WUPW

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WUPW
Wupw 2010.pngWUPW-DT2 Bounce Toledo.png
Toledo, Ohio
City of license Toledo
Branding Fox Toledo (general)
Fox Toledo News (newscasts)
Slogan Toledo News Now
Channels Digital: 46 (UHF)
Virtual: 36 (PSIP)
Subchannels 36.1 Fox HD
36.2 Bounce TV SD
36.3 Escape (TV network) SD
Owner American Spirit Media
(operated under a SSA by Raycom Media)
(WUPW License Subsidiary, LLC)
Founded September 22, 1985; 29 years ago (1985-09-22)
Call letters' meaning Sequentially/randomly assigned by FCC
Sister station(s) WTOL
Former channel number(s) Analog:
36 (UHF, 1985-2009)
Digital:
46 (-2010)
Former affiliations Independent (1985-1986)
DT2: TheCoolTV (2010-2013)
Transmitter power 110 kW
(CP 220 kW)
Height 356 m
Facility ID 19190
Transmitter coordinates 41°39′22″N 83°26′41″W / 41.65611°N 83.44472°W / 41.65611; -83.44472
Website ToledoNewsNow.com

WUPW is the Fox-affiliated television station for Northwestern Ohio that is licensed to Toledo. It broadcasts a digital signal on virtual channel 36 from a transmitter in Oregon. Owned by American Spirit Media, the station is operated by Raycom Media under a shared services agreement, making it a sister station with local CBS affiliate WTOL.

History[edit]

Under LIN ownership, WUPW's studios were based at Four SeaGate on North Summit Street in Downtown Toledo up to April 20, 2012.

The station went on-air September 22, 1985 as an Independent with an analog signal on UHF channel 36. The station originally had the call sign WDMA-TV but was changed to its present-day calls before its first sign-on. Originally, WUPW was owned by a consortium of local investors and private companies. It became a charter Fox affiliate on October 6, 1986. It was sold to Atlanta-based Ellis Communications in 1993. Three years later, that company was sold to a group led by the Retirement Systems of Alabama who merged with Aflac's broadcasting group to form Raycom Media.

After Raycom acquired the Malrite Communications Group in 1999 (which owned NBC affiliate WNWO-TV), WUPW was spun off to Sunrise Television due to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules at the time prohibiting common ownership of two stations in the same market. WNWO was longer-established and Raycom opted to keep that station over WUPW. Sunrise Television was absorbed into LIN TV in May 2002. (Raycom sold WNWO to Barrington Broadcasting in 2006 after its merger with The Liberty Corporation gave it ownership of CBS affiliate WTOL.)

Until 2001, WUPW was the only over-the-air television station in the area to air cartoons weekday afternoons as the local WB affiliate, WT05, is cable exclusive. In early-June 2007, WUPW, along with three other LIN TV-owned Fox affiliates switched their websites over to Fox Interactive Media's "MyFox" platform, becoming the first Fox stations not owned-and-operated by the network to adopt the site. WUPW later dropped MyFox in favor of a new site platform co-developed by LIN and Fox, spun off as the independent company EndPlay.[1]

The station's broadcast tower is 1,253 foot high that has a seven-foot face on each of its three sides. The tower was built by Stainless Steel Tower of Pennsylvania. The top section has a 53-foot aerial mast with a side mount dipole antenna for the transmission of analog television programs. The digital antenna is a side mount made by Dielectric and is mounted at 1,200 feet. It was completed in 1985 and is the property of LIN TV. WUPW airs regional and national sports programming from Fox Sports. Local teams that appear on WUPW include Detroit Lions regular season games (from NFL on Fox). Since its normal coverage area reaches within 75 miles of the Lions' home Ford Field, it is part of the Lions' blackout area.

On January 11, 2012, it was reported that LIN Media would sell WUPW to American Spirit Media, a company owned by Thomas B. Henson, for $22 million.[2] As part of the acquisition, WUPW entered into a shared services agreement (SSA) with Raycom Media's WTOL; three other American Spirit Media stations are located in markets with a Raycom-owned "Big Three" network affiliated station, and the American Spirit Media stations in all three of those markets are also operated by Raycom through SSAs.[3] The acquisition and shared service agreement was finalized by the two stations on April 20, 2012. All remaining WUPW staff now operates from WTOL's facility, but WUPW's management and sales departments remain separate from their WTOL counterparts.[4]

Carriage disputes[edit]

On October 2, 2008, Time Warner Cable’s contract to carry WUPW on its cable system expired and lost the right to carry this channel's programming as a result. On October 29, the station and Time Warner reached a contract for carrying both analog and high definition signals. However, customers in Erie County (except the immediate Sandusky area) and Huron County no longer receive WUPW on local cable. This area is included in Time Warner's Northeastern Ohio region and is served accordingly by Cleveland's WJW.[5]

On December 12, 2012 at 5PM, Buckeye CableSystem ceased broadcasting of WUPW, due to a dispute between the cable system, American Spirit and Raycom Media. The dispute was over the increase in rates to carry the station in light of its low ratings and American Spirit's purchase of WUPW, in which they gave control of the station to WTOL. Since that date, CableSystem viewers saw a notice about the dispute in WUPW's channel position explaining the dispute.[6]

Charter Communications/Fox restrictions[edit]

WUPW was dropped in 2012 from Charter Communications for southeastern Michigan subscribers due to new Fox contractual restrictions disallowing duplicative carriage of out-of-market Fox affiliates to protect the network's ratings and local station revenue; in this case Fox's owned and operated Detroit station WJBK (Channel 2) serves as the affiliate in that market. WUPW could air in the market, but only if most programming, including all Fox programming, except for local newscasts, infomercials and syndicated programming not claimed by any Detroit station was blacked out, so Charter (which has also had major issues in Michigan with WJBK's carriage outside of Detroit over the years) chose to drop the station completely. This issue has also affected many other markets and Fox affiliates.

Digital television[edit]

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming
36.1 720p 16:9 WUPW-HD Main WUPW programming / Fox
36.2 480i 4:3 WUPW-SD Bounce TV
36.3 480i 4:3 WUPW-ES Escape (TV network)

On November 18th 2014, Escape (TV network) was added to 36.3 on WUPW.

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

On June 12, 2009, WUPW turned off its analog signal. The station's digital signal remained on channel 46 following the digital transition.[7] PSIP is used to display WUPW's virtual channel as 36. In early 2010, the FCC received an application from WUPW to nearly double its power from 110 to 200 kilowatts.[8]

WUPW's high definition-ready 8VSB digital transmitter was first turned on for broadcasting in 2003. The transmitter is a liquid-cooled solid state system and quickly became known as a very reliable signal as other stations in the Toledo area struggled with the Inductive output tube type of transmitter during the birth of digital television in Northwestern Ohio. The WUPW transmitter has a great deal of redundancy: sixteen amplifiers and hot standby back-up digital exciters. It also has its own on-board computer system to watch over critical systems. The WUPW transmitter site has an emergency diesel generator to keep the station on-the-air even if a total loss of electrical power were to occur in the city.

News operation[edit]

Fox Toledo News Daybreak open.

On January 28, 1996, WUPW began to air a weeknight primetime newscast produced by CBS affiliate WTOL, Fox 36 News at 10, which was discontinued on July 31, 2000 with the debut of a new independently produced newscast, Fox Toledo News at 10. The broadcast was extended to an hour on August 6, 2001 with a five-minute "Fastcast" review of news, weather, and sports ending at 11 while also expanding to seven nights a week. On January 5, 2004, WUPW launched Fox Toledo News First at 4 on weekdays with the nightly 10 o'clock show renamed as First at 10 and an updated set and new graphics. In November 2006, this station took over third-place ranking in viewership in the November ratings period, a position previously held by WNWO. In September 2010, the station began to offer limited morning news and weather cut-ins in a two-hour programming block of syndicated sitcoms known as The Morning Zone[9]

September 24, 2007 saw the expansion of First at 4 to an hour. This newscast was canceled on January 11, 2010 and replaced with a show that airs weeknights at 6:30 against national news programs seen on the big three networks. Its weather radar is currently known as "StormTrack Doppler". Throughout its existence, WUPW's news department has won many awards. The channel maintains partnerships with the Toledo Free Press, Bowling Green Sentinel-Tribune, Findlay Living Magazine, Wauseon Fulton County Expositor, and at one time, on WNWT-AM 1520.

In early January 2012, long time news anchor Laura Emerson left the station and moved to Kentucky to join NBC affiliate WPSD. Laura Emerson had been with WUPW for over 16 years and had been with the station since its very first newscast in 1996.[10] Her final broadcast at WUPW was on January 6, 2012. She has since returned to Toledo on WNWO-TV

As a result of its sale to American Spirit Media, WUPW's in-house news department was shut down and WTOL took over production of the station's newscasts on April 23, 2012; which included 6:30 and 10:00 PM newscasts aired by WUPW beginning on April 23, 2012, and a morning newscast added on June 11, 2012, along with a shift to high definition newscasts. Former anchor and executive producer Shaun Hegarty did not remain with the station after the merger, as he moved over to WTVG as an investigative reporter. The two stations also introduced a shared website, ToledoNewsNow.com.[4][11]

References[edit]

External links[edit]