August

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Depiction of harvesting in the August calendar page of the Queen Mary Psalter (fol. 78v), ca. 1310.

August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, falling between July and September, and the fifth month to have the length of 31 days.[1] It was originally named Sextilis in Latin because it was the sixth month in the original ten-month Roman calendar under Romulus in 753 BC, and March was the first month of the year. About 700 BC, it became the eighth month when January and February were added to the year before March by King Numa Pompilius, who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 45 BC, giving it its modern length of 31 days. In 8 BC, it was renamed in honor of Augustus. According to a Senatus consultum quoted by Macrobius, he chose this month because it was the time of several of his great triumphs, including the conquest of Egypt.[2]

In the Southern Hemisphere, August is the seasonal equivalent of February in the Northern Hemisphere. In many European countries, August is the holiday month for most workers. Numerous religious holidays occurred during August in ancient Rome.[3]

Certain meteor showers take place in August. The Kappa Cygnids take place in August, with the dates varying each year. The Alpha Capricornids meteor shower takes place as early as July 10 and ends at around August 10, and the Southern Delta Aquariids take place from mid-July to mid-August, with the peak usually around July 28–29. The Perseids, a major meteor shower, typically takes place between July 17 and August 24, with the days of the peak varying yearly. The star cluster of Messier 30 is best observed around August.

Among the aborigines of the Canary Islands, especially among the Guanches of Tenerife, the month of August received in the name of Beñesmer or Beñesmen, which was also the harvest festival held this month.[4][5]

August symbols[edit]

Observances[edit]

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

Non-Gregorian observances, 2017[edit]

Month-long observances[edit]

United States month-long observances[edit]

  • National Black Business Month[19]
  • National Children's Vision and Learning Month[20]
  • National Immunization Awareness Month[21]
  • National Water Quality Month[22]
  • National Win with Civility Month[23]

Food Months in the United States[edit]

Movable Gregorian observances, 2017[edit]

1st Tuesday: August 1[edit]

Thursday before the first Monday: August 3[edit]

1st Friday: August 4[edit]

1st Saturday: August 5[edit]

1st Sunday: August 6[edit]

Sunday on or closest to August 9: August 6[edit]

1st Monday: August 7[edit]

2nd Tuesday: August 8[edit]

2nd Saturday: August 12[edit]

2nd Sunday: August 13[edit]

2nd Monday: August 14[edit]

2nd Tuesday: August 15[edit]

3rd Friday: August 18[edit]

3rd Saturday: August 19[edit]

Third Weekend: August 19–20[edit]

3rd Sunday: August 20[edit]

3rd Monday: August 21[edit]

Sunday nearest August 26: August 27[edit]

Last Sunday: August 27[edit]

Last Monday: August 28[edit]

Last Thursday: August 31[edit]

Fixed Gregorian Observances[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "August." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 23 September 2008.
  2. ^ "Year of Julius Caesar, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), William Smith, LLD, William Wayte, G. E. Marindin, Ed.". 
  3. ^ Supplicia canum was held on August 3, Lychnapsia on August 12, Nemoralia was held from August 13–15 (or on the full moon of August), Tiberinalia and Portumnalia on August 17, Consuales Ludi on August 18, Vinalia rustica on August 19, Vulcanalia on August 23, Opiconsivia on August 25, and Volturnalia on August 27. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.
  4. ^ Abréu Galindo, Juan de (1848) [1632]. Historia de la conquista de las siete islas de Gran Canaria. Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Imprenta, Litografía y Librería Isleña. 
  5. ^ Torriani, Leonardo (1959) [1590]. Descripción e historia del reino de las Islas Canarias: antes Afortunadas, con el parecer de sus fortificaciones. Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Goya Ediciones. 
  6. ^ "Why the American Gem Society". American Gem Society. 
  7. ^ Birth months, flowers, and gemstones, shgresources.com
  8. ^ "Sankranti 2017 Dates for New Delhi, India". panchang.astrosage.com. 
  9. ^ "Amavasya 2017 Date and Time – Amavasi Calendar in 2017 - The No moon Day in Hindu Calendar 2017". www.hindu-blog.com. 
  10. ^ "www.americanadventures.info". 
  11. ^ "Children's Eye Health and Safety Month". 
  12. ^ "Online Events". 
  13. ^ "August is Get Ready for Kindergarten Month!". Committee for Economic Development of The Conference Board. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  15. ^ "AANS". 
  16. ^ "Psoriasis Awareness Month - Take Action, One Day at a Time - National Psoriasis Foundation". 
  17. ^ "Cure SMA - Home". 
  18. ^ "What Will Be Your Legacy Month". 
  19. ^ "12th annual National Black Business Month". National Black Business Month. 
  20. ^ "August is Vision & Learning Month - College of Optometrists in Vision Development (COVD)". 
  21. ^ "National Immunization Awareness Month - NIAM - CDC". 
  22. ^ "August is National Water Quality Month". GoodSpeaks. 
  23. ^ "MHprofessional.com". 
  24. ^ a b c d e f "Food Days, Weeks, Months - August". UNL Food. University of Nebraska–Lincoln. 
  25. ^ Bober, Mike. Celebrate National Goat Cheese Month with Local Favorites, dcfoodies.com
  26. ^ "Why Is National Panini Month In August?". Food Republic. August 20, 2012. 
  27. ^ https://www.ccq.org/~/media/PDF/ConventionsCollectives/CalendarENG.pdf.pdf
  28. ^ a b "National Farmers Market Week - Farmers Market Coalition". 

Further reading[edit]