Wolfson College, Oxford
|Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford
|College name||Wolfson College|
|Motto||"Humani nil alienum" (Homo sum, humani nil alienum a me puto) |
|Named after||Sir Isaac Wolfson|
|Previously named||Iffley College|
|Sister college||Darwin College, Cambridge|
|President||Professor Hermione Lee|
|Undergraduates||none (graduate-only college)|
|Location||Linton Road, Oxford|
|Blazon||Per pale gules and or on a chevron between three roses and two pears all countercharged the roses barbed and seeded proper.|
Wolfson College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Located in north Oxford along the River Cherwell, Wolfson is an all-graduate college with over sixty governing body fellows, in addition to both research and junior research fellows. It caters to a wide range of subjects, from the humanities to the social and natural sciences. The college is also Oxford University's most international and interdisciplinary graduate college, with students from 75 nationalities enrolled in masters and doctoral programs.
The liberal philosopher Sir Isaiah Berlin was the college's first president, and was instrumental not only in its founding in 1965, but establishing its tradition of academic excellence and egalitarianism. The college houses The Isaiah Berlin Literary Trust and the annual Isaiah Berlin Lecture. The current president of Wolfson College is Dame Hermione Lee.
- 1 History and character
- 2 Buildings and grounds
- 3 Sports and punting harbour
- 4 Academics
- 5 Notable People Associated with Wolfson College
- 6 Fellows
- 7 Presidents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
History and character
The college began its existence with the name Iffley College, which offered a new community for graduate students at Oxford, particularly in natural and social sciences. Twelve other colleges of the university provided grants to make the establishment of Iffley possible. As of 1965, the college had neither a president nor a building. Berlin set out to change this, eventually securing support from the Wolfson Foundation and Ford Foundation in 1966 to establish a separate site for the college, which included 'Cherwell', the former residence of J.S. Haldane and his family, as well as new buildings built around it. Isaac Wolfson generously contributed to the foundation of the college. In recognition of his contribution the college's name was changed to Wolfson College.
But Berlin's work as the president of the college was far from over. Formally taking over the reins of the college in 1967, he envisioned Wolfson to be a centre of academic excellence but, unlike many other colleges at Oxford, also bound it to a strong egalitarian and democratic ethos. In Berlin's words, the college would be 'new, untrammelled and unpyramided'.
If Berlin was the inspiration and beacon for this most modern of academic institutions, its birth and early shape would not have happened without the tireless backroom work of Berlin's Vice President, Michael Brock, formerly of Corpus Christi College. They were a formidable team and ensured Berlin's ideals were largely achieved. Wolfson is perhaps the most egalitarian college at Oxford, with few barriers between students and fellows. There is no high table, only one common room for all the members of the college, and gowns are worn only on special occasions. Graduate students serve on the college's governing body and participate in General Meetings. Berlin's reputation and presence in the early years also helped shape the intellectual character of the college, attracting many distinguished fellows like Niko Tinbergen, who won a Nobel Prize for his studies in animal behavior in 1973. Berlin's own prominence in the humanities helped attract many graduate students like Henry Hardy, interested in political philosophy and the history of ideas.
Buildings and grounds
The college owns land on both sides of the River Cherwell and has a private footbridge bridge across the river. It has one of the most modern buildings of all the Oxford colleges. The construction of the main building of the college was completed in 1974. It was designed by the Powell and Moya Architects. The college's main building has three quadrangles: the central quadrangle named the Berlin Quad after Isaiah Berlin, as well as the Tree Quad built around established trees, and the River Quad into which the Cherwell has been diverted to form a punt harbour. One of the distinctive features of the grounds is the preservation of mature trees around and within the buildings. The main buildings and bridge were grade II listed in June 2011.
The college has student accommodation in the main college building, in three child-friendly courtyards surrounded by family housing, and also has similar accommodation in a scattering of purpose-built blocks, including the Robin Gandy Buildings, and in existing houses on Linton Road, Chadlington Road and Garford Road. The college also owns the adjacent house and orchard which is currently occupied by the Bishop of Oxford.
The college library, which occupies both the floors of one wing of the college's main building, has the main library on the first floor, approachable from the side of the dining hall and the lodge, and two other collections, called the Floersheimer Room and the Hornik Memorial Room on the ground floor. A mezzanine floor in the main library has books as well as carrels for individual use of graduate students of the college. The library has already emerged as an extensive collection of books and journals.
Common room and hall
The college has one common room for fellows and graduate students. The common room has two floors: the upper common room, with an attached terrace overlooking the punting harbour, which has a bar and a coffee counter, and the lower common room, which has magazines and newspapers. The college's hall is one of the few in the university to have common table. The 'Haldane Room', a hall adjacent to the dining hall proper, is where formal meals, especially the convocation lunch, are held.
The college owns grounds on both sides of the river, including two meadows on the opposite side, towards Marston. It has a small but well maintained garden behind its main building, and beside the river. The garden is landscaped well on the river-bank, with a flight of steps leading up to a green-house and a sundial. The college also has a smaller garden beside the Robin Gandy building, which stands on the banks of the river.
Sports and punting harbour
The college has its own squash court and croquet lawn, and takes part in many university sporting events, including cricket, soccer, and the yearly rowing competition. It is one of the few in Oxford with its own punting harbour, with a well maintained fleet of punts for use by all members of the college community. There is a boat club on the ground floor of 'C' Block, for this purpose, which is under the supervision of the Admiral of Punts, chosen annually from the existing student body of the college.
Being a graduate college, it had, as of 2008, 614 students, 454 of whom were DPhils. The remainder were studying for the MPhil, MSc, MSc by Research, MSt, MSt by Research, MBA, EMBA, MLitt, MLitt by Research, BPhil, and Cert degrees. The college does not accept MJur or LLB candidates. It is also home to Oxford's Centre for Korean Studies and the International Association of Tibetan Studies. It was also home to the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Oxford, which has now moved to an independent location of the city. The Foundation for Law, Justice and Society, which is affiliated with the College and the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, has been based at these offices since 2005.
Notable People Associated with Wolfson College
Wolfson is associated with a number of prominent individuals. These include former students, Fellows of the college and past Presidents. As Wolfson is a graduate-only college, most students will have been associated with another college or institution, before coming to study at Wolfson for a Masters or DPhil degree.
Fellows of the college include William Bradshaw, Baron Bradshaw, Member of the House of Lords, Anthony Epstein, discoverer of the Epstein-Barr virus, Steven Schwartz, Vice Chancellor of Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia, and Niko Tinbergen, Dutch ethologist and Nobel prize winner.
A list of people associated with Wolfson College, Oxford. This includes former students, Fellows and Presidents of the college.
- Michael Butler, is Professor of Computer Science at the University of Southampton, UK
- Dame Kay Davies, Human Geneticist
- Richard Ellis, extragalactic astronomer, Steele Professor at Caltech and former Director, Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge
- Artur Ekert, one of the pioneers of quantum cryptography, and winner of the Maxwell and Hughes medals, and the Descartes Prize
- Jonathan Foster, leading academic in cognitive neuroscience, consultant neuropsychologist, writer, broadcaster
- Alison Gopnik, Professor of Psychology, Affiliate Professor of Philosophy, University of California at Berkeley
- Michael Hinchey, Irish computer scientist, Director at the Irish Software Engineering Research Centre (Lero), University of Limerick, Ireland
- Nigel Hitchin, British mathematician, winner of the Sylvester Medal
- Michele Mosca, quantum scientist known for his work on quantum algorithms and NMR quantum computation
- James R. Norris, leading mathematician working in probability theory and stochastic analysis, Professor of Stochastic Analysis in the Statistical Laboratory, University of Cambridge
- Nicolaas Adrianus Rupke, a Dutch historian of science, who began his academic career as a marine geologist
- Ib Holm Sørensen, noted computer scientist who made contributions to the Z notation and B-Method
- Michael Spivey, British computer scientist at the University of Oxford, who wrote an Oberon-2 compiler.
- Karim Asad Ahmad Khan, Prosecutor in the UN International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, counsel before Special Courts in East Timor and Sierra Leone
- Dame Hazel Genn, leading authority on civil justice
- The Hon. Justice Francisco Rezek, distinguished Brazilian jurist and member of the International Court of Justice and formerly Foreign Minister of Brazil
History & Literature
- Bashir Abu-Manneh, Assistant Professor of literature at Barnard College, a liberal arts college affiliated with Columbia University
- Joe Andrew, Professor of Russian Literature at Keele University
- Henry Hardy, author and editor, publisher of Isaiah Berlin's papers
- Josef W. Meri, leading specialist in Islam in the pre-modern period, Islamic cultural and social history
- Iain Pears, popular British novelist, art historian
Politics & Government
- Tony Buti, Australian politician and Australian Labor Party member of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly
- Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani, is a businessman, former Iranian government official, and the fourth child of Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, former President of Iran
- Simon Upton, formerly Minister of Health, Environment and Science and Technology and member of the National Party
- Mike Woodin, former principal speaker for the Green Party of England and Wales (later Fellow of Balliol)
- Nafisa Shah, Member of Pakistan's National Assembly (MNA), Chairperson of Pakistan's National Commission for Human Development, nominated for a collective Nobel Peace Prize under "1000 Women for Peace" category.
- Muhammad Sohail Anwar Choudhry, Senior Official (Deputy Secretary) for Government of Punjab, Pakistan
- Don Elder, New Zealand engineer and businessman, CEO of the New Zealand mining and energy company Solid Energy.
- Samson Abramsky, computer scientist and developer of domain theory in logic form, game semantics and categorical quantum mechanics
- Leonie Archer, historian and leading authority on women in Jewish antiquity
- Isaiah Berlin, regarded as one of the twentieth century's most influential liberal philosophers
- Kanti Bajpai, Former Headmaster, The Doon School, India
- John Barnes, developer of the Ada programming language
- William Bradshaw, Baron Bradshaw, Member of the House of Lords
- Donald Broadbent, experimental psychologist
- Sebastian Brock, leading expert in Syriac language
- Amit Chaudhuri, novelist
- Christopher Davis, reader in Command and Transition Economies
- Norman Davies, noted English historian of Welsh descent
- Simon Digby, oriental scholar
- Anthony Epstein, discovered the Epstein-Barr virus
- Robin Gandy, mathematician and logician
- Raymond Hoffenberg, endocrinologist and medical scientist and prominent opponent of apartheid in South Africa
- Tony Hoare, computer scientist, developer of Quicksort the widely used sorting algorithm
- Roger Moorey, British archeologist and keeper of antiquities at the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford
- Gareth Roberts, physicist and influential figure in shaping British policy on the sciences
- Sumit Sarkar, Indian historian, former Professor of history, Delhi University
- Erich Wolf Segal, American author and screenwriter, wrote the screenplay for The Beatles' 1968 motion picture Yellow Submarine
- Steven Schwartz, Vice Chancellor of Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia
- Jon Stallworthy, Professor Emeritus of English, University of Oxford, UK
- Bryan Sykes, world renowned human geneticist
- Niko Tinbergen, Dutch ethologist and Nobel prize winner
- Geza Vermes, Christian and Jewish historian and leading authority on the Dead Sea Scrolls
- Isaiah Berlin, 1967–1975
- Henry Fisher, 1975–85
- Raymond Hoffenberg, 1985–93
- Jim Kennedy, (acting), 1993–1994
- David Smith, 1994–2000
- Jon Stallworthy, (acting), 2000
- Gareth Roberts, 2000–2007
- Jon Stallworthy, (acting), 2007–2008
- Hermione Lee, 2008–present
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wolfson College, Oxford.|
- (A quote from the Roman playwright Terence: I am a human being and I consider nothing that concerns human beings alien to me)
- "Oxford's Most Un-Oxfordian College" Oxford Royale Academy
- "Oxford College Endowment Incomes, 1973-2006". Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. (updated July 2007)[dead link]
- Ignatieff, Michael (1998). Isaiah Berlin: A Life. Chatto & Windus. ISBN 0-7011-6325-9.
- "The National Heritage List for England". Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Official website".
- "Foundation for Law, Justice and Society website".