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He was one of the earliest modern Chinese geologists, and is regarded as the founder of modern Chinese geology and the father of modern Chinese oil industry in much literature.
In 1912, after obtaining his doctor's degree in geology, he went back to China. He served as the Minister of Mine Industry and the Minister of Agriculture and Commerce, Beiyang Government. At the same time, he was also a lecturer and the chief professor (director, from 1914) of the National Research Institute of Geography.
He was also a professor of geology in both Beijing University and Tsinghua University. He once was the head of the Department of Geography, Tsinghua University. In Jul. 1931, he started serving as the acting president of Tsinghua University.
In 1928, he assisted Canadian paleoanthropologist Davidson Black in the establishment of the Cenozoic Research Laboratory for the research and appraisal of Peking Man fossils unearthed at Zhoukoudian.
During the period of Central (Provisional) Military Government of the Republic of China, he served in the central government as the General Secretary of the Executive Yuan (13 December 1935 – 9 September 1937); the Minister of Industry (till 1 January 1938), Minister of Education (28 October 1932 – 21 April 1933), and the Minister of Economy (1 January 1938 – 1947).
In March 1948, he was selected to be a member of the Academia Sinica. After the establishment of the PRC, he also became a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Academia Sinica is based in Taipei, with most members living in Taiwan and the United States.
After 1949 & Late years
Academic achievements & activities
- One of the founders of modern Chinese geography;
- Set up modern Chinese oil industry;
- Studies of the Peking Man;
- Studies of earthquake in China.
He had four sons, the eldest one named Weng Xinyuan (翁心源), was a famous petroleum engineer who was killed in Cultural Revolution, the second oldest one named Weng Xinhan（翁心翰） was a pilot who was killed in the Second Sino-Japanese War.
- Studies of Earthquakes in Gansu Procince (《甘肃地震考》)
- A Brief Record of Minerals in China (《中国矿产志略》)
- Literary Collection of Zhuizhi (《椎指集》)
- Mourn for Mr. Ding Zai-Jun (《追悼丁在君先生》)
- Earthquake (《地震》)
- Quadrumana Fossils in China (《中国灵长类动物化石》)
- The First Record on Chinese Mine Industry (《第一次中国矿业纪要》)
- Paleozoic Plant Fossils in the Middle Part of Shanxi Province (《山西中部古生代植物化石》)
- An Elementary Introduction to Earthquake (《地震浅说》)
- Lectures on Geology (《地质学讲义》)
Books on him
- Chronicle of Weng Wenhao, (《翁文灏年谱》), Oct. 2005
- Weng Wenhao's Outstanding Contributions to Chinese Oil Industry, (《翁文灏的石油业绩》)
- Selected Works of Weng Wenhao (《翁文灏选集》)
|Premier of the Republic of China