Beerwah, Jammu and Kashmir
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|Beerwah, Jammu and Kashmir
|Territories of India||Jammu and Kashmir|
|• Total||5,000 km2 (2,000 sq mi)|
|• Density||1.3/km2 (3.4/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Beerwah is a Sub-District in Central Kashmir. The region was granted the status of sub-district in the 1970s with the support of one of the greatest sons of soil Syed Ali Shah Buharki, but it was not implemented fully, with only few sub-division offices opening, such as the sub-district Beerwah hospital and DIET (District institute of education & training) Beerwah. Again in 2013, Beerwah was granted Sub-district status by Chief Minister Omar Abdullah and having highest role played by Mirwaiz Central Kashmir Mawlana Latief Bukhari sahab. It is an oldest Tehsil and Largest Constituency (interms of voters) and a town and a Municipal area committee in Budgam district of the Indian administered Kashmir of Jammu and Kashmir. [kashmir Valley]] For 2014 State Assembly elections National Conference has nominated Omar Abdullah, the incumbent Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, as its candidate for Beerwah Constituency while INC has given mandate to Nazir Ahmad Khan and PDP has chosen to repeat its Sitting MLA Dr. Shafi Ahmad Wani.
Beerwah is at an height of 5200 feet above sea level. It can be identified between 75° E longitude and 34° N latitude at the base of Pir Panjal Mountain range base. The famous markets of the Beerwah Constituency are Magam, Beerwah, Narabal.
Beerwah is located between plains (to the north and eastern part and to the south and south-western part). The beautiful landscape comprises elevated table lands known as "Karewas" given by Godwin-Austin (The British Geologist) first time during 1859. The name Beerwah means "beautiful" in Sanskrit, derived from springs of beerwah known as "Behroop" also means "beautiful".
In 1766 A.D., a Fort was built by the then Muslim Governor - Lal Mohammad Khatak. This fort was repaired in 1801 A.D. by Governor Abdullah Khan but unfortunately the fort was destroyed completely in 1884 A. D. in an earthquake.
Beerwah served as Pargana during mughal reign. It was formed out of the erstwhile of Srinagar district, achieving Tehsil status in 1962 and the man behind the formation was Sir Syed Sani Mawlana Syed Ali Shah Bukhari, making it one of the oldest tehsil headquarters of kashmir. The Budgam, Beerwah and baramullah were connected with tehsil Beerwah and it was called Tehsil Ranbir Singh. It was the headquarters and tehsil of Beerwah, budgam and Baramullah). The tehsil budgam was formed later in 1979, and henceforth achieved district status with the help of chief Minister Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah. 
Beerwah is home to some of the most exotic tourist locales where man finds himself in close communion with nature. It is a treat to visit some of these places and the administration is unveiling a major road connectivity plan to make the region more accessible. Some of these places include:
This is not only famous as a pasture but also for its historical bacKground. Bounded by dense forests, it is situated about 10 km from Khag in the mountains of the Himalayan range. After crossing the upper mountain reaches of Drang, Zakhora and other small villages, one reaches the pasture of Tosamaidan. It is one of those pastures which the shepherds of other countries also used to visit in ancient times. The Mughals used to go to Poonch using this route. It is said that they had constructed a seven-storeyed building - Dam Dam - here. The Basmai Gali (13,000 ft) is the pass which leads into Tosamaidan. Another pass - Poonch Gali - on its right side leads to the valley of Poonch. This pass was deemed to be the safest, easiest, and nearest to reach Punjab in ancient times. From here a path also leads to Nilnag. Tosamaidan is the largest pasture in its surrounding areas, 3 miles in length and 1.5 miles in width. Sky touching deodars fence this pasture presenting a view of a green carpet during summer. During summer, the camps of the Gujjar community and shepherds are grazing their sheep in the pasture presenting a riveting look. Also, the fragrance of wild flowers refresh the environment.
To reach this alpine pasture, one has to cross the green slopes of Donwar, Brari Pather and Yanga Pather. A little higher from these slopes, the entire place is covered with various kinds of asters and several plants of saussuera lappa (Kuth). Immediately afterwards, the area of "Rachi Parhan" (Pasture of Parhan) commences. In clear blue sky, the view of the area is ravishing. One can view the famous Wular Lake from here which resembles a silver-sheet. One can also enjoy the most charming view of one of the highest peaks in the world - Nanga Parbat (26,696 ft) - from here.
Before Pehjan, there is the famous 14,000 ft-high Nakwaer Pal (the nostril rock) on the way. It is the highest peak of this range. About this famous rock it is said that when Kashmir valley was a lake (Sati Sar), boats used to be anchored with this rock. Today there is an iron hook within it (Ded Bal), also known as (Lal Khanen Gher). Here shepherds and Gujjars come from adjacent villages with their livestock.
Situated 8,000 to 14,000 ft. above sea-level, in the lap of dense woods, bounded by mountains whose average height reaches 17,000 ft, Khag block in the Beerwah tehsil of Budgam district, is a place of breathtaking beauty in the southwest of Kashmir. The area is rich in green pastures where, with the onset of summer, the caravans of nomad Bakerwals arrive along with their cattle to graze in the meadows. The atmosphere turns romantic when a shepherd, while guarding his herd of sheep, plays flute and fills the air with magic. One has the experience the moment to believe it. During early winter, these nomads along with their move through various mountain passes to warm places before the area is covered with snow. The return of summer, however, simply transforms the place into a dreamland.
Across the length and breadth of the town Beerwah, there are many springs. In khag alone, there are at least 30 springs providing fresh water round the year. However, during the summer, the number increases to over 50. For this reason, the area could as well be called the land of Springs. Some of these historically important springs are:-
Little away from the famous meadow of Tosamaidan and close to the Line of Actual Control in the midst of thick forest is situated this enchanting spring. The legend has it that during his 12-year long exile (Vanvas) Ram Chander passed through these woods and stayed here along with Lakshman and Sita. Sita, it is said, would bath in the spring which consequently got its name from her as Sita Haran. The name got later changed to Sut Haran. Close to the spring is a rock which, according to the legend, was used by Sita to sit on. The spring is also said to be the origin of a small lake, Tosamaidan. The water of the spring is very sweet.
Naranag spring is also known as Narain Nag. The spring is close to the Khag village. The origin of the spring is believed to be the Tosamaidan lake which after flowing several miles beneath the soil, resurfaces in the form of Naranag. It is said that long ago an ascetic was once going through this place. He was carrying a bagful of sheep dung which fell from his hand into the lake. Several days later, when he reached this place in Khag, he saw the dung floating on the surface of the Naranag. To convince himself, the ascetic returned to Tosamaidan and this time sprinkled some turmeric powder into the lake. A couple of days later, the water in the Naranag carried a tinge of turmeric colour.
Of the many round-the-year-flowing springs, the Sukhnag, originally Sokhanag (the spring of solace) is the fountainhead of the Ahij brook. Flowing through the mountain terrain, the spring water transforms into a 20 ft high-roaring waterfall at Kanj Zubji, few miles from Tosamaidan, before mingling with other small streams to form the Ahij brook. Downwards, the Ahij is further divided into many streams, like Mala Kol, Lar Kol and Sona Maen Kol, irrigating many villages of Beerwah tehsil.
Pushkar Nag is in the east of Poshker village between Khag and Ferozpora. This historical spring is surrounded by several villages on its three sides white it flows to the east. The spring owes its name to the village of its origin. It is said that during the month of Sawan, Kashmiri Pandits would offer prayers known as Diavai Paath here and the devotees would take a dip in the spring. Some devotees perform the ritual today as well. The spring finds a mention in the chronicle, Neelamat Purana, according to which a devotee was spiritually as much benefitted by taking a dip in the spring as by a night-long recitation of the Vedas.
This is a spring in Darang Khaipora village of Khag block with sulphur contents in its water. Hence the name Ghandak Nag. People with skin ailments take a bath in the spring and are said to get cured. These properties of its water make the Ghandak Nag very significant.
Amid lush forest, several mountain streams flow through the district from Badran to Sita Haran. Of these, the famous are Mala Kol, Lear Kol, Ahij Kol, Laen, Zaen, Mean and Sona Mean. The Ahij, Laen and Sona Maen have the common fountainhead in Sukhnag. MalaKol is also known as the "deaf and dumb stream ". Legend has it that when a saint, Syed Taj-ud-Din, arrived in Khag, the Mala Kol silently followed him from Sukh Nag to Sikandarpora. The stream continues to flow with calm even when it is brimming. On the other hand, the Laen Kol is known to be making a roaring march with much less discharge of water. Local elders have interesting stories to say about the stream of the area. According to them the streams of Laen Zean are three sisters. The Ahij and Mala Kol embrace the Jhelum after marching through Khag and other villages of Budgam district. Besides, Shaliganga Nallah, Dood Ganga nullah, Ferozpora nullah and the flood-spill channel also flows through the district. 
Political and religious leaders
Sir Syed Sani Mawlana Syed Ali Shah Bukhari (born 30 November 1914) also known as Sir Syed Kashmir and Mirwaiz (Mir-Head; Waiz-Priest), Musleh Milat, a religious and political leader from Jammu & Kashmir, was associated with politics, as a means of helping his area to come up in socio-economic developmental works. He founded Anjuman Mazhar ul Haq. He was a great moderate leader. He contested elections for Assembly twice in 1957 and 1977, once for constituency Beerwah and other for constituency Budgam one on behalf of National Conference (a political party in Kashmir) and one on behalf of Janata Party (a political party in capital New Delhi).   
Mirwaiz Central Kashmir Molvi Syed Abdul Latief Bukhari is an Islamic prominent leader and clergy from Jammu and Kashmir. He is the Patron of jammu and Kashmir Anjuman Mazhar ul haq. He is chairman of ithad-i-Milat j&k. Mufti wa Mirwaiz central Kashmir, Moulvi Syed Abdul Latief Bukhari, is also the representative of world forum for proximity of Islamic schools of thought. He is a master in Arabic and Persian and has done Masters in Islamic studies. He is mastered in philosophy, Hadith, tafseer, and Political science. He was elected the patron for AMH and Mirwaiz Beerwah wa Budgam after his father "Sir Syed Sani Mawlana Syed Ali Shah Bukhari" left for heavenly abode. He has attended many National and International conferences on Religion, International relations, Peace and Human rights in different parts of world. He has also been giving guest lectures in many seminaries. He runs shariat court and gives Islamic verdict. Latief Bukhari is the Islamic leader and is the "Mirwaiz" for central Kashmir.
Dr. Shafi Ahmad Wani is representing the Beerwah constituency till 2014. He is representing PDP, people's Democratic Party and fought the assembly elections from beerwah constituency and won the election. He is Member of legislative Assembly. And opposite candidate was Prof Abdul Majid Mattoo representing National Conference and he lost with a vey close margin., and Nazir Ahmad khan is representing Indian National Congress from the Beerwah Constituency.
Government schools in Beerwah: In Beerwah there are two Higher secondary schools run by the government of Jammu and Kashmir one named as Boys Higher secondary school and the other as Girls Higher secondary school. Approximately more than two thousand students are being educated in these institutions. These institutions have produced some of the eminent professors, doctors, engineers and police officers. In addition to this the Government is also running three middle schools and six primary schools within the municipal limits.
Syed Ali Memorial Institute of Education Beerwah Budgam, has contributed a lot to the society and is founded in the memory of Sir Syed Sani Mawlana Syed Ali Shah Bukhari..SAM College of Education & Training, and SAM Higher secondary School, and SAM Elementary teacher training and nursery teacher training college, Situated at a nominal distance from the summer capital of J&K state in the west. the road leading to Gulmarg has a confluence of roads at Magam (a little town)the northern mettled road having a picturesque beauty connects Magam with Beerwah, The Tehsil Headquarters of this area.
Mazhar ul haq high school Beerwah Budgam, is a school founded by Sir Syed Sani Mawlana Syed Ali Shah Bukhari in 1934Bold text and it is one of the oldest private public schools in Kashmir Valley.
District Institute of Education and training (DIET), Beerwah Budgam, is a headquarters of teacher training and education centre of Budgam district. It is an institution functioning under the Government of Jammu and Kashmir. 
CED College of Education is located in Narbal, it is at the tail end of the Beerwah constituency. The college runs a B.Ed course and is affiliated with University of Kashmir.
Govt Degree College Beerwah is a college functioning under Ministry of Higher Education, j&k govt. This College is located in tehsil headquarters Beerwah. It facilitates so many Villages in Beerwah. All students from these villages are attached. Alamguchoo, Aripanthan "a", Aripanthan "b", Arwaha, Attina, Beerwah, Bonhama, Bonzanigam, C. C. Pora, Charangam, Chewdara A, Chewdara B , Churmujroo, Dasan, Gampora, Gooripora, Gundipora, Hanjigaroo, Hardlatoo, Kandhama A, Kandhama B, Kandoora, Kanigund, Lalpora, Mamgundh, Meeripora A, Meeripora B, Mulshulla, Najan, Narsingpora, Ohagam, Paharthan, Pethkoot, Punchgundh, Rathsum Pethpora, Rathsun Bunapora, Sail, Sonapah, Suchen, Bonnet, Utligam, Utterpora, Wanihama. 
As of 2011[update] India census, Beerwah had a population of 6295. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Beerwah has an average literacy rate of 43%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 61% of the males and 39% of females literate. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. Beerwah is the largest constituency in terms of number of voters in district Badgam.
Beerwah constituency has post offices in beerwah town as well as magam market. The fire stations are multiple in the whole constituency, in magam, in beerwah, in narabal, etc.there are three branches of j&k bank in the constituency as in beerwah, magam and narabal.it has two j&k cooperative banks, an ellaquai dehati bank. In addition, it has two Co-operative Banks, The Baramullah Co-operative Bank, State Agricultural and Rural Development Bank and HDFC Bank near central bus stand Magam. There are three police stations, located in Magam, Beerwah and khag and out of these stations DSP sits in Magam police station. There is a Sessions court with a Sub-judge located in the Magam Market. Every zone of Beerwah carries a Zonal Education officer. Beerwah constituency has three Sub-division hospitals and multiple health care units in the villages.In 2013,with getting status of sub-district,the SDM (sub-district magistrate) office is opened in beerwah.the muncif court is functional and resolves public disputes.The town hall is situated on the river bank having a beautiful picturesque beauty.
Most of the families in Beerwah have their own fields for cultivation of crops which include rice, mustard, vegetables, apples, walnuts, pears, apricots, cherries and almonds.
Beerwah is a strong center of business. People are dealing with the business at small scales like carpet designing (Kaleen in kashmiri language), designing in shawls (knit work) and embroidery. These kashmiri carpets and shawls have good national and international market but the workers involved in it are not getting sufficient wages to hold on this business. This used to be the most important source of income in the families long time ago but due to increasing prices, family pressure and low income, people shifted to other small scale businesses to meet their family needs. Nowadays, only small chunk of people are involved in this heritage business and is almost at the verge of extinction. As this region of Badgam is very rich in walnut trees large section of people are dealing with walnut export. In the constituency Beerwah, there is a business hub which is known as Magam, it is the central location of trade, and it connects the srinagar city with a famous picnic spot known as gulmarg and it connects beerwah constituency and Budgam district with the Baramullah District. And beerwah constituency has two railway stations, one mazhama is a famous railway station and Narbal is the beginning point of this constituency and it has also a good retail Market.
Mostly people of Beerwah have their own means of conveyance but public transportation includes buses and cars mainly.
By Air: Srinagar Airport (SXR) is the closest to Beerwah, located just 30 kilometres away.
By Rail: The nearest railway station to Beerwah is Mazhama Railway Station Narbal at 11 km.
By Road: National Highway 1A connects Beerwah to Srinagar and private buses and taxis ply on this route frequently, so getting around Beerwah in any direction is not difficult.
By Bus: State Road Transportation of J&K (J&K SRTC) has connected most major towns and cities to Beerwah through Srinagar on National Highway 1A.
By Sumo/taxis: The private organisations run the transport companies having hundreds of taxis available in number, which wil be available for 24 hours for any route. 
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