Hook Norton

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Hook Norton
Hooky
Hook norton brewery 1.jpg
Hook Norton brewery is one of Britain's last working Victorian tower breweries (April 2006)
Hook Norton is located in Oxfordshire
Hook Norton
Hook Norton
 Hook Norton shown within Oxfordshire
Population 2,001 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP3533
Civil parish Hook Norton
District Cherwell
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Banbury
Postcode district OX15
Dialling code 01608
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Banbury
Website Hook Norton Village Website
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 52°00′N 1°29′W / 52.00°N 1.48°W / 52.00; -1.48

Hook Norton is a village and civil parish several miles (dozen km) outside of the Cotswold Hills in Oxfordshire, England. It is 4.5 miles (7.2 km) northeast of Chipping Norton (5.5 km by road).

Toponym and early history[edit]

In the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in AD 922, the village is called Hocneratune. In the Domesday Book of 1086 it is called Hochenartone.[2] Other historical spellings of the name include Hocceneretune (1050), Hogenarton (1216) and Okenardton (1263).[3] Another variation may be 'Hegnorton' as seen in 1430.[4] The toponym may possibly mean 'the farmstead of the Hoccanere tribe', the supposed tribal name deriving from the personal name 'Hocca' and Old English 'ora' (hill-slope), together with 'tun', settlement.[5]

Today the village is colloquially known to its inhabitants as "Hooky" and sometimes as "The Hook". The village is formed of four neighbourhoods: East End, Scotland End (in the west), Down End (in the centre) and Southrop (in the south).

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that a Viking army raided the Hook Norton area in AD 913,[6] and the village had a parish church by AD 922.[7] The Domesday Book records that in 1086 Hook Norton had 76 villagers and two mills.[2] Reports of a band of villagers arming themselves and attempting to fight a Viking raiding party have also been made, supported by finds in nearby fields.

Notable buildings[edit]

The present Church of England parish church of Saint Peter is of Norman origin but also has Early English, Decorated Gothic and Perpendicular Gothic features. The Norman font is 11th century and is unusual in featuring pagan signs of the Zodiac. St. Peter's contains a number of Mediaeval wall paintings including saints, angels and the Apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul.[8] The church tower has a ring of eight bells.[9] St Peter's is now the mother church of the Benefice of Hook Norton with Great Rollright, Swerford and Wigginton.

Hook Norton Baptist Church is among the oldest in Britain, having been founded 1640.[10] Its present building is Georgian, built in 1781.[8] Hook Norton also had a Methodist chapel, which was built in 1875.[8]

Economic history[edit]

Hook Norton had a clockmaker, Thomas Webb,[11] who maintained the turret clock at St. Giles' parish church, Wigginton from 1788 until 1834.[12] Webb was succeeded in his trade at Hook Norton by John Paine, who maintained the clock at Wigginton from 1835 until 1855.[13] In 1840 Paine built a new turret clock for St. George's parish church, Brailes, Warwickshire.[13]

The former Banbury and Cheltenham Direct Railway, part of the Great Western Railway, served Hook Norton with a railway station at East End. British Railways closed the station in 1951 and closed the railway to all traffic in 1964.[14] Tall stone pillars which supported two B&CDR viaducts can be seen in the valley to the south of the village.

Near Hook Norton there were several ironstone quarries, evidence of which can still be seen. The Brymbo Ironworks, opened in 1899, had its own narrow gauge railway and was connected to the B&CDR at Council Hill Sidings, 0.75 miles (1.2 km) east of Hook Norton station. The Brymbo Ironworks closed in 1946 and was dismantled in 1948.

Hook Norton Brewery has a museum that includes a section on the history of the village. The village's 18th century hand-pumped fire engine, which was in use until 1896, is preserved in St. Peter's parish church.[7]

Amenities[edit]

Railway viaduct piers to the south of Hook Norton. (April 2006)

Hook Norton has a Church of England controlled primary school,[15] shop, a post office and general store,[16] a fire station[17] crewed by retained firefighters, a GPs' practice,[18] a dental practice,[19] veterinary surgery,[20] public library,[21] a Memorial village hall, a Women's Institute[22] and a sports and social club.[23]

Hook Norton Brewery is famous for brewing traditional real ale. Hook Norton hosts an annual music festival, Music at the Crossroads, that raises funds for many local charitable causes.

Hook Norton has four public houses, all of which apart from The Bell belong to the Hook Norton Brewery:

  • The Bell
  • The Gate Hangs High[24]
  • The Pear Tree Inn[25]
  • The Sun Inn[26]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Hook Norton F.C. plays in the Hellenic Football League Premier Division.[27] Hook Norton Cricket Club[28] plays in Oxfordshire Cricket Association Division One.[29] Hook Norton also has a tennis club,[30] a running club[31] and a Multi Use Games Area whose sports include netball.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Hook Norton CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Domesday Book entry for Hook Norton". Hook-norton.org.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Land at Bourne Lane, Hook Norton, Oxfordshire: An Archaeological Assessment, 2004, p. 5.
  4. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40 / 677; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT1/H6/CP40no677/bCP40no677dorses/IMG_1340.htm; first entry, labelled "Staff", where the defendants are from Hognorton, Oxon.
  5. ^ Mills, A. D. (1993). A Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford University Press. p. 177. ISBN 0-192-83131-3. 
  6. ^ "Anglo-Saxons.net". Anglo-Saxons.net. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "St Peter's Parish Church history". Stpeters-hooknorton.org.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 651
  9. ^ Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell Ringers, Chipping Norton Branch
  10. ^ "Hook Norton Baptist Church history". Hook-norton-baptist-church.org.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  11. ^ Beeson & Simcock 1989, p. 149.
  12. ^ Beeson & Simcock 1989, p. 190.
  13. ^ a b Beeson & Simcock 1989, p. 188.
  14. ^ Photographs of former railway tunnel and cuttings at Hook Norton[dead link]
  15. ^ Hook Norton Church of England Primary School
  16. ^ "Hook Norton Post Office and General Store". Hookypostoffice.com. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  17. ^ "Hook Norton Fire Station". Oxfordshire.gov.uk. 26 August 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  18. ^ "Hook Norton Surgery". Bloxhamsurgery.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  19. ^ "Lion House Dental Practice". Nhs.uk. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  20. ^ "Hook Norton Veterinary Practice". Hooknortonvets.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  21. ^ "Hook Norton Public Library". Oxfordshire.gov.uk. 26 August 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  22. ^ "Oxfordshire Federation of Women's Institutes". Oxfordshirefwi.freeuk.com. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  23. ^ Fuzzywebs (8 November 2011). "Hook Norton Sports and Social Club". Hook Norton Sports and Social Club. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  24. ^ "The Gate Hangs High". Hooky-pubs.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  25. ^ "The Pear Tree Inn". Hooky-pubs.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  26. ^ "The Sun Inn". Hooky-pubs.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  27. ^ "Hook Norton FC". Hook Norton FC. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  28. ^ Play-Sport New Media (13 June 2002). "Hook Norton Cricket Club". Hooknorton.play-cricket.com. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  29. ^ "Oxfordshire Cricket Association Division 1". Oxfordshirecricketassociation.org.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  30. ^ Hook Norton Tennis Club
  31. ^ "Hook Norton Harriers". Hook Norton Harriers. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  32. ^ Fuzzywebs (8 November 2011). "Hook Norton Multi Use Games Area". Hooknortonsportsandsocialclub.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]