Wind power in Arizona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wind power projects in Arizona
  Green pog.svg Operating
  Orange pog.svg Under construction
  Purple pog.svg Proposed
  Black pog.svg Canceled or decommissioned

Utility-scale wind power in Arizona began in 2009 with the commissioning of the first phase of the Dry Lake Wind Power Project[1][2] in Navajo County.

Installed capacity and wind resources[edit]

The following table compares the growth in wind power installed nameplate capacity in MW for Arizona and the entire United States since 2005.[2]

Year Arizona US
2005 0 9,149
2006 0 11,603
2007 0 16,819
2008 0 25,170
2009 63 35,159
2010 128 40,180
2011 138 46,919
2012 238 60,007
2013 238 61,108
Installed capacity by state as of 2011 (animated map of installed capacity growth)
Average annual wind power density map for Arizona at 50m above ground

Arizona has the potential to install up to 10.9 GW of onshore wind power nameplate capacity, generating 30.6 TWh annually.[3][4] For comparison, Arizona consumed 69.391 TWh of electricity in 2005;[5][6] the entire U.S. wind power industry was producing at an annual rate of approximately 50 TWh at the end of 2008; Arizona's Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station produced 26.782 TWh in 2007; and Three Gorges Dam (the world's largest electricity-generating station) produced an average of 80 TWh/yr in 2008 and 2009.

Wind farms[edit]

Dry Lake Wind Power Project in Navajo County is Arizona's first utility-scale wind farm. Phase 1 consists of 30 Suzlon 2.1 MW wind turbines, for a total nameplate capacity of 63 MW.[1][2] Iberdrola Renewables built the wind farm for $100 million,[1] and sells the output to Salt River Project.

As of 2012, BP Wind Energy of North America proposes building the Mohave County Wind Farm project comprising up to 258 wind turbines on federally managed lands in Mohave County. The site – about 49,000 acres of public land – is in the White Hills area about 40 miles northwest of Kingman and 20 miles southeast of Hoover Dam. The project should have up to 500 MW of capacity and construction may be in phases. Transmission lines are planned to connect to existing Western Area Power Administration lines.[7]

Small-scale wind power[edit]

The ASU School of Sustainability

Flagstaff is the home of Southwest Windpower.

The ASU School of Sustainability in Tempe, Arizona features an array of small wind turbines on its roof, with real-time data available to the public through the ASU Campus Metabolism[8] web site.

Environmental impact[edit]

According to the USDOE, each 1000 MW of wind power capacity installed in Arizona will annually save 818 million gallons of water and eliminate 2.0 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions.[9]

For comparison, Arizona emitted a total of 101,510,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide in 2007.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]