Built to allow the Port of Shanghai to grow despite shallow waters near the shore, it allows berths with depths of up to 15 metres (49 ft) to be built, and can handle today's largest container ships. The port is built on the islands of Greater and Lesser Yangshan, part of the Zhoushan archipelago, with fill from land reclamation.
It is connected to the mainland via the 32.5 km (20.2 mi) Donghai Bridge, opened on 1 December 2005 as the world's longest sea bridge. The six-lane highway bridge took 6,000 workers two and half years to construct.
In 2000 and 2001, the decision was made to commence construction on the first of four phases. The first two phases have nine berths in total along a 3 km (1.9 mi) quayside. The first phase, which opened in 2004, can accommodate 2.2 million containers annually and includes 10 quay cranes. The second phase was opened in December 2006, and comprises 72 hectares (180 acres) with 15 quay cranes. The third phase, opened in stages, was completed in 2010 with seven berths. The fourth phase, expected to open in 2015, will add 4 million TEUs to the port's annual capacity.
Land reclamation of Yangshan Deepwater Port
- Barbosa, David (December 11, 2005). "Shanghai opens new shipping port". New York Times. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
- "Yangshan Deep-water port’s TEU traffic may climb to 12.3 million". Marine News China. 24 June 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
- China Daily http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2007-01/26/content_793875.htm
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved July 15, 2011.
- National Geographic: Megastructures has an episode about the port