AFC Women's Asian Cup

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AFC Women's Asian Cup
AFC Women's Asian Cup.png
Founded1975; 47 years ago (1975)
RegionAFC (Asia)
Number of teams12 (finals)
35 (qualifiers)
Qualifier forFIFA Women's World Cup
Current champions China PR
(9th title)
Most successful team(s) China PR
(9 titles)
2022 AFC Women's Asian Cup

The AFC Women's Asian Cup (formerly known as the AFC Women's Championship) is a quadrennial competition in women's football for national teams which belong to the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). It is the oldest women's international football competition and premier women's football competition in the AFC region for national teams. The competition is also known as the Asian Women's Football Championship and the Asian Women's Championship. 20 tournaments have been held, with the current champions being China PR. The competition also serves as Asian qualifying tournament for the FIFA Women's World Cup.

History[edit]

The competition was set up by the Asian Ladies Football Confederation (ALFC), a part of the AFC responsible for women's football. The first competition was held in 1975 and was held every two years after this, except for a period in the 1980s where the competition was held every three years. The ALFC was initially a separate organisation but was absorbed into the AFC in 1986.

From 1975 to 1981, matches were 60 minutes in duration.[1]

The competition has been dominated by countries from the Pacific Rim or Eastern Asia (including East and Southeast Asia), with the China women's national football team having won 9 times, including a series of 7 consecutive victories as of 2022 edition. Countries from Central and West Asia have been rather less successful, with only Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Jordan and Iran having qualified so far. Eastern Asia has also been far more frequent in participating in the FIFA Women's World Cup, with five strongest women's teams of Asia (China, North Korea, Japan, Australia and South Korea) hail from this part.

The tournament frequency changed to every 4 years effective from 2010,[2] after AFC had announced that the Asian Cup will additionally serve as the qualification rounds of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup.[3]

The tournament was expanded from eight teams to twelve starting from the 2022 edition.[4]

Qualification[edit]

Format[edit]

All of the 47 members of the AFC who have a women's national team are eligible to participate in the qualification tournament.

Starting from 2022 edition, a total of twelve teams participate in the final tournament including the hosts, top three finishers of the previous edition and eight teams from the qualification tournament.[4]

Results[edit]

Edition Year Hosts Final Third place playoff or losing semi-finalists Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-up Third Place Score Fourth Place
AFC Women's Championship
1 1975  Hong Kong
New Zealand
3–1
Thailand

Australia[a]
5–0
Malaysia
6
2 1977  Republic of China
Republic of China
[b]
3–1
Thailand

Singapore
2–0
Indonesia
6
3 1980  India
Republic of China
2–0
India S[c]

Hong Kong

Western Australia
cancelled[d] 6
4 1981  Hong Kong
Mulan Taipei
[e]
5–0
Thailand

India
2–0
Hong Kong
8
5 1983  Thailand
Thailand
3–0
India

Malaysia
0–0
(5–4 p)

Singapore
6
6 1986  Hong Kong
China PR
2–0
Japan

Thailand
3–0
Indonesia
7
7 1989  Hong Kong
China PR
1–0
Chinese Taipei

Japan
3–1
Hong Kong
8
8 1991  Japan
China PR
5–0
Japan

Chinese Taipei
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(5–4 p)

North Korea
9
9 1993  Malaysia
China PR
3–0
North Korea

Japan
3–0
Chinese Taipei
9
10 1995  Malaysia
China PR
2–0
Japan

Chinese Taipei
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(3–0 p)

South Korea
11
11 1997  China
China PR
2–0
North Korea

Japan
2–0
Chinese Taipei
11
12 1999  Philippines
China PR
3–0
Chinese Taipei

North Korea
3–2
Japan
15
13 2001  Chinese Taipei
North Korea
2–0
Japan

China PR
8–0
South Korea
14
14 2003  Thailand
North Korea
2–1 (a.e.t.)
China PR

South Korea
1–0
Japan
14
AFC Women's Asian Cup
15 2006  Australia
China PR
2–2 (a.e.t.)
(4–2 p)

Australia

North Korea
3–2
Japan
9
16 2008  Vietnam
North Korea
2–1
China PR

Japan
3–0
Australia
8
17 2010  China
Australia
1–1 (a.e.t.)
(5–4 p)

North Korea

Japan
2–0
China PR
8
18 2014  Vietnam
Japan
1–0
Australia

China PR
2–1
South Korea
8
19 2018  Jordan
Japan
1–0
Australia

China PR
3–1
Thailand
8
20 2022  India
China PR
3–2
South Korea
 Japan and  Philippines 12
21 2026 TBD 12

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Australia was represented by New South Wales
  2. ^ Competes as Chinese Taipei since 1981, in compliance with the International Olympic Committee's Nagoya Resolution in 1979. Previously referred to as the Republic of China.[5]
  3. ^ Host country India had two teams that played in this competition: India N and India S
  4. ^ The match was cancelled as Hong Kong team members have already booked the flight to leave Kozhikode before kickoff, otherwise they had to stay behind for further four days for another earliest flight to Hong Kong, which would have upset the team's schedule. Both teams were declared third place.
  5. ^ The team competed under the club name "Mulan Taipei". Chinese Taipei requested two other national teams to compete under the club name as well.[6]

Performance by nation[edit]

Rank Nation Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place Semi-finalists Total
1  China PR 9 2 3 1 0 15
2  North Korea 3 3 2 1 0 9
3  Chinese Taipei 3 2 2 2 0 9
4  Japan 2 4 5 3 1 15
5  Australia 1 3 2 1 0 7
6  Thailand 1 3 1 1 0 6
7  New Zealand 1 0 0 0 0 1
8  India 0 2 1 0 0 3
9  South Korea 0 1 1 3 0 5
10  Hong Kong 0 0 1 2 0 3
11  Malaysia 0 0 1 1 0 2
 Singapore 0 0 1 1 0 2
13  Indonesia 0 0 0 2 0 2
14  Philippines 0 0 0 0 1 1
Total 20 20 20 18 2 80

Participating nations[edit]

Team Hong Kong
1975
(6)
Taiwan
1977
(6)
India
1980
(6)
Hong Kong
1981
(8)
Thailand
1983
(6)
Hong Kong
1986
(7)
Hong Kong
1989
(8)
Japan
1991
(9)
Malaysia
1993
(8)
Malaysia
1995
(11)
China
1997
(11)
Philippines
1999
(15)
Chinese Taipei
2001
(14)
Thailand
2003
(14)
Australia
2006
(9)
Vietnam
2008
(8)
China
2010
(8)
Vietnam
2014
(8)
Jordan
2018
(8)
India
2022
(12)
Years
 Australia 3rd 3rd 2nd 4th 1st 2nd 2nd QF 8
 China PR 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 3rd 2nd 1st 2nd 4th 3rd 3rd 1st 15
 Chinese Taipei 1st 1st 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 3rd 4th 2nd GS GS GS GS QF 14
 Guam GS GS GS GS 4
 Hong Kong GS GS 3rd 4th GS GS 4th GS GS GS GS GS GS GS 14
 India 2nd 3rd 2nd GS GS GS GS GS WD[a] 9
 Indonesia 4th GS 4th GS GS 5
 Iran GS 1
 Japan GS GS 2nd 3rd 2nd 3rd 2nd 3rd 4th 2nd 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 1st 1st SF 17
 Jordan GS GS 2
 Kazakhstan GS GS GS 3
 North Korea GS 4th 2nd 2nd 3rd 1st 1st 3rd 1st 2nd 10
 South Korea GS GS 4th GS GS 4th 3rd GS GS GS 4th 5th 2nd 13
 Malaysia 4th GS 3rd GS GS GS GS GS GS 9
 Myanmar GS GS GS GS GS 5
   Nepal GS GS GS 3
 New Zealand 1st 1
 Philippines GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS 6th SF 10
 Singapore GS 3rd GS 4th GS GS GS 7
 Thailand 2nd 2nd 2nd 1st 3rd GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS 5th 4th QF 17
 Uzbekistan GS GS GS GS GS 5
 Vietnam GS GS GS GS GS GS 6th GS QF 9

Notes:

  1. ^ India failed to name the required 13 players and were unable to play their match of the group stage against Chinese Taipei due to them having only fewer than 13 players left with the remaining team members testing positive for COVID-19. They were considered to have withdrawn from the competition, and all previous matches played by them were considered "null and void" and would not be considered in determining the final group rankings.[7]

General statistics[edit]

As of 2022
Rank Team Part Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1  China PR 15 75 61 5 9 367 38 +329 188
2  Japan 17 81 55 6 20 365 60 +305 171
3  Chinese Taipei 14 64 38 6 20 175 84 +91 120
4  North Korea 10 53 36 6 11 242 38 +204 114
5  Thailand 17 69 34 2 33 115 171 −56 104
6  South Korea 13 54 28 7 19 157 77 +80 91
7  Australia 8 40 21 6 13 88 43 +45 69
8  India 9 36 16 4 16 63 61 +2 52
9  Hong Kong 14 57 11 4 42 26 191 −165 37
10  Vietnam 9 33 11 1 21 39 92 −53 34
11  Singapore 7 27 7 1 19 21 115 −94 22
12  Uzbekistan 5 16 7 0 9 15 64 −49 21
13  Malaysia 9 34 5 3 26 20 161 −141 18
14  Philippines 10 36 5 2 29 22 187 −165 17
15  Indonesia 5 17 4 1 12 17 77 −60 13
16  New Zealand 1 4 4 0 0 11 3 +8 12
17  Kazakhstan 3 9 2 2 5 16 39 −23 8
18  Myanmar 5 17 2 2 13 16 56 −40 8
19  Guam 4 15 1 0 14 5 112 −107 3
20  Iran 1 3 0 1 2 0 12 −12 1
21  Jordan 2 6 0 0 6 5 29 −24 0
22    Nepal 3 10 0 0 10 1 67 −66 0

Awards[edit]

Year Most Valuable Player Top Scorer Goals Best goalkeeper Fairplay Award
2006 China Ma Xiaoxu Japan Yūki Nagasato
South Korea Jung Jung-suk
7 Not awarded  China PR
2008 Japan Homare Sawa North Korea Ri Kum-suk 7  Japan
2010 North Korea Jo Yun-mi Japan Kozue Ando 3  China PR
2014 Japan Aya Miyama China Yang Li
South Korea Park Eun-sun
6  Japan
2018 Japan Mana Iwabuchi China Li Ying 7  Japan
2022 China Wang Shanshan Australia Sam Kerr 7 China Zhu Yu  South Korea

Winning coaches[edit]

Year Team Coach
1975  New Zealand New Zealand Dave Farrington
1977  Republic of China Taiwan Liu Jun-tse
1980  Republic of China Taiwan Chang Teng-yun
1981  Mulan Taipei Taiwan Kao Yong
1983  Thailand
1986  China PR China Cong Zheyu
1989  China PR China Shang Ruihua
1991  China PR China Shang Ruihua
1993  China PR China Ma Yuanan
1995  China PR China Ma Yuanan
1997  China PR China Ma Yuanan
1999  China PR China Ma Yuanan
2001  North Korea North Korea Ri Song-gun
2003  North Korea North Korea Ri Song-gun
2006  China PR China Ma Liangxing
2008  North Korea North Korea Kim Kwang-min
2010  Australia Scotland Tom Sermanni
2014  Japan Japan Norio Sasaki
2018  Japan Japan Asako Takakura
2022  China PR China Shui Qingxia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Asian Women's Championship". Archived from the original on 21 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Competition Regulations AFC Women's Asian Cup 2014 Qualifiers". Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 25 July 2012. The AFC stages the AFC Women's Asian Cup 2014 (Qualifiers) (hereafter the "Competition") for the senior women's national teams once every four (4) years. (In Section 1)[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "VFF Aim To Host 2014 AFC Women's Asian Cup". Asean Football Federation. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
  4. ^ a b "AFC to invest in new era of national team and club competitions". AFC. 26 October 2019.
  5. ^ History of the AFC Women's Asian Cup (PDF) (Print ed.). Asian Football Confederation, International Centre for Sport Studies (CIES). FIFA Museum. January 2022. pp. 5, 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2022.
  6. ^ History of the AFC Women's Asian Cup (PDF) (Print ed.). Asian Football Confederation, International Centre for Sport Studies (CIES). FIFA Museum. January 2022. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Latest update on the AFC Women's Asian Cup India 2022". Asian Football Confederation. 23 January 2022.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]