University of Orléans
|University of Orléans|
The University of Orléans (French: Université d'Orléans) is a French university, in the Academy of Orléans and Tours.
In 1230, when for a time the doctors of the University of Paris were scattered, a number of the teachers and disciples took refuge in Orléans; when pope Boniface VIII, in 1298, promulgated the sixth book of the Decretals, he appointed the doctors of Bologna and the doctors of Orléans to comment upon it.
St. Yves (1253-1303) studied civil law at Orléans, and Pope Clement V also studied there law and letters; by a Papal Bull published at Lyon, 27 January, 1306, he endowed the Orléans institutes with the title and privileges of a University (it has been founded as one of the very earliest universities outside Italy in 1235, only two years after Cambridge and Toulouse, in France only Paris' Sorbonne was even older).
Twelve later popes granted the new university many privileges. In the 14th century it had as many as five thousand students from France, Germany, Lorraine, Burgundy, Champagne, Picardy, Normandy, Touraine, Guyenne and Scotland.
The current university was founded in 1960, after its medieval predecessor was closed down in 1793 and merged into the University of France in 1808.
- St Ivo of Kermartin († 1303), patron of lawyers
- Étienne de Mornay, counsellor of Philippe IV le Bel
- Johannes Reuchlin (1455-1522)
- Guillaume Budé (1468-1540)
- Francis Bothwell, Procurator of the Scottish Nation at Orléans during 1513-4, later a member of the Parliament of Scotland and a judge
- John Calvin (1509-1564)
- Étienne de La Boétie (1530-1563)
- Agrippa d'Aubigné (1552-1630)
- Théophraste Renaudot (1586-1653)
- Pierre de Fermat (vers 1601-1665)
- Molière (1622-1673)
- Charles Perrault (1628-1703)
- Jean de La Bruyère (1645-1696)
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