|Centuries:||5th century – 6th century – 7th century|
|Decades:||520s 530s 540s – 550s – 560s 570s 580s|
|Years:||551 552 553 – 554 – 555 556 557|
|554 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1307|
|Chinese calendar||癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3250 or 3190
— to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3251 or 3191
|- Vikram Samvat||610–611|
|- Shaka Samvat||476–477|
|- Kali Yuga||3655–3656|
|Iranian calendar||68 BP – 67 BP|
|Islamic calendar||70 BH – 69 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1358 before ROC
|Seleucid era||865/866 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1096–1097|
Year 554 (DLIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 554 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Battle of the Volturnus: In the spring Buccelin marched north, the Frankish army infected by dysentery is reduced to about 30,000 men. The Byzantine army with 18,000 men (including a contingent of Goths under Aligern) marched south to meet them at Casilinum (on the banks of the River Volturno). Narses sends a cavalry force under Chanaranges to destroy the supply wagons of the Franks. Outmanoeuvring Buccelin, he chooses a disposition similar to that at Taginae. After a frontal assault on the Byzantine centre the Franks and the Alamanni are annihilated. Meanwhile, in the north, Lothair and his army is struck by an epidemic.
- End of the Gothic War: Narses garrisoned in Italy an army of 16,000 men. The recovery of the Italian Peninsula cost the empire about 300,000 pounds of gold.
- August 13 – Emperor Justinian I rewards Liberius for his long and distinguished service in the Pragmatic Sanction, granting him extensive estates in Italy.
- Byzantine forces under Liberius seize Granada (Andalusia) and occupies the old province of Baetica. Justinian I calls Belisarius out of retirement to complete the consolidation of reconquered regions of Southern Spain.
- Athanagild is crowned as king of the Visigoths and succeeds Agila I. He acknowledges the suzerainty of the Byzantine Empire.
- 'Amr III ibn al-Mundhir succeeds Al-Mundhir III ibn al-Nu'man as king of the Lakhmids. He is killed in battle with the Ghassanids.
- Gong Di succeeds his brother Fei Di as emperor of Western Wei. He is deposed by general Yuwen Tai and puts him to death.
- The province Jiangling (Central China) is captured; 100,000 inhabitants are enslaved and distributed to generals and officials.
- Baekje and the Gaya Confederacy wage war upon Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, but are defeated.
- Muqan Qaghan succeeds his brother Issik Qaghan as emperor (khagan) of the Göktürks.
- The second and larger of the two Buddhas of Bamyan is erected in central Afghanistan.
- Fei Di, emperor of the Chen Dynasty (d. 570)
- Suiko, empress of Japan (d. 628)
- Wendelin of Trier, hermit and abbot (approximate date)
- Agila I, king of the Visigoths
- Al-Mundhir III ibn al-Nu'man, king of the Lakhmids (Iraq)
- Fei Di, emperor of Western Wei
- Liberius, Roman aristocrat (approximate date)
- Seong, king of Baekje (Korea)
- Yuwen, empress of Western Wei (approximate date)
- J. Norwich, Byzantium: The Early Centuries, p. 233
- O'Donnell, "Liberius", p. 69
- Cohen, Roger. "Return to Bamiyan", The New York Times, October 29, 2007. Accessed October 29, 2007.
- Jean Leclerq, "The Love of Learning and the Desire for God", 2nd revised edition (New York: Fordham, Fordham University Press, (1977), p. 25