Wind power in Michigan
Wind power in Michigan is a developing industry. The industrial base from the automotive industry has led to a number of companies producing wind turbine parts in the state; however, the development of wind farms in the state has lagged behind. As of January 2013, there were 641 wind turbines in the state with a nameplate capacity of 978 MW.
Michigan's requirement for 10 percent renewable energy by 2015 has led to increased alternative development in the state since it was passed in 2008. A ballot initiative requiring 25% by 2025 failed in 2012. In 2011, the Environmental Law & Policy Center identified over 100 businesses in Michigan involved in engineering and manufacturing wind turbine components, employing 4,000 people.
"Wind Powering America: Installed U.S. Wind Capacity and Wind Project Locations". U.S. Department of Energy. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.</ref> |}
The first commercial wind turbine installed in the state, a 0.6 MW model, was erected in Traverse City in 1996. It remained the only turbine for several years. Traverse City Light & Power has announced a project to generate 30% of its power from renewable sources by 2020. In 2001 Mackinaw City installed 2 turbines rated at 0.6 MW each. Laker Elementary School in the Thumb region installed three 65KW turbines and a 10KW one, totaling 0.2 MW in 2005. The first wind farm in the state was the Harvest Wind Farm in the Thumb, opened in December 2007, with 32 turbines producing a rated 53 MW.
A number of new projects are proposed in Michigan. In the Thumb region, which has most of Michigan's high-quality onshore wind, 140 miles of new 345 kilovolt lines are being built to support the hundreds of proposed new turbines.
Michigan has potential for offshore wind power in the Great Lakes but development has been delayed by political considerations. A proposed wind farm in Lake Michigan at Ludington was rejected in 2010.
|Beebe Wind Farm||81.6||Gratiot County |
|Garden Wind Farm||28||Garden Township, Delta County|
|DTE/Invenergy Gratiot County Wind Project||213||Gratiot County|
|Echo Wind Park||20||Huron County|
|Harvest Wind Farm I||53||Huron County|
|Harvest Wind Farm II||59||Huron County|
|Lake Winds||100.8||Mason County |
|Mackinaw City||1.8||Mackinaw City|
|Michigan Wind 1||69||Ubly|
|Michigan Wind 2||90||Minden City|
|Stoney Corners||60||McBain, Michigan|
|Traverse City||0.6||Traverse City|
|Tuscola Bay||120||Tuscola, Bay, Saginaw counties|
|Michigan Wind Generation (GWh, Million kWh)|
Michigan used 104,632 GWh in 2011.
- Wind power in the United States
- List of wind farms in the United States
- List of power stations in Michigan
- Michigan Utility Scale wind Farms, Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, December 2012
- Ballot Initiative Would More Than Double Michigan’s Renewable Portfolio Standard, CleanTechnica, Silvio Marcacci, January 15, 2012
- The Solar and Wind Energy Supply Chain in Michigan, Environmental Law & Policy Center, 2011
- Wind Energy Facts: Michigan, AWEA, January 2012
- Traverse City’s Utility Goes Greener, Michigan Land Use Institute, Glen Puit, May 20, 2009
- A Michigan school district goes green, inspiring young minds., EJ Magazine, Gordon Shetler, Spring 2008
- Harvest Wind Farm Facts, Wolverine Power Supply Cooperative, 2011
- Michigan's Largest Wind Farm Enters Commercial Operation, North American Windpower, 06 June 2012
- New Michigan transmission line to multiply wind capacity, Midwest Energy News, Jeff Kart, January 10, 2012
- Off-Shore Wind Deal Goes South, Interlochen Public Radio, June 9, 2010
- U.S. Wind Energy Projects - Michigan, AWEA, 2011
- Michigan Wind, Exelon Corporation
- Garden Wind Farm, Heritage Sustainable Energy
- Turbines begin operation at DTE Energy's Echo Wind Park
- Lake Winds construction complete; Ludington-area wind farm praised for boosting Mason County, mlive.com, Dave Alexander, September 21, 2012
- Wind turbines in motion: Lake Winds Energy Park up and running in Mason County, mlive.com, November 26, 2012
- Exelon's Michigan Wind 2 Project Now Operational, PRNewswire-FirstCal, Jan. 5, 2012
- Stoney Corners Wind Farm, Barton Marlow
- EIA (July 27, 2012). "Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.A.". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- EIA (July 27, 2012). "Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.B.". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- EIA (February, 2013). "Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.A.". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- EIA (February 2012). "Electric Power Monthly Table 5.4.B.". United States Department of Energy. p. 118. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
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