20 December 1919|
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Died||26 September 1982
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Bernardo Segall (1943-1955)
Arthur A. Schmidt (1959-1969) his death
Valerie Bettis was born on either 19 December or 20 December 1919 in Houston, Texas. Her parents were Royal Holt Bettis and Valerie Elizabeth Bettis (McCarthy). Her father died when she was thirteen years old, after which her mother married Hugh Prather. In 1943, Bettis married Bernardo Segall, who was then her company's music director, though the marriage ended in divorce in 1955. In 1959, she married Arthur A. Schmidt who died in 1969. On 26 September 1982, Bettis died at Beth Israel Medical Center in Manhattan at the age of 62.
Valerie Bettis found success both as a modern dancer and as a choreographer, often both in the same production. She was known for her "versatility, vivid stage presence, and flamboyant theatricality."
Bettis began taking ballet lessons in her hometown of Houston, Texas at the age of 10. While in high school, she participated in her school's dramas and musicals. She attended the University of Texas for only one year before moving to New York City to study modern dance under Hanya Holm. She performed and toured with Holm's company from 1937 through 1940.
In 1941, Bettis formed her own dance ensemble and began her career as a solo dancer. She found early success with her 1943 solo dance The Desperate Heart, which incorporated the poem of the same name by John Malcolm Brinnin. New York Times dance critic John Martin listed it among the most outstanding performances of 1943. Louis Horst described The Desperate Heart as "the finest solo work in the entire modern dance repertory of this decade."
In 1947, Bettis became the first modern dance choreographer to work with a major ballet company. Her production of Virginia Sampler, as performed by the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, was called "an interesting and unsuccessful experiment." In 1948,Bettis adapted, directed, and choreographed William Faulkner's novel "As I Lay Dying" fusing acting and dance into a dance play. John Martin, The New York Times dance critic, called it "a completely authoritative work of art." Doris Hering of Dance Magazine wrote "Only an artist with the deepest feeling for movement and drama could have worked the wonders Miss Bettis did with the material at hand.". Bettis's next attempt at a dance play,'Domino Furioso, which premiered the 1949 American Dance Festival, was less successful, attracting mixed reviews: "attractive" and "easy to take in", Hering this time wrote, "If Miss Bettis is not careful she will talk us all to death." Bettis found success in 1952 when she choreographed a ballet based on the Tennessee Williams play A Streetcar Named Desire. Critics described it as "gripping" and a "stunning, explosive creation."
Bettis first tried her hand at musical comedies when she choreographed and performed in Glad to See You in 1944. In 1948, she won a Theatre World Award for her performance in Inside U.S.A., a revue that would run for nearly 400 performances at the New Century Theatre and the Majestic Theatre. Her performance in the 1950 revue Bless You All was praised by Life magazine both for her dancing and for her singing abilities.
Rita Hayworth's dances to the songs "Trinidad Lady" and "I've Been Kissed Before" (in the 1952 movie Affair in Trinidad), as well as the "Dance of the Seven Veils" (in the 1953 movie Salome) were choreographed by Valerie Bettis.
- Brandenstein, Sherilyn (30 May 2010). "Bettis, Valerie Elizabeth". Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
- "Guide to the Valerie Bettis Papers, ca. 1942-1982". Heritage Dance Coalition. 17 March 1983. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
- Ian Herbert, ed. (1981). "BETTIS, Valerie". Who's Who in the Theatre 1. Gale Research Company. pp. 66–67. ISSN 0083-9833.
- Anderson, Jack (28 September 1982). "Valerie Bettis, Choreographer and Modern Dancer, is Dead". New York Times. p. 12.
- Valarie Mockabee (28 July 2001). "ICKL Proceedings 2001". p. 247.
- Amberg, George (2007). Ballet in America - The Emergence of an American Art. Read Books. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-4067-5380-6.
- "Dance Chronicle: Trends in Modern Dance". The Kenyon Review 12 (1): 148–155. Winter 1950. JSTOR 4333127.
- Anderson, Jack (1987). The American Dance Festival. Duke University Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-8223-0683-2.
- Kolin, Philip C. (2000). Williams: A Streetcar named Desire. Cambridge University Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-521-62610-1.
- "Theatre World Awards Recipients". Theatre World Awards. 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- Inside U.S.A. at the Internet Broadway Database
- "Bless You All: The Ladies Cop the Honors in a New Revue". Life 30 (4). 22 January 1951. p. 58.