|1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
||7 September 1956
||30 April 1957
||123 (as at May 2013)(Convention and subsequent Protocol)
The United Nations 1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery is a 1956 treaty which bans debt bondage, serfdom, early and servile marriage and child servitude. The convention built upon the work of the 1926 Slavery Convention, which proposed to secure the abolition of slavery and of the slave trade, and the Forced Labour Convention of 1930, which banned forced labour.
Key substantive content (summarised)
The parties commit to abolish and abandon debt bondage, serfdom, servile marriage and child servitude.
The parties commit to enacting minimum ages of marriage, encouraging registration of marriages, and encouraging the public declaration of consent to marriage.
Criminalisation of slave trafficking.
Runaway slaves who take refuge on flag vessels of parties shall thereby ipso facto attain their freedom.
Criminalisation of the marking (including mutilation and branding) of slaves and servile persons.
Criminalisation of enslavement and giving others into slavery.
Definitions on "slave", "a person of servile status" and "slave trade"
No reservations may be made to this Convention.
This Convention shall apply to all non-self-governing-trust, colonial and other non-metropolitan territories to the international relations of which any State Party is responsible.