Utility-scale wind power in Arizona began in 2009 with the commissioning of the first phase of the Dry Lake Wind Power Project in Navajo County.
Installed capacity and wind resources
The following table compares the growth in wind power installed nameplate capacity in MW for Arizona and the entire United States since 1999.
Average annual wind power density map for Arizona at 50m above ground
On February 11, 2010, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory released the first comprehensive update of the wind energy potential by state since 1993, showing that Arizona had potential to install up to 10.9 GW of onshore wind power nameplate capacity, generating 30.6 TWh annually. For comparison, Arizona consumed 69.391 TWh of electricity in 2005; the entire U.S. wind power industry was producing at an annual rate of approximately 50 TWh at the end of 2008; Arizona's Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station produced 26.782 TWh in 2007; and Three Gorges Dam (the world's largest electricity-generating station) produced an average of 80 TWh/yr in 2008 and 2009.
Dry Lake Wind Power Project in Navajo County is Arizona's first utility-scale wind farm. Phase 1 consists of 30 Suzlon 2.1 MW wind turbines, for a total nameplate capacity of 63 MW. Iberdrola Renewables built the wind farm for $100 million, and sells the output to Salt River Project.
As of 2012, BP Wind Energy of North America proposes building the Mohave County Wind Farm project comprising up to 258 wind turbines on federally managed lands in Mohave County. The site – about 49,000 acres of public land – is in the White Hills area about 40 miles northwest of Kingman and 20 miles southeast of Hoover Dam. The project should have up to 500 MW of capacity and construction may be in phases. Transmission lines are planned to connect to existing Western Area Power Administration lines.
Small-scale wind power
The ASU School of Sustainability
Flagstaff is the home of Southwest Windpower.
The ASU School of Sustainability in Tempe, Arizona features an array of small wind turbines on its roof, with real-time data available to the public through the ASU Campus Metabolism web site.
According to the USDOE, each 1000 MW of wind power capacity installed in Arizona will annually save 818 million gallons of water and eliminate 2.0 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions.
For comparison, Arizona emitted a total of 101,510,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide in 2007.
- ^ a b c Randazzo, Ryan (2009-05-12). "Harvesting Arizona wind". Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- ^ a b c "U.S. Wind Energy Projects - Arizona". American Wind Energy Association. 2009-12-31. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- ^ "Estimates of Windy Land Area and Wind Energy Potential by State for Areas >= 30% Capacity Factor at 80m" (XLS). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- ^ "Arizona Wind Activities". National Renewable Energy Laboratory. 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- ^ "Electric Power and Renewable Energy in Arizona". USDOE, EERE. 2008-06-25. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- ^ "Arizona Quick Facts". USDOE, EIA. 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- ^ Bureau of Land Management (2011-09-27). "Mohave County Wind Farm Project".
- ^ Campus Metabolism
- ^ Lantz, Eric; Tegen, Suzanne (October 2008). "Economic Benefits, Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions Reductions, and Water Conservation Benefits from 1,000 Megawatts (MW) of New Wind Power in Arizona" (PDF, 514kB). EERE, NREL. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- ^ CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion - Million Metric Tons CO2