August

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"Aug." redirects here. For other uses, see Aug.
This article is about the month. For other uses, see August (disambiguation).
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Depiction of harvesting in the August calendar page of the Queen Mary Psalter (fol. 78v), ca. 1310.

August is the eighth month of the year (between July and September) in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and one of seven months with a length of 31 days.[1]

In the Southern Hemisphere, August is the seasonal equivalent of February in the Northern Hemisphere. In many European countries, August is the holiday month for most workers.

Certain meteor showers take place in August. The Kappa Cygnids take place in August with the dates varying each year, the Alpha Capricornids meteor shower takes place as early as July 10 and ends at around August 10, and the Southern Delta Aquariids take place from mid-July to mid-August with the peak usually around July 28–29. The Perseids, a major meteor shower, typically takes place between July 17 - August 24, with the days of the peak varying yearly.

The star cluster of Messier 30 is best observed around August.

This month was originally named Sextilis in Latin, because it was the sixth month in the original ten-month Roman calendar under Romulus in 753 BC, when March was the first month of the year. About 700 BC it became the eighth month when January and February were added to the year before March by King Numa Pompilius, who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 45 BC giving it its modern length of 31 days. In 8 BC it was renamed in honor of Augustus (despite common belief, he did not take a day from February; see the debunked theory on month lengths). According to a Senatus consultum quoted by Macrobius, he chose this month because it was the time of several of his great triumphs, including the conquest of Egypt.[2]

In ancient Rome, Supplicia canum was held on August 3, Lychnapsia was held on August 12, Nemoralia was held from August 13–15 (or on the full moon of August), Tiberinalia and Portumnalia were held on August 17, Consuales Ludi was held on August 18, Vinalia rustica was held on August 19, Vulcanalia was held on August 23, Opiconsivia was held on August 25, and Volturnalia was held on August 27. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

August is the month with highest birth rate in the United States.[3]

August symbols[edit]

Observances[edit]

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

Non-Gregorian observances, 2016[edit]

(please note that all Jewish observances, which are set by the Hebrew calendar, begin at sunset the day prior to the date listed and end on the sunset of the date in question)

Month-long observances[edit]

United States month long observances[edit]

  • National Black Business Month[25]
  • National Children's Vision and Learning Month[26]
  • National Immunization Awareness Month[27]
  • National Water Quality Month[28]
  • National Win with Civility Month[29]

Food Months in the United States[edit]

Movable Gregorian observances, 2016[edit]

1st Monday - August 1[edit]

1st Tuesday - August 2[edit]

1st Friday - August 5[edit]

1st Saturday - August 6[edit]

Sunday on or closest to August 9 - August 6[edit]

1st Sunday - August 7[edit]

2nd Monday - August 8[edit]

2nd Tuesday - August 9[edit]

2nd Saturday - August 13[edit]

2nd Sunday - August 14[edit]

3rd Monday - August 15[edit]

3rd Friday - August 19[edit]

Third Weekend - August 20–21[edit]

3rd Saturday - August 20[edit]

3rd Sunday - August 21[edit]

Last Thursday[edit]

Sunday nearest August 26 - August 28[edit]

Last Sunday - August 28[edit]

Sunday Nearest August 26 - August 28[edit]

Last Monday - August 29[edit]

Fixed Gregorian Observances[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "August." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 23 September 2008.
  2. ^ "Year of Julius Caesar, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), William Smith, LLD, William Wayte, G. E. Marindin, Ed.". 
  3. ^ "In Which Month Are the Most Babies Born?". LiveScience.com. 
  4. ^ Birth months, flowers, and gemstones[permanent dead link], shgresources.com
  5. ^ http://www.watmetta.org/news/Uposatha2016.1.pdf
  6. ^ a b http://www.hellenion.org/calendar/2016/2016HellenionCalendar.html
  7. ^ http://islamicfinder.org/calendar/
  8. ^ http://islamicfinder.org/calendar/
  9. ^ http://www.sikkim.gov.in/portal/portal/StatePortal/CitizenSpace/OfficialCalendar?201608
  10. ^ http://islamicfinder.org/calendar/
  11. ^ http://islamicfinder.org/calendar/
  12. ^ https://badipublishing.com/index.php/holy-days-2016/
  13. ^ http://www.officeholidays.com/countries/sri_lanka/index.php
  14. ^ http://www.festivalsofindia.in/MonthWise/
  15. ^ http://islamicfinder.org/calendar/
  16. ^ "www.americanadventures.info". 
  17. ^ "Children's Eye Health and Safety Month". 
  18. ^ "Online Events". 
  19. ^ https://www.ced.org/blog/entry/august-is-get-ready-for-kindergarten-month
  20. ^ https://www.remithome.com/newsletter-august-2012.html
  21. ^ "AANS". 
  22. ^ "Psoriasis Awareness Month - Take Action, One Day at a Time - National Psoriasis Foundation". 
  23. ^ "Cure SMA - Home". 
  24. ^ "What Will Be Your Legacy Month". 
  25. ^ "12th annual National Black Business Month". National Black Business Month. 
  26. ^ "August is Vision & Learning Month - College of Optometrists in Vision Development (COVD)". 
  27. ^ "National Immunization Awareness Month - NIAM - CDC". 
  28. ^ "August is National Water Quality Month". GoodSpeaks. 
  29. ^ "MHprofessional.com". 
  30. ^ a b c d e f "Food Days, Weeks, Months - August". UNL Food. University of Nebraska–Lincoln. 
  31. ^ Bober, Mike. Celebrate National Goat Cheese Month with Local Favorites, dcfoodies.com
  32. ^ "Why Is National Panini Month In August?". Food Republic. August 20, 2012. 
  33. ^ http://www.ccq.org/M07_CongeVacances.aspx?sc_lang=en&profil=GrandPublic
  34. ^ http://blogs.usda.gov/tag/national-farmers-market-week/
  35. ^ http://www.scienceweek.net.au/faq/
  36. ^ http://daysofyear.com/earth-over-shoot-day-or-ecological-debt-day/

Further reading[edit]