpêtrière, Cochin, Necker or Hôtel-Dieu. They appear in many films and TV shows. An ER episode, for example, is set in Hôpital Saint-Antoine (AP-HP). Many patients are quite surprised to see medical students at their bedside: they know they are in top hospitals without knowing those hospitals are teaching hospitals.