2007 Fort Dix attack plot
|2007 Fort Dix attack plot|
|Location||Fort Dix, New Jersey, U.S.|
|Date||Planned; never executed;
arrested May 8, 2007
|Target||U.S. military personnel at Fort Dix|
The 2007 Fort Dix attack plot involved a group of six radical Islamist men who conspired to stage an attack against U.S. Military personnel stationed at Fort Dix, New Jersey. The alleged goal of the group was to "kill as many soldiers as possible".
The men were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) on May 8, 2007, and were prosecuted in federal court in October 2008. On December 22, 2008, five were found guilty of conspiracy to commit murder in their intentions to kill U.S. military personnel; four received life sentences, while one received 33 years in prison. The remaining member was thought to have had a minor role in the plot and was sentenced to five years in prison for weapons offenses.
Some accuse the FBI of entrapment, stating that the FBI informants created the conspiracy. The FBI used two convicts as paid informants in the case, one of whom was fighting deportation. The three Duka brothers are appealing. Because of alleged irregularities with the case, the three Duka brothers, Shnewer, and Abdullahu have been referred to as the Fort Dix Five.
- Dritan Duka (age 28), Shain Duka (26) and Eljvir Duka (23) ethnic Albanians from Debar, currently the Republic of Macedonia. The Duka family entered the United States illegally through Mexico in October 1984. In 1989, the father Ferik Duka applied for asylum with the Immigration and Naturalization Service and acknowledged the family's illegal entry into the country.
The brothers had a history of encounters with police. Between 1996 and 2006, Cherry Hill police charged Dritan and Shain Duka with a number of disorderly persons offenses, including marijuana possession, improper behavior, prowling, disturbing the peace, and obstructing the administration of law. They were fined between $20 and $830 on various occasions and sent home, according to court records. The three brothers were also issued about 50 traffic citations between 1997 and 2006 – more than 20 by Cherry Hill police – for speeding, driving without licenses, driving while on the suspended list, failure to appear in court, and other charges.
In court, central FBI informant Mahmoud Omar confessed that Shain and Dritan did not know about the plan to attack Fort Dix. Seven years after the trial, Omar stated, "I still don’t know why the Dukas are in jail." Omar was ultimately paid $238,000 for his role in the case. The Duka brothers are all serving life sentences.
- Mohamad Ibrahim Shnewer (22), Eljvir Duka's brother-in-law, a Palestinian cab driver from Jordan, was a naturalized United States citizen. He is serving a life sentence.
- Serdar Tatar, born in Turkey, worked at his father's pizzeria. He is serving a 33-year sentence.
- Agron Abdullahu, ethnic Albanian from Kosovo, said to have provided weaponry instruction to the group. He worked at a ShopRite supermarket in Buena Vista Township, New Jersey. He pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of conspiring to provide firearms and ammunition to illegal aliens, and was released in 2009.
The six men took a trip to the Poconos mountains, where they allegedly practiced firing "semi-automatic weapons" at a shooting range in Gouldsboro, Pennsylvania. The shooting range, at Pennsylvania State Game Land 127, is operated by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. A group of ten men had recorded video footage of themselves shooting weapons and shouting Allahu Akbar ("God is great"). They had also recorded themselves skiing, playing paintball, and riding horses on their trip to Poconocos. The defense argued it was not a terrorist training video.
On January 31, 2006, the men took the video to the Circuit City in Mount Laurel, New Jersey to convert it to a DVD. After viewing it, two employees of the store, Brian Morgenstern and another not named in the indictment, alerted authorities, who initiated a full-scale investigation.
An informant from the FBI infiltrated the group to gather information. The group's planning was caught on video and audio tape by federal authorities. They also trained in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. US Attorney Chris Christie (later elected, and the current Governor of New Jersey) said that one of the suspects was able to draw a detailed map of Fort Dix from memory.
The men continued to work at their jobs. The Duka brothers, Eljvir, Dritan, and Shain (Albanians), worked in roofing. Agron Abdullahu (Albanian), Serdar Tatar (a Turkish legal immigrant), and Mohamad Ibrahim Shnewer (a U.S. citizen from Jordan) held a variety of jobs, including as a taxi driver and clerk for 7-Eleven.
According to news reports, five of the men arrested intended to attack the Fort Dix military base and kill as many servicemen as they could. The sixth man arrested, Abdullahu, was charged with aiding and abetting the possession of firearms by the Duka brothers. In a conversation that was recorded by the informant, Shnewer told the FBI informant "My intent is to hit a heavy concentration of soldiers [...] You hit four, five or six Humvees and light the whole place [up] and retreat completely without any losses".
The men tried unsuccessfully to purchase weapons from an FBI informant, including AK-47s, M16s, semi-automatic Sig Sauer 9 mm handguns, and a Smith & Wesson 9 mm. The informant stated that the weapons were to come from an underground military dealer from Baltimore, Maryland, who had recently returned from Egypt.
One of the men in the Fort Dix plot was recorded on a surveillance tape commenting on a lecture by Anwar al-Awlaki, a prominent Muslim cleric of American and Yemeni citizenship, who went into hiding in Yemen after becoming radicalized in prison there during 2006-2007. (He was targeted for killing by President Obama in 2010 because of his numerous alleged terrorist activities, and killed in September 2011 by an unmanned US drone in Yemen.) On that tape, Shain Duka exclaimed “You gotta hear this lecture ... it's the truth, no holds barred, straight how it is!” 
The six suspects were indicted on June 5, 2007 and were arraigned in federal court in Camden, New Jersey on June 14 where they pleaded not guilty. The U.S. District Judge Robert B. Kugler called it "an unusual case" and called for the trial to begin by early October, adding, "If the government is not able to prove this case, they should not be in jail. I want to get this resolved."
Agron Abdullahu, suspected of having the smallest role in the attack plot, accepted a plea bargain with a limit of 5 years in prison for his weapons offenses. Prosecutors say that while Abdullahu supplied weapons to the other five men, he resisted the idea of attacking the military base.
Opening arguments were presented on October 20, 2008. Assistant U.S. Attorney William Fitzpatrick asserted that the defendants were inspired by jihad, saying "Their motive was to defend Islam. Their inspiration was Al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden. Their intention was to attack the U.S." Prosecutors presented recordings of the plot obtained by two paid FBI informants during a 16-month undercover investigation, as well as suspicious videos that were found on one defendant's computer. Defense attorneys countered that the videos, alleged by the prosecution to be terrorist training videos, showed the defendants on holiday exhibiting "false bravado". They attacked the credibility of the prosecution's witnesses. On December 22, 2008, the jury found the plotters to be guilty of charges of conspiracy to harm US military personnel. They were acquitted on the charge of attempted murder.
During sentencing, Dritan and Shain Duka received life sentences for the conspiracy conviction, with an additional 30 years for related weapons charges. Eljvir Duka and Mohamad Shnewer both received life sentences, and Serdar Tatar was sentenced to 33 years in prison.
The Duka brothers are currently being held at the Federal Detention Center, Philadelphia pending an appeals hearing.
Agron Abdullahu was released on March 24, 2009.
Chronology of events
- January 31, 2006 – An individual brings a tape to a Circuit City in New Jersey for duplication and transfer to DVD. The video features 10 young men conducting militia style assault training shooting their weapons at a firing range while shouting "God is great". The Circuit City employees, Brian Morgenstern and one other not to be named at this time, who saw the video contacted the Mt. Laurel Police who in turn contacted the FBI.
- By April 2006, the FBI hired informant Mahmoud Omar to approach the suspects.
- August 11, 2006 – Mohamad Ibrahim Shnewer travels to Fort Dix and Fort Monmouth to conduct surveillance.
- August 13, 2006 – Shnewer travels to Dover Air Force Base, Delaware to conduct surveillance.
- August 13, 2006 – Shnewer travels to the U.S. Coast Guard building in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to conduct surveillance.
- August 16, 2006 – Shnewer travels to Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst to conduct surveillance.
- November 28, 2006 – Serdar Tatar, who had delivered pizza to Fort Dix before, obtains a map of the Fort Dix military installation through his employer's pizza delivery restaurant, which serves the military base.
- February 2, 2007 – Dritan Duka, Eljvir Duka and Sulayman Shain Duka conduct weapons training in Gouldsboro, Pennsylvania.
- February 4, 2007 – Mohamad Ibrahim Shnewer, Dritan Duka, Eljvir Duka and Sulayman Shain Duka review terrorist training materials.
- February 26, 2007 – Dritan Duka and Eljvir Duka conduct weapons training in Cherry Hill.
- March 15, 2007 – Dritan Duka and Sulayman Shain Duka conduct weapons training in Cherry Hill.
- April 16, 2007 – Dritan Duka contacts an arms dealer (an FBI informant) for weaponry.
- May 7, 2007 – The FBI arrests six members of the group.
- December 22, 2008 - A federal jury finds five of the six alleged plotters guilty of conspiracy to commit an act of terrorism and weapons charges.
Retrieved hard drive
On the hard drive of a retrieved laptop, the downloaded last will and testament of two of the hijackers in the September 11 attacks and militant Islamist recruiting speeches given by Osama bin Laden and others were allegedly recovered.
- Lackawanna Six
- Joint Terrorism Task Force
- 2006 Toronto terrorism case
- 2009 Bronx terrorism plot
- 2015 Chattanooga shootings
- Russakoff, Dale; Eggen, Dan (May 9, 2007). "Six Charged in Plot To Attack Fort Dix". Washington Post. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- Parry, Wayne (May 8, 2007). "6 Men Charged in Plot to Attack Fort Dix". Washington Post. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
- Jon Hurdle (October 20, 2008). "Trial starts for U.S. Army base "holy war" plot". Reuters. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- von Zielbauer, Paul (December 22, 2008). "5 Men Are Convicted in Plot on Fort Dix". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 17, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2008.
- Harris, Paul (November 16, 2011). "Fort Dix Five: 'If they did something, punish them. But they're innocent kids'". The Guardian. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
- Harris, Paul (March 20, 2012). "The ex-FBI informant with a change of heart: 'There is no real hunt. It's fixed'". The Guardian. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
- Hussain, Murtaza; Ghalayini, Razan (25 June 2015). "Christie's Conspiracy". The Intercept. First Look Media. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Father of Fort Dix suspects arrested on immigration charges – NJ.com: Star-Ledger updates". Blog.nj.com. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- Hefler, Jan (May 28, 2007). "Dukas' neighbors filed many complaints: police made frequent calls to the Cherry Hill home of the Ft. Dix conspiracy suspects". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- Harris, Paul (16 November 2011). "Fort Dix Five: 'If they did something, punish them. But they're innocent kids'". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Hürriyet – Plans to attack US Fort Dix base uncovered; one of the plotters a Turk". Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- "Terror Suspects Arrested In N.J. After FBI Foils Fort Dix Attack". NBC 10. May 8, 2007. Archived from the original on 10 May 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
- "Five Radical Islamists Charged with Planning Attack on Fort Dix Army Base in New Jersey" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. May 8, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 16, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
- "Fort Dix Terror Suspects' Lives Gave Few Clues About Alleged Plot". fownews.com. May 9, 2007. Archived from the original on 4 February 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2011.
- Fahim, Kareem (31 March 2008). "In Transcripts, Tough Talk by Terror Suspects, and Informant". New York Times. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "US District Court Case 1:07-mj-02046-JS Document 1" (PDF). United States District Court, District of New Jersey. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 16, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
- "Terror suspects were 'bad shots,' says local marksman". Pocono Record. May 8, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- "Website of the Pennsylvania Game Commission". Archived from the original on May 7, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- Five Radical Islamists Charged with Planning Attack on Fort Dix Army Base in New Jersey Archived June 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Hauser, Christine; Kocieniewski, David (May 8, 2007). "6 Arrested in Plot to Attack Fort Dix". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
- Temple-Raston, Dina (29 September 2008). "Trial Begins For Men Accused In Fort Dix 'Pizza Plot'". NPR. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Circuit City clerk alerted authorities to alleged plot". StarLedger. May 9, 2007. Archived from the original on 13 May 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- "6 Charged In Alleged N.J. Terror Plot". WNBC. May 8, 2007. Archived from the original on 10 May 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
- "Six Men Arrested in Plot to Attack New Jersey's Fort Dix". pbs.com. May 8, 2007. Archived from the original on 24 January 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2011.
- "Islamist cleric Anwar al-Awlaki 'killed in Yemen'". BBC News. September 30, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- Shane, Scott (November 18, 2009). "Born in U.S., a Radical Cleric Inspires Terror". New York Times. Archived from the original on September 6, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
- "Six Suspects Indicted In Fort Dix Plot". CBS News. Associated Press. June 5, 2007. Archived from the original on 14 June 2007. Retrieved June 20, 2007.
- UPI (June 15, 2007). "6 charged in Fort Dix plot arraigned". GOPUSA.
- Alfano, Sean (June 5, 2007). "6 In Fort Dix Case Plead Not Guilty". cbsnews.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2011.
- "Guilty plea in Ft. Dix Plot". CNN. October 30, 2007. Archived from the original on November 2, 2007. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
- "US base accused 'plotted jihad'". BBC News. October 20, 2008. Archived from the original on October 23, 2008. Retrieved February 18, 2011.
- "3 brothers get life for Fort Dix plot". United Press International. April 28, 2009. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- "Fifth Man Convicted in Fort Dix Terror Plot Sentenced to 33 Years in Prison". Fox News. Associated Press. April 28, 2009. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- Margot Williams and Alyson Hurt, "DATA & GRAPHICS: Population Of The Communications Management Units", NPR, 3-3-11, retrieved 4 March 2011
- Amanda ripley (December 6, 2007). "The Fort Dix Conspiracy". Time. Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
- "Fort Dix Plot Unravels Interactive Timeline". cbsnews.com. CBS News. Archived from the original on 2 February 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2011.