Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah)

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Mosque Imam Abadullah, Salamia, Syria, renovated by Dawoodi Bohra.
Mousoleum Imam Abadullah, Salamia.

Aḥmad al-Wafī (True name: ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl (عبد اللّه بن محمد بن إسماعيل); born: 179 AH, died: 212 AH, 828 AD Salamiyya, Syria, Imam: 193-212 AH, 809-828 AD) is the eighth Ismaili Imam. He was surnamed "al-Wafi". As the Imam, he was the supreme spiritual leader of the Ismaili community from his appointment until his death. The Nizari and Mustaali trace their Imamate lines from him and his descendants who founded the Fatimid Empire. He was succeeded by his son, Taqi Muhammad (Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd Allāh).[1]

"kabra mubarak"Imam Abadullah,Salamia

The 8th to 10th Ismaili Imams were hidden from the public, because of threats from the Abbassid caliphate, and were known by their nicknames. However, the Dawoodi Bohra in their religious text, Taqqarub, claim to have the true names of all 21 imams in sequence including those "hidden" imams: 8th Imam ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad the true name/ (Wafī Aḥmad), 9th Imam Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd Allāh (Taqī Muḥammad), and the 10th Imam al-Ḥusayn ibn Aḥmad (Raḍī ʿAbd Allāh).[2][3]

Residence at Salamia, Syria[edit]

As per Ismaili.net [4] residence history of Salamia is as follows:

"The Ismaili dais in search of a new residence for their Imam came to Salamia and inspected the town and approached the owner, Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Saleh, who had transformed the town into a flourishing commercial centre. They told him that there was a Hashimite merchant from Basra who was desirous of settling in the town. He readily accepted and pointed out to them a site along the main street in the market, where existed a house belonging to a certain Abu Farha. The Ismaili dais bought it for their Imam and informed him about it. Wafi Ahmad arrived to his new residence as an ordinary merchant. He soon pulled down the old building and had new ones built in its place; and also built a new wall around it. He also built a tunnel inside his house, leading to the desert, whose length was about 12 miles. Money and treasures were carried on camels to the door of that tunnel at night. The door opened and the camels entered with their loads inside the house."

Photo placed here shows the mousoleum of the Imam. Near his kabra mubarak ("blessed grave"), the tunnel opening still exists.

External links[edit]

Tunnel imam salamia
  • List of Syednas (according to Dawoodi Bohras)
  • The Ismaili, their history and doctrine by Farhad Daftary
  • Religion,learning and science by Young Lathan
  • Medieval Islamic civilisation by Joseph w. Meri, Bacharach
  • Sayyida Hurra: The Isma‘ili Sulayhid Queen of Yemenby Dr Farhad Daftary
  • The Uyun al-akhbar is the most complete text written by an Ismaili/Tayyibi/Dawoodi 19th Dai Sayyedna Idris bin Hasan on the history of the Ismaili community from its origins up to the 12th century CE. period of the Fatimid caliphs al-Mustansir (d. 487/1094), the time of Musta‘lian rulers including al-Musta‘li (d. 495/1101) and al-Amir (d. 524/1130), and then the Tayyibi Ismaili community in Yemen.

Some of his ancestors, relatives and the tree of the Ismāʿīlī Shia Islam[edit]

Tree of the Ismāʿīlī Shia Islam.
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah)
Imam of Nizari Ismailism
Ismailcalli.png
Rank Eighth Ismāʿīlī Imām
Given name Abadullah
Kunya Abu Muhammad
Birth 179 AH
(approximately 795/796)
Death 212 AH
(approximately 827/828)
Birthplace Medina
Buried Salamiyah, Syria
Titles az-Azbab-i-Itlaq (Absolute lord), Al-Wafi
Spouse(s) ???
Father Muhammad ibn Ismail
Mother Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali
Children Taqi Muhammad (successor)

Shiite Calligraphy symbolising Ali as Tiger of God.png


 
 
 
 
 
İbrahim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
İsmail
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qedarites
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adnān
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mālik
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quraysh
Fihr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harith
 
Muhārib
 
Gālib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salabah
 
 
 
 
 
Lu'ay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sûrayr
 
 
 
 
 
Kâ'b
 
Sayl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mûrrah
 
Sa'd
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hind
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kilab ibn Murrah
 
Fatimah bint Sa'd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qusai ibn Kilab
 
 
 
 
 
Hubba bint Hulail
 
Zuhrah ibn Kilab
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Waqida bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
 
ʿAbd Manāf ibn Zuhrah
 
ʿĀtika
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf
 
Atikah bint Murrah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbd Shams ibnʿAbdManaf
 
Hala
 
Barra
 
 
Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf
 
Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf
 
 
 
Hashemites
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Banu Nawfal
 
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
 
Barra
 
Wahb ibn 'Abd Manaf
 
Abusayfah
 
‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
Asad ibn Hashim
 
Nazle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harb
 
 
 
Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah
 
 
 
Aminah bint Wahb
 
‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
 
Al-Hakam ibn Abi al-'As
 
 
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
 
Muhammed
(Family tree)
 
Khadijah (Daughters)
 
 
Ali
(Family tree)
 
Khawlah bint Ja'far
 
ʿAbd Allâh bin `Abbâs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muawiyah I
 
 
Marwan ibn al-Hakam
 
 
Uthman ibn Affan
 
Ruqayyah bint Muhammad
 
Fatimah Zahra
 
 
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
 
Al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi
(Kaysān’îyyah)
 
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ummayads
 
 
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
 
 
Hasan al-mujtaba
 
Mother of Fātimāh
 
Hussein ibn Ali (Family)
 
Shahrbanu
 
Abu Hāshim al-Hānafiyyah (Kaysān’īyyah)
 
 
Muhammad "al-Imām"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yazid I
 
 
Zayd ibn al-Hasan
 
Hasan al-Mu'thannā
 
Fatimah bint Hasan
 
Ali Zayn
al-‘Āb’i-Dīn
 
Jayda al-Sindhi
 
As-Saffah
 
Ibrāheem "al-Imām"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muawiyah II
 
 
Hasan ibn Zayd ibn Hasan
 
ʿAbd Allāh al-Kāmil
 
Farwah bint al-Qasim
 
Muhammad al-Baqir
(Imāmah)
 
Zayd ash-Shaheed
(Zaidiyyah)
 
Abbasids
 
Jāʿfar ibn Abī Tālīb
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali Zayn
al-‘Āb’i-Dīn
 
 
Ismā‘il ibn Hassan
 
 
Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
 
Hamīdah al-Barbariyyah Khātūn
 
Jāʿfar al-Sādiq (Imamāh‘Shi'ā)
 
Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram
 
Hasan ibn Zayd’ûl-Alavī (Tabaristan)
 
 
ʿAbd Allāh ibn Jāʿfar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Umar al-Ashraf
 
 
Muhammed ibn Ismā‘il
 
 
Idris ibn ʿAbd Allāh
 
Ummul Banīn Najmah
 
Musa al-Kadhim
(Athnā‘ashariyyah)
 
Ismā‘il
(Ismā‘il’īyyah)
 
 
Yāhyā ibn Zayd’ûl-Alavī
 
 
Ismā‘il ibn ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Alī
 
 
Zayyed
 
 
Idrisids
 
Sabīkah Khayzurān
 
Ali al-Ridha
 
Muhammed
 
 
Hussein
 
ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Hussayn
 
 
 
Dā‘ī al-Kabīr
 
 
Ibrāhim
 
Sumānah
 
M. al-Jawād
 
Al-Wafi
 
 
Yāhyā
 
al-Hussayn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Alī
 
Al-ṣāghīr
 
 
 
Yāhyā
 
Hadīthah/Sūsan/Savīl
 
‘Alī al-Hādī
 
At-Tāqī
 
 
‘Umar
 
Fatımā
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Nāṣīr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narjis
 
Hasan al-Askari
 
Ar-Rāḍī
 
 
 
 
Yāhyā Kufī
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alavids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad Mahdi
 
Mahdi Billāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Twelve Imams (Twelvers)
 
Fatimids (Ismailism)
 
Al-Aftāh (Aftāhīyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Qā'im
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mansur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mu'izz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Aziz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hakim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Az-Zahir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mustansir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizār al-Muṣṭafá (Nizārīyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mustā‘lī (Mustā‘līyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Āmīr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alamut Castle (Hassasins)
 
Al-Hāfeez (Ḥāfīzīyyah)
 
Aṭ-Ṭāyyīb (Ṭāyyībīyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Zāfīr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizārī Imāmah
 
Al-Fā'īz
 
Taiyabi Dā'ĩs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Āḍīd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizārī Ismāilism
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dawoodi Bohra-Dā'ĩs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ayyubids
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ WAFI AHMAD (197-212/813-828)
  2. ^ The dua (prayer) "Taqarrub" lists these names amongst the Imams.
  3. ^ “In addition to what has been concluded from this study, the following deductions can also be drawn: To the Ismāʿīlīs, the names of the hidden Imams after Muhammad ibn Isma'il ibn Ja'far are: Abdallah ibn Muhammad (better known in Isma'ili circles as Ahmad al-Wafi), Ahmad ibn Abdallah (better known as Muhammad at-Tāqī), Husayn ibn Ahmad (better known as ʿAbd Allāh ar-Raḍī/al-Zakī) and Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Ḥusain (better known as ‘Ubayd Allah ibn al-Husayn, with al-Madhī as title)." - Quarterly Journal of the American University of Beirut, Vol. XXI. Nos. 1 2, Edited by Mahmud Ghul,The Hidden Imams of the Ismailis, Sami N.Makarem
  4. ^ http://www.ismaili.net/histoire/history04/history419.html Wafi Ahmad in Salamia