Oxford University Polo Club
|Oxford University Polo Club|
|University||University of Oxford|
|First Varsity Match||27 November 1878|
|Known as||Dark Blues|
|Home Grounds||Kirtlington Park Polo Club
East End Farm, North Leigh
|Affiliation(s)||Hurlingham Polo Association
|Senior Member||Dunja Aksentijevic|
|Head Coach||David Ashby|
|Trophies||The Varsity Trophy given by the Hurlingham Club in 1920
Winter League Trophy
Summer Cuppers Trophy
|Team Colour||Dark Blue #002147|
The Oxford University Polo Club (often referred to as OUPC) is the half blues sports club for competitive polo at Oxford University. Founded in 1874 it is one of the three oldest continuing polo clubs world wide. Its annual Varsity Match against Cambridge established in 1878 is the 2nd oldest continuing Polo Fixture in the Western World. It is played at Guards Polo Club, England, usually at the beginning of June.
The Oxford University Polo Club was founded in 1874 by Walter Hume Long (1854–1929), later Viscount Long of Wraxall and First Lord of the Admiralty. Together with his group of friends going up from Wiltshire to Oxford, he founded this new club with matches on a cut hay-field in Port Meadow near Wolvercote (Oxford). This field, which was 280 yards long by 170 yards wide was to become the foundation for the club’s own pologrounds for decades to come. The ground was later on prepared with old turf and could be played on in all weather conditions as it hardly ever cut up (from 1930 on as well boarded). During the winter months, matches took place on the Bullingdon Club cricket ground (Cowley) as the summer pitch in Port Meadow was near the river and subject to flooding. The club played all year round, mostly on hirelings; playing days were Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays and the number of playing members seems to have averaged about a dozen. First records show that the club was playing in Hurlingham in 1876 as well as organising an exhibition match between Christ Church and Brasenose College at Christ Church Meadow on the 1st of July 1877.
The Varsity match against Cambridge was initiated in 1877. The match was played at the Bullingdon Cricket Ground in Oxford on the 27 of November 1877, making it one of the oldest Varsity matches amongst the Blues Sports at Oxford University. From the following year until 1939, the match was held at the Hurlingham Club, with the exceptions of 1894 and 1900 and during the First World War when no games were played (1915–1919). During the first decade, teams consisted of five members until the set up changed in 1883 replaced by the modern game of polo. Amongst the club coaches were Captain James Pearce, Lord Cowdray and Winston Churchill, who was a keen polo player himself and who came over to Port Meadow frequently from Blenheim to play polo and to help the Oxford Varsity team "by giving them a good gallop and a pipe-opener before the inter“[-Varsity]. As a trophy, both clubs awarded commissioned silver coins. The Challenge Cup was given by the Hurlingham Club when the match was revived after the war in 1920. Copies of the Challenge Cup were given to individual players. The war brought also an end to the Oxford University Open Tournament, with a high standard of teams up to 18 Goals. No challenge cup was attached to this competition.
From the very beginning of the club many members went on to become first-class polo players. William Kavanagh, who played in the first Varsity match in 1878, became one of the first high-handicapped players and played for England several times against the USA. After helping his side win the 1882 Varsity match, Tommy Hitchcock Sr. soon became one of America’s leading players. He captained his national team within three years of leaving and was among the first 10-goal players. His son Thomas Hitchcock, Jr. followed in his father's footsteps. As a 10-goal player he led the U.S. team to victory in the 1921 International Polo Cup, one year after his time at Oxford.
Near the turn of the century, the Oxford team included the three Nickalls brothers, two of whom went on to represent England. Their contribution at university level saw the Dark Blues romp to a 15-0 victory in 1898. Five years later, an American arrived at Oxford who was to become another 10-goal player and more famous than any of his predecessors – Devereux Milburn. Not content with gaining a rowing Blue and being on the swimming team, Milburn guided the polo team to victory in successive Varsity matches, wining by a margin of 14 goals on both occasions. Even swimming and playing polo against the same university on one day was no problem for him. He soon graduated to international level, playing number four for his country in every match between 1909 and 1927. Universally described as ‘the greatest back there has ever been’, in his prime he had no equal. He was a pivotal member of the mighty ‘Big Four’, the greatest side to play during that era, and one that changed the way the back position is played. Previously, the English regarded the back’s role as similar to a goal-keeper in football, i.e. to stay by the goal and defend. Whereas before, polo was a gentleman’s preoccupation. Milburn made a job of it.
After the Second World War, it was with the help of Henley Polo Club that OUPC was able to start anew. The Varsity fixture was renewed in 1951 and played at Woolmers Field through the courtesy of the former Cambridge player George Lucas and Cowdray Park through the courtesy of Viscount Cowdray, an Old Oxonian who had represented the Dark Blues in the 1930s and who represented the H.P.A. as Steward and Chairman from 1947-1957. From 1961 onwards (no match was played in 1960), the venue for the match was decided annually, with the choice alternating between universities. Oxford then preferred Kirtlington Park Polo Club which became the home of the OUPC in 1954. Since 1994, the Varsity match is played at Guards Polo Club (with exceptions in 1995, 2006 and 2009).
During the late sixties and early seventies, when Charles, Prince of Wales played for the Cambridge side, polo at Oxford enjoyed a winning streak with eight wins in a row. Ironically, one of the strongest teams ever entered saw this streak ending. In 1974, Shahid Ali and A. Goetz were both on three goals, with the remaining players one-goalers. Cambridge could only form a team with a total handicap of minus one but were nonetheless victorious. Many of the players from this period are now well-known figures in the polo world. General Sir Redmond Watt played off a two-goal handicap while at university and subsequently became one of the highest rated Old Blue after the war when he peaked at five-goals. Claire Tomlinson (née Lucas), who was rated at nought-goals at university, became one of polo’s few true masters of the number one position and the first woman in the world to rise to five goals. She swept away the rule forbidding women in British high-goal and became the first to compete on equal terms with men at the top tier. Her participation in the Varsity Match 1964 as the very first female player was a milestone in the history of the match. In 1966, she became the very first female captain of OUPC. It was also through the coaching of her father Arthur Lucas and his Easter Vacation Training Camps at Woolmer's Park, at the home of the Lucas family, that many young riders got encouraged to start playing polo at university.
Another milestone was reached in 1994: for the first time in the history of any mixed university sport, the teams which contested the Varsity match were both captained by women (Jacqui Broughton, Oxford and Emma Tomlinson, Cambridge). In the last decade Oxford had another purple patch with five successive wins in 2007-11. In 2012, the winning streak came to an end when Oxford entered a strong +2 team against a -5 team on the Cambridge side losing 2-13. The following year saw an unprecedented rise in membership and club activities under the chairmanship of Andreas Kranke, over 100 new members, the establishment of intercollegiate 'Cuppers' and an intercollegitate Winter League. The 2013 Varsity Match was won 11-3 with the help of new addition Lanto Sheridan, who holds the highest handicap reached by post-war players while still at university. The series now stands at 59:56 in Oxford’s favour.
The club caters for players of all ability levels, even complete beginners who have no experience in riding. Polo sessions including club chukkas are held throughout the year. These are run in conjunction with polo professional and H.P.A. Coach David Ashby and The Oxford Polo School, based at Kirtlington Park Polo Club. Athletes have the opportunity to attend additional theory lessons during term time as well as an intense training camp during the vacations. The club genuinely desires to broaden public participation in the sport, both to increase the standard of play and to go against the traditional social and economic exclusivity associated with the game. Arena polo (or indoor polo) is an affordable option for many who wish to play the sport, and the club offers reduced lesson prices for students and helps covering the entry fees for tournaments. The result is that the popularity of the club has grown steadily since the 1990s and the club has more than 100 active members (June 2013).
The match format is extremely unusual as it is traditionally not handicapped. Teams are also mixed which is rare opportunity amongst the Oxford University Blues sports. The original conditions are as followed:
"No player eligible who has been a member of his University for more than four years, or who has not been in residence during the term in which the match takes place. Instituted in 1878. Played generally at Hurlingham, in June."
Currently, polo is a half blue sport. Only 4 half blues can be awarded at the discretion of the captain with regards to the impact made in the Varsity team. No half blues are offered to the members of the 2nd or 3rd team. Oxford and Cambridge take it in turns to host the B-Team Varsity event on a separate weekend during Trinity Term. The Old Blues match serves as the traditional curtain raiser for Varsity Day.
The Club runs termly inter-college polo competitions, or 'Cuppers'. In Michaelmas and Hilary Term (Arena Polo Season) it stages an intercollegiate Winter League. In Trinity Term (Outdoor Polo Season) it conducts an event on grass as a knockout competition on one weekend only. Colleges enter teams of three players. Only one guest from another college is allowed or the team runs under the category of a mixed team.
Nationals and fixtures
The Club competes in numerous exhibition matches and tournaments every year all over the UK, and increasingly abroad. It participates in the two main university tournaments, the Winter Nationals in Hilary and the Summer Nationals in Trinity organised by SUPA, the Schools and Universities Polo Association. The Atlantic Cup was traditionally played annually between Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard and Yale, but has not been held for some time.
Active members and alumni compete all over the world, most recently at the British Polo Day in Dubai. Fixtures in 2013-14 include the British Army, Luxembourg Polo Club, Brookes University, University of London, and Skidmore College. In 2013, the Club was invited to play in the inaugural Metropolitan Intervarsity Polo Tournament in Tianjin, China, against teams from Cambridge, Harvard, and Yale. The 2014 tournament will take place in July.
In the 1917 novel of Hilda M. Sharp, "The Stars in their Courses" (published by G. P. Putnam's) the young Hon. Patrick Kirkpatrick is a dashing horse rider and polo player at Christ Church, Oxford who runs himself into debts through gambling and his love for polo and hunting.
Author F. Scott Fitzgerald loosely modeled two characters in his books on Tommy Hitchcock, Jr.: Tom Buchanan in The Great Gatsby (1925) and the Tommy Barban character in Tender Is the Night (1934).
Notable players and alumni
- Walter Long, 1st Viscount Long, Christ Church (1854-1924)
- Thomas Hitchcock, Sr., Brasenose (1860-1941)
- William Cavendish-Bentinck, 6th Duke of Portland, Christ Church (1857-1943)
- Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Brasenose (1861-1928)
- Charles Trefusis, 21st Baron Clinton, (1863-1957)
- Piers Alexander, Viscount Valletort, (1865-1944)
- Simon Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat, Magdalen (1871-1933)
- George Child Villiers, 8th Earl of Jersey, Balliol (1873-1923)
- Patteson Womersley Nickalls, New College (1877-1946)
- Charles Duncombe, 2nd Earl of Feversham, Christ Church (1879-1916)
- Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor, New College (1879-1952)
- Thomas Agar-Robartes, Christ Church (1880-1915)
- Devereux Milburn, Lincoln (1881-1942)
- Rajendra Narayan II, Maharaja of Cooch Behar, Christ Church (1882-1913)
- Neil Primrose, New College (1882-1917)
- Harold Pearson, 2nd Viscount Cowdray, Christ Church (1882-1933)
- George Bampfylde, 4th Baron Poltimore, New College (1882-1965)
- Archibald Leslie-Melville, 13th Earl of Leven, Christ Church (1890-1947)
- Prince Serge Obolensky, (1890-1978)
- Edward VIII, Magdalen (1894-1972)
- Tommy Hitchcock, Jr., (1900-1944)
- Francis Hastings, 16th Earl of Huntingdon, Christ Church (1901-1990)
- Weetman Pearson, 3rd Viscount Cowdray, Christ Church (1910-1995)
- Charles Wood, 2nd Earl of Halifax, Christ Church (1912-1980)
- George Petty-Fitzmaurice, 8th Marquess of Lansdowne, Christ Church (1912-1997)
- Arthur Budgett, Christ Church (1916-2011)
- George Haig, 2nd Earl Haig, Christ Church (1918-2009)
- Claire Tomlinson, Somerville (b. 1944)
- H.R.H. Prince Hassan bin Talal, Christ Church (b. 1947)
- Redmond Watt, Christ Church (b. 1950)
- H.R.H. Crown Prince Abdullah of Pahang, Worcester (b. 1959)
- François Perrodo, St Peter's (b. 1977)
- Lanto Sheridan, Harris Manchester (b. 1988)
- The oldest Polo Fixture, the Inter-Regimental Cup was established earlier the same year.
- "Archive". Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Horace A. Laffaye: The Evolution of Polo. London 2009, p. 24.
- J. Moray Brown: Polo. London 1896, p. 133.
- Horace A. Laffaye: The Polo Encyclopedia. London: McFarland 2004, p. 283.
- The Polo Year Book. County Polo Association. 1931. p. 78.
- Captain James J Pearce: Everybody’s Polo. London 1951, p. 30.
- J. Moray Brown: Polo. London 1896, p. 134.
- "Polo Club Archive". Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- Polo Monthly: 428. September 1931.
- E.D. Miller: Modern Polo. London: 1922, 4th ed, p. 400.
- Pearce, James J. Everybody's Polo. Robert Hale.
Author of "The Horse Rampant", "Everybody's Polo" etc
- Polo Monthly: 91. May 1931.
- Captain James Pearce: Everybody’s Polo. London: Robert Hale 1949, p. 31.
- Polo Monthly. Hurlingham Polo Association: 296. 1932.
- "Polo Monthly". July 1911. p. 377. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "The Polo Monthly". July 1910. p. 370. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- Horace A. Laffaye: The Evolution of Polo. London 2009, p. 139.
- Horace A. Laffaye: The Evolution of Polo. London 2009, p. 102.
- E.D. Miller: Fifty Years of Sport. London: Hurst & Blackett 1923, p. 240.
- "2009 Westchester Cup International High Goal Polo". Westchestercup.org. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
- Horace A. Laffaye: The Evolution of Polo. London: Mc Farland & Company 2009, p. 44.
- Henley Polo Club at Friar Park was founded in 1947 by Major Archie David and became part of Guards Club in 1955. Friar Field was left as a spare polo field for Guards.
- Horace A. Laffaye: Polo in Britain. A History. Ondon, MdFarland & Company 2012, p. 168.
- Hurlingham Polo Association. 1994. p. 37.
- "History". Oxforduniversitypoloclub.com. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
- Eton Players (1990). HPA Handbook 1990. Hurlingham Polo. p. 47.
- Horace A. Laffaye: The Evolution of Polo. McFarland & Company: London 2012, p. 207.
- Justin Cartwright: This secret Garden. Oxford revisited. Oxford 2008, p. 164.
- "Training". Oxforduniversitypoloclub.com. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
- "Welcome to The Oxford Polo School - Polo Lessons and Livery near Oxford". Theoxfordpoloschool.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
- Modern Polo, by E.D. Miller, London: Thacker and Co. 1896 p. 399.
- "Home". Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- "Fixtures". Oxforduniversitypoloclub.com. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
- "The Stars in their Courses". G.P. Putnam. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2290227/Texas-oil-honcho-polo-playing-father-Great-Gatsby-inspiration-sues-book-dealer-750-000-inscribed-edition-stolen-home.html?ito=feeds-newsxml Texas oil honcho whose polo playing father was 'Great Gatsby' inspiration sues book dealer over $750,000 inscribed first edition stolen from his home
- http://www.nypost.com/p/news/national/fight_for_the_great_dad_sby_6RievlJ3Y8fEt16uHRVHbI Son claims his LI dad was 'Great Gatsby' inspiration - and someone stole his $750G book