Û, û (u-circumflex) is a letter of the Emilian-Romagnol, French, Friulian, Kurdish, and Turkish alphabets. This letter was used in the ISO 9:1995 system of Cyrillic transliteration as the letter Ю and also in Wade-Giles (one of the romanization systems in Chinese) for apical dental unrounded vowel as in tzû, tz'û, ssû, corresponds to present zi, ci, si in Pinyin respectively. It is also in Taos.
Usage in various languages
In Afrikaans, û is a punctuated form of u and a usage example includes "brûe", plural of "brug" (= bridge).
Û is used to represent [uː] in Emilian dialects, e.g. Bolognese anvûd [aŋˈvuːd] "nephews".
In French, û does not change the pronunciation of the letter u. In some words, it is used to differentiate two homographs (such as jeune "young" versus jeûne "a fast"). In certain other words such as mû, the circumflex has no disambiguating value; attempts have been made to abolish it in words such as these. See Circumflex in French. Û also often appears in words which used to have an "s" after the "u" but the "s" disappeared from the word over time. An example of this is the French word for August: août. In English, the 's' was kept, but in French it disappeared and was replaced by adding an accent circumflex to the previous vowel.
Û is used to represent the sound /uː/.
Û was seldom used to represent the sound /uː/ in words like fûro (they were).
Û is used to indicate the consonant before "u" is palatalized, as in "sükûnet" (quietness), pronounced /sycuːˈnet/.
In Welsh, û is used to represent long stressed u [ɨː] or [iː] when, without the circumflex, the vowel would be pronounced as short [ɨ] or [ɪ], e.g., cytûn [kəˑtɨːn, kəˑtiːn] "agreed", or in bûm [bɨːm, biːm] "I was", as opposed to bum [bɨm, bɪm] "five" (soft-mutated prenominal form).
In Masovian alphabet, û is used to represent /ju:/.
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX||LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX|
|UTF-8||195 155||C3 9B||195 187||C3 BB|
|Numeric character reference||Û||Û||û||û|
|Named character reference||Û||û|