Wind power in Wyoming
Wyoming has one of the highest wind power potentials of any United States (U.S.) state. Wyoming's geography of high-altitude prairies and broad ridges makes the state an ideal site for the development of wind resources. Other factors that positively affect Wyoming's wind power development potential are the high percentage of land owned by the federal government, the low population density, and the historical importance of the mining and energy sectors to the state's economy. A chief disadvantage to large-scale wind power production in the state are Wyoming's relative distance from major population centers, and the lack of transmission capacity.
Wyoming's first wind farm was the Foote Creek Rim wind project located near Arlington. This 85 MW wind farm, completed in 1999, is in one of the windiest locations in the state, and due to average winds of 25 mph it has a capacity factor of 43% of peak output annually, which is higher than most wind farms. In 2008 the state's largest wind farm was the 144 MW Wyoming Wind Energy Center, located in Uinta County, near Evanston.
|Megawatts of Installed Generating Capacity
In November 2008, the New York Times reported a land rush in Wyoming in anticipation of future wind power development projects. Citizens and land-owners in Wyoming have formed numerous "wind associations" in the hopes of collectively bargaining for higher compensation for the use of their land in wind power production and transmission projects. Most of these associations are located in the wind-power dense counties of southeastern Wyoming, including Platte, Converse, Goshen and Laramie counties.
The Chokecherry and Sierra Madre Wind Energy Project comprises the largest commercial wind generation facility proposed in North America. Power Company of Wyoming has applied to the BLM to build approximately 1,000 wind turbines in an area located south of Rawlins, Wyoming, in Carbon County. The project is proposed to generate 2,000 to 3,000 megawatts (MW) of electricity and construction may take 3–4 years with a project life estimate of 30 years.
The White Mountain Wind Energy Project is a proposed 360 MW wind farm which would result in the construction of up to 240 turbines on White Mountain just northwest of Rock Springs.
|Wyoming Wind Generation (GWh, Million kWh)|
- Foote Creek Rim retrieved 26 February 2009
- Wyoming Wind Energy Center retrieved 26 February 2009
- "Wind Powering America: Installed U.S. Wind Capacity and Wind Project Locations". U.S. Department of Energy. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- Barringer, F. "A Land Rush in Wyoming Spurred by Wind." New York Times. 27 Nov 2008.
- Bureau of Land Management (2011-07-22). "Chokecherry/Sierra Madre Wind Energy Comment Period Opens".
- Bureau of Land Management (November 22, 2011). "2012 Renewable Energy Priority Projects".
- Transporting wind turbine components
- EIA (July 27, 2012). "Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.A.". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- EIA (July 27, 2012). "Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.B.". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- EIA. "Electricity data browser - 1.17". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
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