Before the Norman conquest of England in 1066 Stigand, Archbishop of Canterbury held the manor of Thrupp. In 1070 Stigand was deposed and William the Conqueror confiscated his lands. William granted Thrupp to Roger d'Ivry, who sold it to Wadard, a knight in William's court. In 1086 Thrupp was such a small settlement that the Domesday Book did not record it as having any tenants.
The present Manor Farm buildings date from the early part of the 17th century. As well as the farmhouse there are a granary and dovecote from the same period. The farm used to have a watermill powered by the River Cherwell.
In 1788 the Oxford Canal was extended southwards from Northbrook Lock just north of Tackley towards Kidlington and Oxford. It roughly parallels the River Cherwell until Thrupp, where it turns away from the river in a right-angle around Manor Farm in order to approach Oxford along the valley of the River Thames rather than that of the Cherwell. The canal company bought the manorial watermill, demolished most of it, and built a row of cottages beside the canal in its place. They used to be called Salt Row, and one historian suggests that they served as salt warehouses.
In the 18th century Thrupp had two public houses: the Axe which is now the Boat Inn, and the Three Horseshoes which closed in 1924. In the 20th century the Britannia opened on the main Banbury Road. It has since been renamed the Jolly Boatman. Both the Boat Inn and the Jolly Boatman are now controlled by Greene King Brewery.
Thrupp has no Church of England parish church of its own. In 1876 Woodstock Baptist Church converted a house in Thrupp into a chapel. In 1953 the Baptists built a new church in nearby Kidlington, and in 1954 Thrupp chapel was consequently closed and sold. It has since been converted back into a house, but retains the external appearance of a chapel that it acquired in 1876. The 15th century cross, which may have originally stood on the main Banbury Road, now stands in front of the former chapel.
At the end of the road through Thrupp is a drawbridge across the canal. On the other side is a yard with three cottages with a common thatched roof.
- Cherwell District Council, 2007, page 24, section 9.2.1
- Cherwell District Council, 2007, page 24, section 9.2.3
- Cherwell District Council, 2007, page 26, section 10.8
- Cherwell District Council, 2007, page 25, section 10.3
- Compton 1976, p. 37.
- Richards J, 1971, cited in Cherwell District Council, 2007, page 25, section 10.3
- Cherwell District Council, 2007, page 24, section 9.2.7
- Crossley & Elrington 2007, pp. 210–211.
- Cherwell District Council, 2007, page 24, section 9.2.6
- Cherwell District Council (August 2007). Hampton Gay, Shipton-on-Cherwell and Thrupp Conservation Area Appraisal. Bodicote: Cherwell District Council. pp. 24–26.
- Compton, Hugh J. (1976). The Oxford Canal. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7238-6.
- Crossley, Alan; Elrington, C.R. (eds.); Baggs, A.P.; Blair, W.J.; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, C.J.; Selwyn, Nesta; Townley, Simon C. (1990). A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 12: Wootton Hundred (South) including Woodstock. Victoria County History. pp. 210–211. ISBN 978-0-19-722774-9.
- Richards, J. (1971). Thrupp, a study of the "isolated beauty" of the industrial revolution.[clarification needed]
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