Sopore

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Sopore
City
Sopore is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Sopore
Sopore
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 34°18′N 74°28′E / 34.30°N 74.47°E / 34.30; 74.47Coordinates: 34°18′N 74°28′E / 34.30°N 74.47°E / 34.30; 74.47
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Baramulla
Population (2011)
 • Total 66,963
 • Rank seventh
Languages
 • Official Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Sopore,{sə(ʊ)ˈpɔ:} (Hindi: सोपोर) known as Suyyapur in antiquity,[1] is a prosperous apple town in the Baramulla district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is 35 km (22 mi) north-west of Srinagar, the summer capital of the state and 16 km (10 mi) south-west from Baramulla City. Sopore is a trading centre and is surrounded by a large number of hamlets. It also is a large fruit trade centre.

History[edit]

Sopore was founded by the famous Utpala engineer and irrigation minister Suyya during the peaceful reign of king Avantivarman in 880 CE.[2] As such the name of the city is Suyya-pur, which has been shortened to Sopore.[2] When the engineer Suyya was working in Sopore no people were coming forth to plunge themselves in gushing water.[2] The king, Avantiverman, thereupon ordered that a part of treasury may be thrown into the water; consequently, a large number of people plunged into the river to get as many coins as they could.[2] The skill of Suyya worked and the river was cleared of silt.[2]

Till the end of 14th century the town did not observe any significant growth.

Some Pashtun tribesmen such as Mehsud and Afridi from mountainous region of North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of the newly formed state of Pakistan invaded the Kashmir valley on 22 October 1947.[3]

A new bridge about 3 km downstream of the site of old bridge was constructed and agglomeration of Administrative Offices brought radical change in the overall development of the town. The rapid urban growth of the town can be attributed mainly to its locational advantage as the centre of the valley, its rich and fertile soil which is good for agriculture, the abundance of water, potentially supportive for the rearing of a rich variety of fish due to the proximity to Wular lake and several forest resources.

Sopore and activists[edit]

In 1989, Sopore became a focus of the separatist activities and continues to be a highly politicized hotbed of separatist activity with frequent spontaneous protests and strikes ("bandhs" in local parlance). On 6 January 1993,When Some Miltants have snatched gun from BSF Men .In return of this Indian security forces opened fire on local who were busy with daily routine job and burned down the local bazaar,[4] killing at least 57 civilians, including 15 passengers of a bus going to Bandipora who were shot dead by Indian security forces [5] In all, official reports state that 250 shops and 50 homes were burnt down; Kashmiri sources claim as many as 450 buildings were burnt down.[5]

Lorihama[edit]

Lorihama is a beautiful village located in district Baramulla of Jammu and Kashmir.It is almost 7 kilometers away from Sopore.This village is surrounded by the main villages of Rafiabad like Achabal, Reban, Hadipora dr 34°18′N 73°28′E / 34.30°N 73.47°E / 34.30; 73.47.[6] It has an average elevation of 1,556 m (5,105 ft). Sopore occupies almost central position in Kashmir valley surrounded by picturesque Lolab valley and Bandipora town in the northeast; on the west by outskirts of Baramulla city and on the south by Karewas of Tangmarg tehsil.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 census,[7] Sopore had a population of 58416 and area of 61 km² making it the sixth largest town after Srinagar, Jammu, Anantnag, Udhampur and Baramulla. But as per the census of 2011 the population of Sopore town was recorded as 66,963 and occupied seventh position in the state as Khatua emerged as sixth populous town in the state. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sopore has an average literacy rate of 55%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 63%, and female literacy is 46%. In Sopore, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The majority of old Sopore's population resides on the banks of Jhelum River which passes through the township. These localities are marked by homes with old style of architecture. New Sopore consists mainly of civil lines areas.[citation needed][clarification needed]

Religion and politics[edit]

The majority of Sopore's population practices Islam, although there is a significant Hindu population. The important Muslim shrines include: Khan-kah Shah-i-Hamdan and Jamia Masjid. Besides there are numerous little shrines (locally called 'Astans') spread all over the place. Frequented by people from many areas, some of these spiritual places include: Baba Shukur Din Watlab Sopore, Shiekh Hamza Makhdoomi Tujar, Syed Fatullah Haqani Bomai, Saed shahib Darapora Zainagir, Daid Mouj Mundji, Arza sahib takya khan zainagair, Hathi-Shah Sahib, Rahim-Sahib Armpora, Hab Shahib Hathlangoo, Shah-Dargah Sahib, Syed Jamal-Din Sahib, Khuj Sahib-Shiva and Baba Sahib Botingoo.Mir Sahib, Saad Sahib both Astan's Situated in Village Duroo just 7 km from sopore town.

There also exist several old Hindu shrines including Rishi peer Mandir (Batpora), Shiv Mandir, Bhairon Mandir and Kali Mandir. Historically, many in Sopore used to venerate the local Peers (holy men) as in the past, the township was home to several of these holy men. The more famous ones are: Ahad Sahib, Lassa Sahib Arm, Ama Sahib Gaknoo, Aziz Sahib Vandhome, aak sahib

Transport[edit]

Sopore has a railway station on the Kashmir Railway line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jyoteeshwar Pathik. Glimpses of History of Jammu & Kashmir. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 2010-12-02. "The original name of Pulwama was Panwangam, which comprised four local namely, Malikpora, Dangerpora, Chatpora, Dullpora." 
  2. ^ a b c d e Jyoteeshwar Pathik. Glimpses of History of Jammu & Kashmir. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 2010-12-02. "Avantiverman (855-844 A.D.) belonged to Utpala dynasty emerged as a powerful King. He was most sagacious king. He built temples at Avantipur after his name. His Minister Suyya was a great genius. His court had a pride on two poets-Ranakar and Ananvardhana. During his time price of paddy showed a deep decline from 36 to 20 dinars. Suyya who was a great engineer is said to have drained a large chunck of wasteland during his regime. His memory is commemmorated by Suyyapur or Sopore, a township in Baramulla district. It is said that when this great engineer was working in Sopore no people were coming forth to plunge themselves in gushing water. The king thereupon ordered that a part of treasury may be thrown into the water, a large number of people plunged into the river to get as many coins as they could. The skill of Suyya worked and the river was cleared of silt." 
  3. ^ http://www.kashmir-information.com/KoshSam/Kashmir_Affairs.html The Story of Kashmir Affairs - A Peep into the Past
  4. ^ "India – Human Rights Developments". Human Rights Watch. 
  5. ^ a b MCGIRK, TIM (8 January 1993). "Outcry in Delhi over Kashmir massacre". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 10 April 2009. 
  6. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sopore
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.