2014 killings of NYPD officers

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2014 killings of New York City Police Department officers
Bed-Stuy is located in New York City
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Bed-Stuy is located in New York
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Bed-Stuy is located in the US
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Location Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.
Coordinates 40°41′45″N 73°56′47″W / 40.695886°N 73.946494°W / 40.695886; -73.946494Coordinates: 40°41′45″N 73°56′47″W / 40.695886°N 73.946494°W / 40.695886; -73.946494
Date December 20, 2014; 3 years ago (2014-12-20)
2:47 p.m. (EST)
Attack type
Murder–suicide
Weapons Taurus PT92 handgun
Deaths 3 (including the perpetrator)
Victims 2 (NYPD officers Rafael Ramos and Wenjian Liu)
Perpetrator Ismaaiyl Abdullah Brinsley
Motive Revenge for Eric Garner's and Michael Brown's deaths

On December 20, 2014, Ismaaiyl Abdullah Brinsley killed two on-duty New York City Police Department (NYPD) officers in the Bedford–Stuyvesant neighborhood of the New York City borough of Brooklyn, ostensibly as revenge for the death of Eric Garner and the shooting of Michael Brown, both of which were killings of unarmed black men by police. Brinsley then fled into the New York City Subway, where he committed suicide.

Background and events[edit]

The shooting occurred just weeks after a grand jury decided not to indict NYPD officer Daniel Pantaleo, who was involved in the death of Eric Garner on July 17, 2014.[1] The grand jury's decision resulted in widespread protests in New York City and across the nation against police brutality and the lack of accountability for it.[2] The protests also coincided with widespread protests in response to a grand jury's decision not to indict Darren Wilson, the police officer who shot Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 9.[3] Brinsley's motive to kill the NYPD officers was motivated by outrage over the two deaths.[4][5][6]

The Myrtle–Willoughby Avenues subway station, where Brinsley killed himself after fatally shooting two NYPD officers
The Myrtle–Willoughby Avenues subway station, where Brinsley killed himself after fatally shooting two NYPD officers

Before Brinsley arrived in Brooklyn by bus, he shot and seriously wounded his 29-year-old ex-girlfriend, Shaneka Nicole Thompson, in the Baltimore suburb of Owings Mills, Maryland, on Saturday morning. The second shooting occurred at Myrtle Avenue and Tompkins Avenue, a busy intersection in Brooklyn near the Tompkins Houses.[6] Brinsley approached the passenger window of an NYPD patrol car occupied by Rafael Ramos, 40, and Wenjian Liu, 32, of Brooklyn's 84th Precinct. He then fired a semiautomatic handgun four times through the open window, striking Ramos and Liu in the head and upper body, killing both officers instantly. Two Con Ed workers who witnessed the shooting notified police.[7] After NYPD officers responding to the scene chased him onto the subway, he committed suicide with the handgun in the Myrtle–Willoughby Avenues (G train) subway station, according to police. Brinsley and the two police officers were taken to Woodhull Hospital, and all were pronounced dead on arrival.[6]

Victims[edit]

Official New York City Police Department portraits of Rafael Ramos and Wenjian Liu, who were killed in a shooting on December 20, 2014
Official NYPD portraits of Rafael Ramos (left) and Wenjian Liu (right), who were killed in a shooting on December 20, 2014

Rafael Ramos[edit]

Rafael Ramos (December 9, 1974 – December 20, 2014), married with two sons and a longtime resident of Glendale, Queens, had joined the NYPD as a school safety agent, before being promoted to officer in January 2012.[8] He was active in his church, Christ Tabernacle in Glendale,[9] and had once studied at a seminary. He had just completed a training course to become a volunteer chaplain.[10] He planned to eventually join the ministry when he retired from the police force.

The Silver Shield Foundation, founded by the late New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner, announced it would pay for the education of Ramos' 13-year-old son. Bowdoin College said it would provide full financial aid to Ramos' elder son, who is a sophomore at the school, so he could complete his education.[11]

A funeral service for Ramos, the largest police funeral in the city’s history, was held on December 27 in Glendale with over 100,000 people present, including many politicians such as Vice President Joe Biden;[12] the service itself from start to finish was almost five hours long and was broadcast around the world, with many people coming from across the country to pay their respects to the slain officer. Afterward, Ramos' body was transported to St. John Cemetery in nearby Middle Village, where he was laid to rest.[13] Hundreds of officers turned their backs to Mayor Bill de Blasio as he delivered his eulogy.[14]

Wenjian Liu[edit]

Wenjian Liu (simplified Chinese: 刘文健; traditional Chinese: 劉文健; pinyin: Liú Wénjiàn;[15] April 8, 1982 – December 20, 2014) was the only son of Chinese immigrants Wei Tang Liu and Xiu Yan Li.[16] He and his family came to the United States from Taishan, Guangdong in China, when he was 12 years old. He was a seven-year veteran officer of the NYPD who had married Pei Xia Chen in October 2014.[16][9] He had no children.[17][18] In July 2017, Wenjian Liu's wife gave birth to a baby girl conceived from sperm preserved after his death.

Following a wake on January 3 containing elements of Chinese and Buddhist funerals, a funeral service for Liu took place on January 4 at the Ralph Aievoli & Son Funeral Home in Dyker Heights, Brooklyn. In protest of de Blasio's perceived lack of support for them, some attending police officers turned their backs on the video screen showing de Blasio's eulogy speech;[19] however, de Blasio and NYPD Commissioner Bill Bratton were also saluted at the ceremony. Afterward, Liu's body was transported to Cypress Hills Cemetery in Cypress Hills, Brooklyn, and was laid to rest. After his burial, a post burial dinner, a Chinese tradition for honoring the deceased and giving his spirit a good send-off to heaven, was held in Sunset Park, Brooklyn.[20]

Perpetrator[edit]

Ismaaiyl Abdullah Brinsley (October 31, 1986 – December 20, 2014) had a long criminal record and was estranged from his family prior to the shooting. He was born in Brooklyn. He had an arrest record for weapons possession and robbery, which amounted to a total of 19 arrests in Georgia and Ohio. He was convicted of felony gun possession in Georgia, where he was living at the time of the shooting.[21][22] Brinsley allegedly had ties to the Black Guerrilla Family, a prison gang that was reportedly planning revenge attacks on police officers according to police informants, and the Nuwaubian Nation, a black-supremacist cult originating in Georgia.[23] An unnamed federal law enforcement source has been quoted as saying there were no apparent ties.[24] Daniel McCall, who was appointed to represent Brinsley in Georgia, said Brinsley was not difficult to represent and that no psychiatric problems were noticed at that time.[9]

On the day of the attack, Brinsley had tried to commit suicide with his gun before killing the police officers, but he was talked out of it by his girlfriend, whom he then shot.[25] Brinsley also attempted suicide a year previously.[22][26] After the shooting, Brinsley reportedly called Thompson's mother and other family members and claimed the shooting was an accident.[27] Brinsley wrote on his Instagram account of his intentions to kill police as retribution for the recent deaths of Michael Brown and Eric Garner. In the post, which he made later that day while on a bus to New York City, he wrote, "I'm putting Wings on Pigs Today ... They Take 1 of Ours ... Lets Take 2 of Theirs. [sic]"[28] By then, the Baltimore County Police Department had been tracking Brinsley's movements from Baltimore to New York City, and sent a fax to the NYPD about his intentions just a minute before the killings occurred.[29]

Reactions[edit]

Current and former government officials[edit]

U.S. President Barack Obama stated, "I unconditionally condemn today's murder of two police officers in New York City. Two brave men won't be going home to their loved ones tonight, and for that, there is no justification. The officers who serve and protect our communities risk their own safety for ours every single day – and they deserve our respect and gratitude every single day. Tonight, I ask people to reject violence and words that harm, and turn to words that heal – prayer, patient dialogue, and sympathy for the friends and family of the fallen."[30]

Brooklyn Borough President Eric Adams, a former police officer, said, "Those who were calling for police reform were not calling for police retribution... blood is not on the hands of the mayor."[31]

Former New York Governor George Pataki blamed current officials. He tweeted, "Sickened by these barbaric acts, which sadly are a predictable outcome of divisive anti-cop rhetoric of Eric Holder and Mayor de Blasio." The former Mayor, Rudolph Giuliani, responded that this is untrue and categorized this rhetoric as an over reaction.[32]

Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani accused Obama of creating a hostile environment toward the police, stating: "We've had four months of propaganda starting with the President, that everybody should hate the police. I don't care how you want to describe it, that's what those protests are all about."[33]

NYPD officers and police union[edit]

As Mayor de Blasio and his entourage walked through the third-floor corridor of Woodhull Hospital, where the two police officers had been pronounced dead hours earlier, dozens of NYPD police silently turned their backs on the mayor in protest for his perceived lack of support for them.[34] Earlier, de Blasio had approached a group of cops in the hospital and told them, "We're all in this together." In response, one officer said, "No we're not."[35]

The president of the police union group Patrolmen's Benevolent Association, Patrick J. Lynch, blamed de Blasio and the protesters of the grand jury acquittal in the Garner case for inciting hostility toward the NYPD. He said, "There's blood on many hands tonight. Those that incited violence on the street in the guise of protest, that tried to tear down what New York City police officers did every day. We tried to warn it must not go on, it shouldn't be tolerated. That blood on the hands starts at the steps of City Hall in the office of the mayor."[36][37]

Fraternal Order of Police President Chuck Canterbury asked Congress to consider making crimes against police officers fall under the category of hate crimes. He said, "My thoughts and prayers over the past few weeks have been with the families of officers who were, with malice and forethought, gunned down just because they served as police officers."[38][39][40]

Civil rights groups[edit]

Protest organizer Charles Wade said about civil rights groups, "We've all said that this is a horrible thing that shouldn't have happened. I say time and time again that I'm against police violence, and I'm not against police officers in general. I have an issue with improper policing, police violence and police impunity." Reverend Al Sharpton said, "From the beginning, we have stressed that this is a pursuit of justice to make the system work fairly for everyone. This is not about trying to take things into our own hands. That does not solve the problem of police brutality."[41]

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People issued a statement condemning the murders.[42]

Public[edit]

Pastor Michael A. Walrond Jr. of the First Corinthian Baptist Church in Harlem, said, "This tragic moment may be an opportunity for people to understand each other. The pain of a mother whose son lay dead on the ground is the same pain of a 13-year-old boy who lost his police officer father. My hope is that this will shock people into coming together."[43]

According to The Daily Beast, some bystanders at the crime scene reportedly cheered and expressed their support for the attack.[44] According to The Daily Caller, some Twitter users also tweeted their approval of the murders.[45]

Entertainment[edit]

Many rappers, such as Azealia Banks, and Lecrae, also posted to Twitter, denouncing the murder-suicide.[46]

Rapper The Game tweeted, "I guess y’all 'can’t breathe' either", resulting in backlash.[47]

Media[edit]

Bob McManus, a columnist for the New York Post, criticized government officials for failing to condemn the blood-lust of protesters who demanded "dead cops" in retaliation for the death of Eric Garner.[48] While not blaming the shooting on political leaders, an editorial in The Wall Street Journal argued that political leaders failed to respond to the protesters' chant—"What do we want? Dead cops."—and that such a failure "contributed to a public climate of suspicion and hate against police in which a man like Ismaaiyl Brinsley can in his deranged mind think it is justified to stalk and execute two cops on the beat."[49] Newsday defended New York City Mayor de Blasio, saying he did not create the animosity towards the police, which is long standing in some quarters; the editorial pointed out that the Mayor spoke out against previous physical attacks on police officers by protesters.[50]

As a result of the protest movement, there have also been calls to reform or abolish the grand jury process.[51][52]

Families[edit]

Jaden Ramos, son of Officer Ramos, posted on Facebook, "Today I had to say bye to my father. He was [there] for me every day of my life, he was the best father I could ask for. It's horrible that someone gets shot dead just for being a police officer. Everyone says they hate cops but they are the people that they call for help. I will always love you and I will never forget you. RIP Dad."[53][54]

Richard Gonzales, a cousin of Ramos, urged citizens to come together and forgive the shooter.[55]

Aftermath[edit]

On December 22, de Blasio asked that anti-police protestors "suspend demonstrations." Earlier in the day, NYPD Commissioner William Bratton said the killings were a "direct spinoff of this issue [of the protests]". Some protesters issued blanket condemnations of the police as "racists and worse" according to The New York Times. While the investigations into Brinsley's motivation continues, Bratton has concluded that "the protests served as an inspiration for the disturbed man."[56][57]

Six people were arrested for making terroristic threats against NYPD officers in the week following the shooting.[58] After a police union directive in December 2014, the police have been dispatching two cars in response to every call, contributing to a lack of manpower, and as a result, a 94% drop in summonses for minor offenses and a 66% reduction in arrests.[59]

Beating of Karim Baker[edit]

In April 2016, officers Angelo Pampena and Robert Carbone were charged with the retaliatory beating of mail carrier Karim Baker, who unwittingly provided Brinsley with directions.[60][61] The beating was alleged to have occurred when the officers approached Baker in October 2015; according to the Queens district attorney, Baker was seated in his car when the officers punched and kicked him multiple times and dragged him from his car.[60] Baker's lawyer said Baker sustained injures to his spine, knee and face, causing Baker to be unable to return to work.[60][61] Pampena stated in a criminal court complaint that the officers approached Baker because he had parked his car directly in front of a fire hydrant, but surveillance video footage showed Baker's car parked more than 15 feet away from the fire hydrant. There were audio recordings of the encounter based on calls to 911 from Baker's handphone during the time.[60] The criminal case against Baker was dropped with the file sealed.[61] In March 2017, after the two officers were tried by judge, they were found not guilty of all charges by judge Michael Aloise, and their case was sealed.[61]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Melanie Eversley; Mike James (December 4, 2014). "No charges in NYC chokehold death; federal inquiry launched". USA Today. 
  2. ^ Lauren Gambino; Steven W Thrasher; Kayla Epstein (December 14, 2014). "Thousands march to protest against police brutality in major US cities". The Guardian. 
  3. ^ Davey, Monica; Bosman, Julie (November 24, 2014). "Protests Flare After Ferguson Police Officer Is Not Indicted". New York Times. Retrieved September 3, 2017. 
  4. ^ Celona, Larry; Cohen, Shawn; Schram, Jamie; Jamieson, Amber; Italiano, Laura (December 20, 2014). "Gunman executes 2 NYPD cops as 'revenge' for Garner". New York Post. 
  5. ^ "Two NYPD Cops 'Assassinated' in Brooklyn Ambush". ABC News. 
  6. ^ a b c Mueller, Benjamin; Baker, Al (December 20, 2014). "Two N.Y.P.D. Officers Are Killed in Brooklyn Ambush; Suspect Commits Suicide". The New York Times. Retrieved December 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ Celona, Larry; Harshbarger, Rebecca (December 21, 2014). "Con Ed workers confronted gunman after he shot cops". New York Post. 
  8. ^ Dan Good (December 22, 2014). "Slain NYPD Officers Remembered for Community, Family Dedication". ABC News. 
  9. ^ a b c "Key developments in case of 2 slain NYPD officers". Miami Herald. December 23, 2014. Archived from the original on December 23, 2014. 
  10. ^ Shamar Walters (December 23, 2014). "NYPD Officer Ramos Killed One Hour Before Chaplain Graduation Ceremony". NBC News. 
  11. ^ "Yankees will pay for education of children of NYPD cop Rafael Ramos who was killed while on duty Saturday". New York Daily News. December 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Updates From the Funeral of N.Y.P.D. Officer Rafael Ramos". The New York Times. December 27, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Mourners from all over U.S. attend funeral for Rafael Ramos". NY Daily News. New York. December 28, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Police turn their backs on Mayor Bill de Blasio during funeral for fallen NYPD cop". Fox News. December 27, 2014. 
  15. ^ "NYPD talks to suspect's ex-girlfriend" 纽约杀警犯前女友邻居透露更多细节. Epoch Times (in Chinese). 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  16. ^ a b Josh Gardner, "Grieving father of slain NYPD officer Wenjian Liu speaks out for the first time since tragic double cop killing", Daily Mail, 1 January 2015
  17. ^ Vilensky, Mike (December 21, 2014). "Slain NYPD Officers Rafael Ramos and Wenjian Liu Remembered". Wall Street Journal. 
  18. ^ "Officers Wen Jian Liu, Rafael Ramos took different paths to NYPD". Newsday. December 20, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Funeral set for police officer Wenjian Liu in New York". USA Today. December 29, 2014. 
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  21. ^ J. David Goodman (December 20, 2014). "Police Combing Through Shooting Suspect's Arrest History and Violent Day". The New York Times. 
  22. ^ a b Rebecca Davis O’Brien (December 21, 2014). "Ismaaiyl Brinsley Led Life of Trouble Before Attack". Wall Street Journal. 
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  25. ^ Kim Barker; Mosi Secret; Richard Fausset (January 3, 2015). "Many identities of New York officers' killer in a life of wrong turns". New York Times. 
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  27. ^ Rebecca Davis O’Brien, Pervaiz Shallwani and Scott Calvert (December 21, 2014). "Ismaaiyl Brinsley Led Life of Trouble Before Attack". Wall Street Journal. 
  28. ^ Peter Holley (December 20, 2014). "Two New York City police officers are shot and killed in a brazen ambush in Brooklyn". Washington Post. Retrieved December 21, 2014. 
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  47. ^ "The Game's Reacts To Brooklyn Cop Killings: 'I Guess Y'all Can't Breathe Either'". Vibe. 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2016-06-13. 
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  53. ^ Thomas Tracy; Ryan Sit (December 21, 2014). "13-year-old son of slain NYPD cop Rafael Ramos mourns father on Facebook: 'I will always love you and I will never forget you. RIP Dad.'". New York Daily News. 
  54. ^ "Jaden Ramos – Today I had to say bye to my father. He was..." facebook.com. 
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  56. ^ Marc Santora (December 22, 2014). "Mayor de Blasio Calls for Suspension of Protests". New York Times. 
  57. ^ Jonathan Allen; Laila Kearney (December 22, 2014). "New York mayor calls for pause in protests after police killings". Reuters. 
  58. ^ "Two more NY men arrested in threats against police", Reuters, December 25, 2014.
  59. ^ Larry Celona; Shawn Cohen; Bruce Golding (29 December 2014). "Arrests plummet 66% with NYPD in virtual work stoppage". New York Post. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  60. ^ a b c d Southall, Ashley (2016-04-21). "2 New York Detectives Indicted in Beating of Mail Carrier". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-03-15. 
  61. ^ a b c d Fuchs, Chris (March 17, 2017). "Police Acquitted in Beating of Mail Worker Who Unknowingly Gave Cop Killer Directions". NBC News. Retrieved 19 March 2017.