Tral

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Tral
tral
town
Tral is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Tral
Tral
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1Coordinates: 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Pulwama
Elevation 1,662 m (5,453 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 11,607
Languages
 • Official Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 192123
Telephone code 1933

Tral(ترال) is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district, of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is a small town prettily situated on the sloping plateau of the foot hills of the mountains near the east side of the Wullar Purgana in Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir. Tral is situated at the edge of plateau divided into upper and lower mohallas. The houses that are built on this range are mostly made up of bricks (some sun dried and some baked). The roofs are usually made of tin while some are occasionally thatched. Tral is shaded by fine trees and possess enormous number of springs located in its 82 villages. Plateau lands on the east side of the town is bare and dry but the slope to the west and to its beneath has a large mass of rice cultivation. Among all the lakes Tarsar and Marsar are known worldwide for their pristineness and sweetness. The most famous spring Dilnag lying on the east side of the town whose beauty is further added by the magnificent Chinaar and other trees. The cold water rises into a pool or tank about 50 square feet (4.6 m2) and four or five feet deep, containing small number of fishes.

Geography[edit]

Tral is located at 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1.[1] It has an average elevation of 1662 metres (5452 ft). Tral is a township which is 10 km away from National Highway(NH-1A). Tral is known for natural springs, both hot and cold. Some springs remain hot in winter and cold in summer. The place is having an average area of about 110 km²

Villages of Tral[edit]

A

  • Amirabad
  • Amlar
  • Arigam
  • Aripal
  • Awampura

B

  • Baigund
  • Bargoum
  • Basvin
  • Batagund
  • Bathnoor
  • Branpather
  • Brantal
  • Buchoo

C

  • Chaan
  • Chandrugam
  • Chatrugam
  • Check
  • Chewa

D

  • Dadasara
  • Dajeh Khour
  • Dar
  • Dardgund
  • Dhobiwan
  • Diver
  • Dodehmarg
  • Doingund
  • Drumbal

E

F

G

  • Gadpora
  • Gamaraz
  • Gang
  • Gulshanpora (Khul)
  • Gutru

H

  • Haari Parigam
  • Haffu
  • Hajan
  • Hardumir
  • Hundur

I

J

K

  • Kahlil
  • Kamla
  • Kanglooda
  • Karmula
  • Khangund
  • Khankah
  • Kharpora
  • Khasipora
  • Koil
  • Kounsarbal
  • Kuchmullah
  • Kulpohda
  • Kunjbal

L

  • Laalgam
  • Laam
  • Laedyaar
  • Lalpora
  • Laribal
  • Loorow
  • Lurgam

M

  • Machooma
  • Mandoora
  • Medoora
  • Monghama

N

  • Naagberan
  • Nadar
  • Nagbal
  • Nagnaad
  • Nahar
  • Naibug
  • Naibugh
  • Nanar
  • Narastan
  • Nargistan
  • Nawdal
  • Nazneenpora (Haayoun)
  • Nigeenpora (Reshipora)

O

P

  • Panier
  • Pinglish
  • Pirnaad
  • Poonzu
  • Prongam

Q

R

  • Rajpora
  • Ratherpora
  • Rathsun

S

  • Saimu
  • Satoora
  • Seer
  • Shajan
  • Shaldramn
  • Sherabad (Bulli)
  • Shikaargaah
  • Shutlan
  • Sofigund
  • Soinaad
  • Syedabad (Pastuna)

T

  • Taki

U

V

  • Vazul Kulnar

W

  • Wagad
  • Wanibutu

X

Y

  • Yangvin

Z

  • Zizbal
  • Zradihadan
  • Zuwastan

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Tral had a population of 11,607. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Tral has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 45%.

History[edit]

Five hundred years ago the real name of Tral was (تریہ لال) Three Pearls because the whole area was purchased by Hazrat Ameer Kabeer (RA) (who came from Baghdad to spread Islam in Kashmir) in three pearls.One of the eminent personalities of Srinagar, Dr.Nisar Ahmad Bhat (Trali) has framed a book on the history of Tral (Aien-ai - Tral), this book covers all the monuments,leaders,scholars and many more aspects of Tral history. The book is an encyclopedia of Tral.

Education[edit]

After independence like rest of the country, scenario of tehsil Tral has also changed a lot. Number of positive developments has taken place in all sectors especially Education, Health and Employment sector. According to AINE-TRAL (a collection of historical facts) in 1903 foundation of a primary school was laid by the government. At that time 70 students were enrolled. During the year 1933 its standard was raised from primary to lower middle school. Then in 1944 its standard was again raised to higher secondary level. In present scenario there are hundreds of educational institutions in tral, 7 higher secondary’s, Degree colleges, ITI institutes and many more professional institutes. Literacy rate at one time was 1% and now it has raised to 70% according to survey a conducted by Ikhlas welfare society Tral in June 2009.


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tral
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

References[edit]

  • Aiena-i-Tral written by Dr. Nisar Ahmad Bhat Trali.