Udhampur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Udhampur district.
Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir
City
Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir
Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates: 32°56′N 75°08′E / 32.93°N 75.13°E / 32.93; 75.13Coordinates: 32°56′N 75°08′E / 32.93°N 75.13°E / 32.93; 75.13
Country India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Udhampur District
Founded by Raja Udham Singh
Named for Raja Udham Singh
Government
 • Body Udhampur Municipal Council
Area
 • Total 39 km2 (15 sq mi)
Elevation 755 m (2,477 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 35,507
 • Rank 4
 • Density 4,686/km2 (12,140/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Dogri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 182101
Telephone code 91-199

Udhampur (ˌʊdæmˈpʊə) is a city and a municipal council in Udhampur District in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. Situated among lush green forests of Eucalyptus, it is the second-largest city of the Jammu region and the fourth-largest city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Named after Raja Udham Singh, it serves as the district capital and the Northern Command headquarters of the Indian Army. A Forward Base Support Unit (FBSU) of the Indian Air Force is also stationed there. Udhampur is used by the Armed Forces as a transit point between Jammu and Srinagar when travelling by road (National Highway Number 1A).

Geography[edit]

The district of Udhampur is located in the shiwalik range of Himalayas and the terrain is mostly mountainous. The upper reaches of the district experience snowfall in the winter season. The city of Udhampur is located at 32°56′N 75°08′E / 32.93°N 75.13°E / 32.93; 75.13[2] in a relatively flatter part of the district at an elevation of 756 metres (2480 feet) and rarely experience any snowfall.The city itself spreads on uneven hills of Shiwaliks.Udhampur is just 68 km ahead of Jammu city towards Srinagar.Katra too is only 23 km off Udhampur.

Administration[edit]

The city of Udhampur is governed by The Udhampur Municipal Council having 22 Municipal Wards.Udhampur consists of four tehsils (administrative districts), namely Udhampur, Ramnagar, Chenani and Majalta.

Climate[edit]

Talking of Udhampur city in particular the climate is sub tropical.Summer temperatures donot cross 40 degrees while in winters mercury generally dips to 2 degrees or even sometimes to zero. Heavy downpour is also experienced. The annual rainfall is 130 cm mainly in monsoons and winters due to Western Disturbances.Ramnagar town nearby experiences heaviest annual rainfall in a year. Udhampur rarely experiences snow while there may be snow in upper reaches .However due to changing climate patterns snowfall has been experienced in some years.In the year 2011 it snowed and there was about 15 cm snow. Heavy hailstorms with piles of hail can be experienced in February and March.

Climate data for Udhampur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24
(75)
29
(84)
33
(91)
39
(102)
40.5
(104.9)
40.9
(105.6)
41
(106)
38
(100)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
25
(77)
41
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
21.9
(71.4)
26.6
(79.9)
32.9
(91.2)
38.3
(100.9)
40.6
(105.1)
35.5
(95.9)
33.7
(92.7)
33.6
(92.5)
31.7
(89.1)
26.8
(80.2)
21.1
(70)
30.1
(86.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
9.7
(49.5)
13.6
(56.5)
19.0
(66.2)
24.4
(75.9)
26.8
(80.2)
24.5
(76.1)
24.0
(75.2)
23.0
(73.4)
18.4
(65.1)
12.6
(54.7)
8.5
(47.3)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
6
(43)
7
(45)
13
(55)
13
(55)
8
(46)
12
(54)
4
(39)
2
(36)
−3
(27)
−4.4
(24.1)
Rainfall mm (inches) 50.0
(1.969)
46.4
(1.827)
53.2
(2.094)
26.3
(1.035)
16.0
(0.63)
51.8
(2.039)
283.4
(11.157)
644.5
(25.374)
123.9
(4.878)
38.1
(1.5)
11.9
(0.469)
42.2
(1.661)
1,387.7
(54.634)
Source #1: BBC Weather
Source #2: IMD

Culture[edit]

The culture of this area is PAHARI which resembles the culture of other areas of Duggardesh. The other part of the district has Dogra culture. Dogri is the main language spoken by the people of the district. The Dogri spoken here is known for its sweetness in tone. Their main language is DOGRI/PAHARI. The language is the rural and hilly areas has maintained its native purity, accent and sweetness. Gojri is also spoken by the Gujjar Community settled here and there. However, Dogri is main language spoken in the district. The district is culturally an integrated part of Jammu region and all important religious fairs like Lohri, Maha Shivratri, Id-ul-Fitr, Holi, Ramnavmi, Baisakhi, Basantpanchami, Martyr's day of Guru Arjun Dev, Raksha Bandhan, Janam Ashtami, Mahanavami, Dussehra, Diwali, id-ul-zuha, Guru Ravi Dass's b’day, Mahatama gandhi's b’day Guru Govind Singh's b’day, Chacha Nehru's birthday. Above all, the Independence Day and Republic Day are celebrated with great enthusiasm. Holy Navratras also provide special occasion for worship and pilgrimage to holy places culminating into small to big fairs.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Indian census,[3] Udhampur has a population of 1,82,778. Males constitute 66% of the population and females 34%. The large male percentage is due to the army constituting a large part of the city's population. Udhampur has an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 89%, and female literacy is 75%. In Udhampur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.About 74% of the population practices Hinduism,followed by Islam 25 % and about 1% population is Sikh.

Religions in udhampur
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
74%
Muslims
  
25%
sikhs
  
0.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Transport[edit]

  • Road

Udhampur is well connected by road as it is located on National Highway 1A to Srinagar, which is the only national highway that connects Srinagar to the rest of India. Four laning work on Jammu-Udhampur National Highway is on full swing. Bus services (both private and state owned) are the most common mode of public transportation to and from Udampur. Frequent connections to the Kashmir Valley and Jammu are easily available.

  • Rail

The town was recently connected by the new Kashmir Railway line leg 0 from Jammu which is part of a wider project to connect the Kashmir valley with the rest of India via a rail link. The Uttar Sampark Kranti Express train from New Delhi was the first train to run on this link in 2005. Commuter unresrved passenger trains linking Jammu and Udhampur (and pathankot also) also run on a daily basis and are quite popular. The rail link to Katra is also nearing completion(trial runs are nearly complete and the link is expected to start by Jan 2014). Once finished, many more trains from different parts of the country are expected to pass by the city. More recently, three more trains were extended/run till Udhampur.

  • Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Udhampur Special
  • Delhi-Udhampur Jammu mail
  • Ahmedabad-Udhampur Janmabhoomi express
  • Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Udhampur AC express
  • Indore-Udhampur Malwa Express

Places to visit[edit]

  1. Krimchi Group of Temples, ancient temples with history related to Mahabharata
  2. Vaishnodevi, one of the most revered Hindu temples dedicated to Goddess Shakti
  1. Patnitop, a hill top tourist destination
  2. Baba Dhansar# Kalika Temple
  3. Mansar lake
  4. Suruinsar Lake
  5. Kali Mata Mandir REHAMBAL ( 1fod), 9 km from udhmapur town on Nh1A.
  6. Sanasar, 19 km from Patnitop, it is a hub of wilderness adventure camps and paragliding in Jammu.
  7. Nathatop, 11 km from Patnitop, en route to Sanasar, it offers scenic views of the surrounding Shivalik range and the Brahma massif of the Kishtwar Himalayas. It is also popular site for paragliding.
  8. Pancheri, one of the best hill station about 40 km from udhampur city; it is health resort with very pleasant weather; annual shankri devta mela is a big tourist attraction in summers

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=8515
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Udhampur
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

16. Pingla Mata Shrine - Pingla Mata Cave is situated in Village Pinger of Ramnagar Tehsil in Udhampur District.

External links[edit]