1972 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||21 May - 11 June|
|Stages||20, including three split stages|
|Distance||3,725 km (2,315 mi)|
|Winning time||103h 04' 04"|
The 1972 Giro d'Italia was the 56th running of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours races. The Giro started in Venice on 21 May, with a 5.2 km (3.2 mi) prologue and concluded with a 197 km (122 mi) mass-start stage, on 11 June. A total of 100 riders from ten teams entered the 20-stage race, that was won by Belgian Eddy Merckx of the Molteni team. The second and third places were taken by Spaniards José Manuel Fuente and Francisco Galdós, respectively.
A total of ten teams were invited to participate in the 1972 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of ten riders, which meant that the race started with a peloton of 100 cyclists. From the riders that began this edition, 113 made it to the finish on the Milan.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stages
|1||21 May||Venice to Ravenna||196 km (122 mi)||Plain stage||Marino Basso (ITA)|
|2||22 May||Ravenna to Fermo||212 km (132 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Gianni Motta (ITA)|
|3||23 May||Porto San Giorgio to Francavilla al Mare||205 km (127 mi)||Plain stage||Ugo Colombo (ITA)|
|4a||24 May||Francavilla al Mare to Blockhaus||48 km (30 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||José Manuel Fuente (ESP)|
|4b||Blockhaus to Foggia||210 km (130 mi)||Plain stage||Wilmo Francioni (ITA)|
|5||25 May||Foggia to Montesano sulla Marcellana||238 km (148 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Fabrizio Fabbri (ITA)|
|6||26 May||Montesano sulla Marcellana to Cosenza||190 km (118 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL)|
|7||27 May||Cosenza to Catanzaro||151 km (94 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Gösta Pettersson (SWE)|
|8||28 May||Catanzaro to Reggio Calabria||160 km (99 mi)||Plain stage||Attilio Benfatto (ITA)|
|9||29 May||Messina to Messina||110 km (68 mi)||Plain stage||Albert Van Vlierberghe (BEL)|
|30 May||Rest day|
|10||31 May||Rome to Monte Argentario||166 km (103 mi)||Plain stage||Italo Zilioli (ITA)|
|11||1 June||Monte Argentario to Forte dei Marmi||242 km (150 mi)||Plain stage||Miguel María Lasa (ESP)|
|12a||2 June||Forte dei Marmi||20 km (12 mi)||Individual time trial||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|12b||Forte dei Marmi||20 km (12 mi)||Individual time trial||Roger Swerts (BEL)|
|13||3 June||Forte dei Marmi to Savona||200 km (124 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Wilmo Francioni (ITA)|
|14||4 June||Savona to Monte Jafferau||256 km (159 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|5 June||Rest day|
|15||6 June||Parabiago to Parabiago||168 km (104 mi)||Plain stage||Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL)|
|16||7 June||Parabiago to Livigno||256 km (159 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|17||8 June||Livigno to Passo dello Stelvio||88 km (55 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||José Manuel Fuente (ESP)|
|18||9 June||Sulden to Asiago||223 km (139 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL)|
|19a||10 June||Asiago to Arco||163 km (101 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL)|
|19b||Arco to Arco||18 km (11 mi)||Individual time trial||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|20||11 June||Arco to Milan||185 km (115 mi)||Plain stage||Enrico Paolini (ITA)|
|Total||3,725 km (2,315 mi)|
There were three main individual classifications contested in the 1972 Giro d'Italia, as well as a team competition. Two of them awarded jerseys to their leaders. The general classification was the most important and was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. The rider with the lowest cumulative time was the winner of the general classification and was considered the overall winner of the Giro. The rider leading the classification wore a pink jersey to signify the classification's leadership.
The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing in the top positions in a stage finish, with first place getting the most points, and lower placings getting successively fewer points down to fifteenth place. The rider leading this classification wore a purple (or cyclamen) jersey. The mountains classification was the third classification. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Climbs were ranked in first and second categories, the former awarded 50, 30, and 20 points while the latter awarded 30, 20, and 10 points. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Most stages of the race included one or more categorized climbs, in which points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit first. In addition there was the Cima Coppi, the Passo dello Stelvio, which was the highest mountain crossed in this edition of the race. For this designation it gave 200, 100, 80, 70, and 50 points to the first five riders summit the climb. The first rider over the Stelvio was José Manuel Fuente.
The final classification, the team classification, awarded no jersey to its leaders. This was calculated by adding together points earned by each rider on the team during each stage through the intermediate sprints, the categorized climbs, stage finishes, etc. The team with the most points led the classification.
||Mountains classification||Team classification|
|1||Marino Basso||Marino Basso||Marino Basso||not awarded||?|
|2||Gianni Motta||Gianni Motta|
|3||Ugo Colombo||Ugo Colombo||Franco Bitossi|
|4a||José Manuel Fuente||José Manuel Fuente||Gianni Motta|
|5||Fabrizio Fabbri||Franco Bitossi & Gianni Motta|
|6||Roger De Vlaeminck||Gianni Motta|
|7||Gösta Pettersson||Eddy Merckx||Franco Bitossi||Eddy Merckx & José Manuel Fuente|
|9||Albert Van Vlierberghe|
|11||Miguel María Lasa||Ferretti|
|12b||Roger Swerts||Eddy Merckx|
|13||Wilmo Francioni||Roger De Vlaeminck|
|14||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx||Molteni|
|15||Roger De Vlaeminck||Roger De Vlaeminck|
|16||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx||José Manuel Fuente||?|
|17||José Manuel Fuente|
|18||Roger De Vlaeminck||Roger De Vlaeminck|
|19a||Roger De Vlaeminck||Molteni|
|Final||Eddy Merckx||Roger De Vlaeminck||José Manuel Fuente||Molteni|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Points classification|
|1||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||103h 4' 04"|
|2||José Manuel Fuente (ESP)||KAS||+ 5' 30"|
|3||Francisco Galdós (ESP)||KAS||+ 10' 39"|
|4||Vicente López Carril (ESP)||KAS||+ 11' 17"|
|5||Wladimiro Panizza (ITA)||Zonca||+ 13' 00"|
|6||Gösta Pettersson (SWE)||Ferretti||+ 13' 09"|
|7||Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL)||Dreher||+ 13' 52"|
|8||Felice Gimondi (ITA)||Salvarani||+ 14' 05"|
|9||Miguel María Lasa (ESP)||KAS||+ 14' 19"|
|10||Santiago Lazcano (ESP)||KAS||+ 17' 42"|
|1||José Manuel Fuente (ESP)||KAS||490|
|2||Pierfranco Vianelli (ITA)||Dreher||350|
|3||Primo Mori (ITA)||Salvarani||260|
|4||Lino Farisato (ITA)||Ferretti||150|
|5||Vicente López-Carril (ESP)||KAS||100|
|6||Lino Farisato (ITA)||Ferretti||60|
|7||Fabrizio Fabbri (ITA)||KAS||50|
|Santiago Lazcano (ESP)||KAS|
|Silvano Schiavon (ITA)||G.B.C.-Sony|
|1||Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL)||Dreher||264|
|2||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||244|
|3||Miguel María Lasa (ESP)||KAS||182|
|4||Felice Gimondi (ITA)||Salvarani||167|
|5||Ole Ritter (DEN)||Dreher||130|
|6||Roger Swerts (BEL)||Molteni||121|
|7||Michele Dancelli (ITA)||Ferretti||116|
|8||José Manuel Fuente (ESP)||KAS||95|
|9||Albert van Vlierberghe (BEL)||Ferretti||82|
|10||Gösta Pettersson (SWE)||Ferretti||78|
Traguardi tricolori classification
|1||Giancarlo Polidori (ITA)||Scic||220|
|2||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||90|
|3||Guerrino Tosello (ITA)||Salvarani||40|
|Giacinto Santambrogio (ITA)||Salvarani|
|5||Marcello Bergamo (ITA)||Filotex||60|
|6||Michele Dancelli (ITA)||Scic||50|
|7||Albert van Vlierberghe (BEL)||Ferretti||40|
|Wladimiro Panizza (ITA)||Zonca|
|9||Roger Swerts (BEL)||Molteni||30|
|Emilio Casalini (ITA)||Salvarani|
|Mario Anni (ITA)||Ferretti|
|Wilmo Francioni (ITA)||Ferretti|
|Joseph Bruyère (BEL)||Molteni|
|Ugo Colombo (ITA)||Filotex|
|Fabrizio Fabbri (ITA)||Magniflex|
- "Detras de Merckx... ¡Solo Los Españoles!" [Behind Merckx... Only the Spanish!] (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 12 June 1972. p. 25. Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La Carica Dei Cento" [The Charge of a Hundred]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 20 May 1972. p. 8. Archived from the original on 2 January 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Bill and Carol McGann. "1972 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- Fotheringham 2013, p. 186-187.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "Regolamento" [Regulation]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 19 May 1966. p. 9. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Il Giro In Cifre" [The Tour In Figures]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 12 June 1972. p. 13. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Classificaciones Oficiales" [Official Classifications] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 12 June 1972. p. 26. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-01-02. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Paolini primattore nella gremita Piazza del Duomo" [Paolini leading man in the crowded Piazza del Duomo] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 12 June 1972. p. 7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 January 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Giro, Merckx verso il trionfo" [Tour, Merckx to triumph] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 11 June 1972. p. 19. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Fotheringham, William (2013). Half Man, Half Bike: The Life of Eddy Merckx, Cycling's Greatest Champion. Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1-6137-4726-1. Retrieved 10 May 2015.