15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars

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15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars
15-19 Hussars Badge.jpg
Badge of 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars
Active 11 April 1922 - 1 December 1992
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Line Cavalry
Role Formation Reconnaissance
Size Regiment
Part of Royal Armoured Corps
Garrison/HQ Fenham Barracks, Newcastle upon Tyne
Motto(s) Merebimur (We shall be Worthy) (Latin)
Colours Blue - Yellow - Red & Blue
Anniversaries 21 December Sahagún Day
23 September Assaye Day
Commanders
Colonel-in-Chief HRH Princess Margaret
Insignia
Identification
symbol
NCOs - Royal Crest. All Ranks Assaye and Elephant on belt buckle.

The 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars was a cavalry regiment of the British Army. The regiment was formed by the amalgamation of the 15th The King's Hussars and the 19th Royal Hussars in 1922 and, after service in the Second World War, it amalgamated with the 13th/18th Royal Hussars to form the Light Dragoons in 1992.

History[edit]

Second World War[edit]

Covenanter tanks of 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars on parade at Wellingborough for inspection by Alexander Cadogan, 1 November 1941
A Cromwell tank of 15th/19th King's Royal Hussars advances through the rubble of Uedem, 28 February 1945

The regiment was created, as part of the reduction in cavalry in the aftermath of the First World War, by the amalgamation of the 15th The King's Hussars and the 19th Royal Hussars on 11 April 1922 to form the 15th/19th Hussars.[1] It briefly dropped the 19th numeral from its title in October 1932, becoming the 15th The King's Royal Hussars, before regaining it in December 1933.[1]

At the outbreak of the Second World War the regiment was based at York, serving as the divisional reconnaissance regiment for the 3rd Infantry Division.[2] The regiment was deployed with the division as part of the British Expeditionary Force, and fought in the Battle of France: it suffered heavy losses during the German advance and, having left all its armour and vehicles behind, took part in the Dunkirk evacuation.[3]

Following the withdrawal, the regiment was assigned to the 3rd Motor Machine Gun Brigade which was redesignated as the 28th Armoured Brigade and assigned to the 9th Armoured Division.[3] A cadre was detached to form the 23rd Hussars in December 1940.[1] The regiment remained in the United Kingdom until August 1944 when it was dispatched to France to serve as the divisional reconnaissance regiment for the 11th Armoured Division.[3]

Post war[edit]

The Regiment was deployed to Palestine in December 1945 and then to Sudan in November 1947.[4] It moved to Knightsbridge Barracks in Lübeck in October 1949 and to McLeod Barracks in Neumünster in November 1951.[4] It became recce regiment for 7th Armoured Division and relocated to Combermere Barracks in Wesendorf in March 1953.[4] In June 1954 it deployed to Malaya, with regimental headquarters and one squadron based at Ipoh and the other squadrons at Taiping and Raub, during the Malayan Emergency.[4] In June 1957 a troop was deployed to Muscat during the Jebel Akhdar War.[4] The regiment then joined 39th Infantry Brigade, moving to Lisanelly Camp in Omagh in August 1957 and then became an armoured car training regiment based at Deerbolt Camp near Barnard Castle in May 1959.[4]

The regiment re-roled as nuclear escort regiment based at Swinton Barracks in Munster in September 1961 and then moved to Bhurtpore Barracks at Tidworth Camp in January 1968.[4] It returned to West Germany where it joined 11th Infantry Brigade and moved to Wessex Barracks in Bad Fallingbostel in November 1969.[4] It became the garrisoned regiment at Long Kesh in August 1971, following the introduction of internment of Provisional Irish Republican Army suspects.[4] It transferred to Lisanelly Camp in Omagh in November 1974.[4] It then moved to a recce role, equipped with Scorpion and Fox, for 5th Infantry Brigade based at Aliwal Barracks in Tidworth Camp in May 1976 ; from there it deployed squadrons for the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus.[4]

In September 1977, the regiment was deployed back to Germany, where it was assigned to the 3rd Armoured Division and based at Alanbrooke Barracks in Paderborn: from there it continued to send units to Northern Ireland as part of Operation Banner and undertook guarding duties at the Maze Prison.[4] In November 1984, the main body of the Regiment returned to England as the Royal Armoured Corps Training Regiment at Bovington Camp in Dorset although one squadron was deployed to Cyprus, equipped with Ferret Scout Cars, to serve as the resident armoured car squadron.[4] As part of the post-Cold War defence reforms, the regiment amalgamated with the 13th/18th Royal Hussars to form the Light Dragoons on 1 December 1992.[1]

Battle honours[edit]

The regiment's battle honours were those of its predecessor regiments plus:[1]

  • The Second World War: Withdrawal to Escaut, Seine 1944, Hechtel, Nederrijn, Venraij, Rhineland, Hochwald, Rhine, Ibbenburen, Aller, North-West Europe 1940 '44-45

Notable soldiers[edit]

The following are notable former members of the regiment:

In popular culture[edit]

"A" Squadron of the 15th/19th Hussars appears in Episode 4 "Replacements" of the TV miniseries Band of Brothers during the assault on Nuenen.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 3 January 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  2. ^ Joslen, pp. 43–4
  3. ^ a b c "15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars". National Army Museum. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars". British Army units1945 on. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "Band of Brothers, Episode 4". Watch Series. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • Joslen, Lieutenant-Colonel H.F. (1960). Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945. London: HM Stationery Office. ISBN 1-84342-474-6.