Û

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Û, û (u-circumflex) is a letter of the Latin script.

Usage[edit]

Romanization[edit]

Romanization from Cyrillic[edit]

This letter is used in some standards of Cyrillic transliteration as the letter Ю:

Romanization from Chinese[edit]

It is used in Wade-Giles (one of the romanization systems in Chinese) for apical dental unrounded vowel as in tzû, tz'û, ssû, corresponds to present zi, ci, si in Pinyin respectively.

General writing systems[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

In Afrikaans, û is a punctuated form of u and a usage example includes "brûe", plural of "brug" (= bridge).

Emilian-Romagnol[edit]

Û represents [uː] in Emilian dialects: in the Bolognese dialect, anvûd [aŋˈvuːd] means "nephews".

French[edit]

In French, û does not change the pronunciation of the letter u except in jeune "young", which is still often pronounced differently from jeûne "a fast". In some other words like mû, the circumflex has no disambiguating value; attempts have been made to abolish it in such words. See Circumflex in French. Û also often appears in words that used to have an "s" after the "u": the French word for August, août, used to be written aoust.

Friulian[edit]

Û represents the sound //.

Italian[edit]

Û is occasionally used to represent the sound /uː/ in words like fûrono (they were).

Kurdish[edit]

Û is used in Latin Kurmanjî in the Kurdish alphabet to represent a close central rounded vowel, /ʉ/.

Polish[edit]

In the Masovian dialect, û represents /ju:/.

Turkish[edit]

Û indicates palatalization of the preceding consonant: "sükûnet" (quietness) is pronounced /sycuːˈnet/.

Welsh[edit]

In Welsh, û is used to represent a long stressed u [ɨː] or [iː] when, without the circumflex, it would be pronounced as a short [ɨ] or [ɪ]: cytûn [kəˑtɨːn, kəˑtiːn] "agreed", bûm [bɨːm, biːm] "I was" as opposed to bum [bɨm, bɪm] "five" (soft-mutated prenominal form).

Character mappings[edit]

Character Û û
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 219 U+00DB 251 U+00FB
UTF-8 195 155 C3 9B 195 187 C3 BB
Numeric character reference Û Û û û
Named character reference Û û
EBCDIC family 251 FB 219 DB
ISO 8859-1/3/4/9/10/14/15/16 219 DB 251 FB

See also[edit]