1997 Southeast Asian Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

XIX Southeast Asian Games
1997 sea games.png
Host city Jakarta, Indonesia
Nations participating 10
Athletes participating 4696
Events 440 in 34 sports
Opening ceremony 11 October
Closing ceremony 19 October
Officially opened by Soeharto
President of Indonesia
Ceremony venue Senayan Main Stadium
Website 1997 Southeast Asian Games
Chiang Mai 1995 Bandar Seri Begawan 1999  >

The 1997 Southeast Asian Games (Indonesian: Pesta Olahraga Asia Tenggara 1997), officially known as the 19th Southeast Asian Games (Indonesian: Pesta Olahraga Asia Tenggara ke-19) was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held in Jakarta, Indonesia. This was the third time Indonesia hosted the games and its first time since 1987. Previously, Indonesia also hosted the games for the first time in 1979.

Around 4696 athletes from 10 participating nations participated at the games, which featured 440 events in 34 sports. The games was held from 11 to 19 October 1997, although several events had commenced from 5 October 1997. The games was opened by Soeharto, the President of Indonesia at the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, then known as Senayan Sports Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by host Indonesia, followed by Thailand and Malaysia. Several Games and National Records were broken during the games.[1] The games were deemed generally successful with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.

1997 Southeast Asian Games is located in Indonesia
West Java
West Java
Jakarta
Jakarta
Host cities of the 1997 Southeast Asian Games

Development and preparation[edit]

The Organising Committee Of The 19th SEA Games Jakarta 1997 (JASOC) led by President Wismoyo Arismunandar was formed to oversee the staging of the games.[2]

Venues[edit]

The 1997 Southeast Asian Games used a mix of new, existing and temporary venues. Some major retrofitting work were done in most venues, although they had been used to host major multi-disciplinary events such as the 1962 Asian Games, the 1979 Southeast Asian Games and the 1987 Southeast Asian Games.

At the centrepiece of the activities was the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex, then Senayan Sports Complex which was completed on 24 July 1962. Incorporating the 120,800-seat national stadium at that time, it hosted most of the events.

A games village was not built. Instead, a "village in the city" concept saw athletes and officials housed in were housed in hotels in Jakarta and West Java. Besides being physically near to the sport venues, it was hoped that it will add vibe to both provinces and reduce post-games costs in converting a dedicated games village to other uses.[3]

The 19th Southeast Asian Games had 35 venues for the games, 29 in Jakarta and 6 in West Java.[4][5]

Province Competition Venue Sports
Jakarta Senayan Sports Complex
Senayan Sports Stadium Athletics, Football (Men: group and knockout stage), Opening and closing ceremony
Archery Field Archery
Aquatics Centre Aquatics (Swimming, Synchronised Swimming, Diving, Water polo)
Badminton Hall Badminton (Knockout stage)
Basketball Hall Basketball (Knockout stage)
Istora Senayan Badminton (Final), Basketball (Final), Volleyball (Indoor)
Tennis Indoor Stadium Bodybuilding, Weightlifting
Gymnasium A Fencing
Gymnasium B Judo
Gymnasium C Wrestling
Shooting Range Shooting
Softball Field Softball
Squash Hall Squash
Tennis Court Tennis
Volleyball Court Volleyball (Beech)
Others
Jakarta Fair Billiards and snooker, Wushu
Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road Cycling (Road)
Rawamangun Velodrome Cycling (Track)
Student Sport Complex, Lebak Bulus Football (Men: Group stage)
Matoa Nasional Golf Course, Ciganjur Golf
Gymnastics Hall DKI, Jalan Radin Inten Gymnastics
North Jakarta Sports Hall, Jalan Yos Sudarso Karate
Padepokan Pencak Silat Indonesia, TMII Pencak silat
Sports Hall, East Jakarta Sepak takraw
Pertamina Sports Hall, Simpruk Table tennis
Bulungan Sports Hall Taekwondo
Pluit Bowling Centre Mega Mall, Pluit Bowling
Sunter Lake, North Jakarta Water Skiing
Ancol Dreamland Sailing
West Java
Pajajaran Stadium Football (Women)
Cilodong Shooting
Rangga Wulung Hill, Subang Cycling (Mountain Bike)
Student Sport Hall, Kuningan Boxing
Jatiluhur Dam Canoeing, Rowing, Traditional boat race
Subang-Tangkuban Perahu Cycling (Road)

Marketing[edit]

[edit]

Hanuman, the white monkey character in the Ramayana epic, the official mascot of the games.

The logo of the 1997 Southeast Asian Games is an image of three flames, and two torch rings which represents the 5 basic foundations of The Republic of Indonesia, Pancasila. The upward flames represent the aspiration of the participating nations to achieve the highest standards at the 19th Southeast Asian Games in Jakarta. The colours of red, blue, and yellow are the basic colours of the flame. The red represents the "spirit" of the Games, the blue represents the "dynamism" of the Games and the yellow represents the "hope" the Games brings to the athletes and people of Southeast Asia. The six-ring chain, the logo of the Southeast Asian Games Federation represents the six founding nations of the Southeast Asian Games and the Southeast Asian Games itself. The gold colour of the Southeast Asian Games Federation Logo represents the quality and solidarity of the Games. The games' logo is the last logo in Southeast Asian Games history to use the 6-ring chain Federation logo before it was replaced by the 10-ring chain Federation logo at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games.[6]

Mascot[edit]

The mascot of the 1997 Southeast Asian Games is a Ramayana epic character named "Hanuman". The Ramayana, known in Java, Indonesia as Kakawin Ramayana, is an Indian epic, which spread into Southeast Asia including the Indonesian archipelago during the ancient times. It does not only exists in oral and literary works, but also serves as the underlying theme for art performances and as the inspiration for other works, such as sculptures, paintings and literature. According to the Ramayana epic, he is an ardent devotee of Rama who fighting alongside him in the face of conflict and struggle and is always successful in accomplishing his tasks due to his superiority in speed, strength and altitude. The tasks managed by Hanuman in the epic includes: travel to Alengka (Lanka) and back in a day, fought in several battles and able to fly in the clouds when performing duties. Hanuman exist in the form of a white monkey in the Javanese adaptation of the epic and is one of the characters featured in the Wayang Shadow Puppet Show, known to the locals with the title Sang Kera Pemuja Dewa Rama (The mighty devotee ape of Rama). The adoption of Hanuman as the games mascot is to promote the games motto: "May the best man win", a phrase used before a competition to hope that the most deserving person wins. The cotton white colour of his body hair, a colour which symbolises sincerity and innocence, while the gold and black colour represents his attribute as a Wayang character. His cotton white colour represents sportsmanship spirit, while the yellow and black colour represents quality.[7][8]

Sponsors[edit]

A total of 31 sponsors sponsored the games.[9]

The games[edit]

Opening ceremony[edit]

The opening ceremony was held at the Senayan Sports Stadium on 11 October 1997 at 19:00 (WIB).

Closing ceremony[edit]

The closing ceremony was held at the Senayan Sports Stadium on 19 October 1997 at 19:00 (WIB).

Participating nations[edit]

Sports[edit]

Calendar[edit]

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
October 5
Sun
6
Mon
7
Tue
8
Wed
9
Thu
10
Fri
11
Sat
12
Sun
13
Mon
14
Tue
15
Wed
16
Thu
17
Fri
18
Sat
19
Sun
Gold medal events
Ceremonies OC CC
Archery 1 1 2 4
Athletics 7 9 8 1 8 9 2 44
Badminton 2 5 7
Basketball 2 2
Billiards and snooker 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 12
Bodybuilding 8 8
Boxing 11 11
Bowling 2 2 4 2 2 12
Canoeing 7 5 12
Cycling 2 1 5 2 2 2 2 16
Diving 1 1 1 1 4
Fencing 2 2 1 2 2 1 10
Football 1 1 2
Golf 2 2 4
Gymnastics 1 1 2 6 4 1 1 16
Hockey 1 1 2
Judo 4 4 4 4 16
Karate 6 6 5 2 19
Pencak silat 2 2 2 14 20
Rowing 5 6 11
Sailing 15 15
Sepak takraw 2 2 4
Shooting 4 6 6 8 6 6 4 2 42
Softball 2 2
Squash 2 2 4
Swimming 7 6 7 6 6 32
Synchronized swimming 1 1 2
Table tennis 2 5 7
Taekwondo 4 4 4 4 16
Tennis 2 5 7
Traditional boat race 4 4 8
Volleyball 4 4
Waterskiing 3 3 6
Weightlifting 4 4 4 4 3 19
Wrestling 5 5 5 5 20
Water polo 1 1
Wushu 6 7 6 19
Total gold medal events 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 41 57 60 53 57 49 110 11 440
Cumulative total 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 43 100 160 213 270 319 429 440
October 5
Sun
6
Mon
7
Tue
8
Wed
9
Thu
10
Fri
11
Sat
12
Sun
13
Mon
14
Tue
15
Wed
16
Thu
17
Fri
18
Sat
19
Sun
Gold medal events

Medal table[edit]

A total of 1421 medals, comprising 448 Gold medals, 432 Silver medals and 541 Bronze medals were awarded to athletes. The host Indonesia's performance was their best ever yet and emerged as overall champion of the games.[13][14]

Key

  *   Host nation (Indonesia)

  *   Host nation (Indonesia)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Indonesia (INA)*194101115410
2 Thailand (THA)839778258
3 Malaysia (MAS)556875198
4 Philippines (PHI)4356108207
5 Vietnam (VIE)354850133
6 Singapore (SIN)302650106
7 Myanmar (MYA)8344486
8 Brunei (BRU)02810
9 Laos (LAO)0077
10 Cambodia (CAM)0066
Totals (10 nations)4484325411421

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Broken Records at the Games". Official Website. Archived from the original on 28 January 1999. 
  2. ^ "Chart Of The Games Organising Committee". 31 August 2000. Archived from the original on 31 August 2000. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Accomodation [sic] of the 19th SEA Games". Official Website. 1 December 1998. Archived from the original on 1 December 1998. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "The 19th SEA Games, Jakarta Tentative Programme of Events". Official Website. Archived from the original on 11 January 1998. 
  5. ^ "Venues for every Sports Event". Official Website. 2 December 1998. Archived from the original on 2 December 1998. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "The 19th SEA Games Logo". Official Website. Archived from the original on 6 December 1998. 
  7. ^ "The 19th SEA Games Mascot". Official Website. Archived from the original on 11 January 1998. 
  8. ^ "The Hanoman April Bulletin". Official Website. 26 January 2001. Archived from the original on 26 January 2001. 
  9. ^ "1997 Southeast Asian Games Official Website". 11 January 1998. Archived from the original on 11 January 1998. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "The 19th SEA Games Stamp". 
  11. ^ "Tokopedia: First day cover stamps of the games". 
  12. ^ "The 19th SEA Games Phone Card". 
  13. ^ "Final medal table". Official website. Archived from the original on 27 January 1999. 
  14. ^ "Medal tally". Official website. Archived from the original on 10 October 1999. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Chiang Mai
Southeast Asian Games
Jakarta

XIX Southeast Asian Games (1997)
Succeeded by
Bandar Seri Begawan